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Reinventing Primate Neuroscience for the Twenty-First Century

Todd M. Preuss

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter advocates an evolutionary approach to understanding comparative brain anatomy in primates. It argues that deep understanding of the relationships between brain and behavior requires ... More


Evolution of an Intellectual Mind in the Primate Brain

Atsushi Iriki, Yumiko Yamazaki, and Osamu Sakura

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews neurophysiological studies of how primates learn to extend their actions with tools. It shows that learning to use tools modifies not only the response properties of neurons ... More


Circuits of Emotion in the Primate Brain

Katalin M. Gothard and Kari L. Hoffman

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive processes including emotion, reward, memory, social behavior, numerosity, and executive control. The first section identifies the main ... More


The Primate Frontal and Temporal Lobes and Their Role in Multisensory Vocal Communication

Lizabeth M. Romanski and Asif A. Ghazanfar

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

By exploring how existing primates use their vocalizations, numerous investigators are building a rigorous, testable framework for how speech might have evolved. Some have suggested that the ability ... More


Radial Glial Cells: Scaffolding for Cortical Development and Evolution

Pasko Rakic

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Radial glial cells derive from the neuroepithelial cells during restricted developmental periods in most regions of the vertebrate brain. The diversity of functions and the variety of morphogenetic ... More


Animal Innovation

Simon M. Reader and Kevin N. Laland (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526223
eISBN:
9780191689406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1953 a young female Japanese macaque called Imo began washing sweet potatoes before eating them, presumably to remove dirt and sand grains. Soon other monkeys had adopted this behaviour, and ... More


Ethologically Relevant Movements Mapped on the Motor Cortex

Michael S. A

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence that motor cortex in primates is not organized according to topographic maps related to the body surface, but is organized according to species-typical motor behavior. ... More


Associative Memory in the Medial Temporal Lobe

Yuji Naya and Wendy A. Suzuki

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews the role of the medial temporal lobe in associative memory. Part I presents the results from behavioral neurophysiological studies focused on recording in both the perirhinal ... More


Neurobiological Kinds: Understanding the Abstractions of Neurobiological Thought

Paul W. Glimcher

in Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744251
eISBN:
9780199863433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744251.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter begins with a brief tour of the sensory mechanisms of the human brain. The goal of this tour is to reveal several of the basic computational principles that recur throughout the ... More


Multiple neural circuits in value-based decision making

Manami Yamamoto, Xiaochuan Pan, Kensaku Nomoto, and Masamichi Sakagami

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Valuation is an essential process and function in decision making. The variety and organization of such valuation systems characterize the decision making of animals. To understand the nature of the ... More


The Frontal Lobes

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter notes that the expansion of the brain, particularly the cortex, as well as increased behavioral flexibility, in mammals compared to that in reptiles, birds, and fishes. Mammalian brains ... More


Human Tool Use: A Causal Role in Plasticity of Bodily and Spatial Representations

Lucilla Cardinali, Claudio Brozzoli, Francesca Frassinetti, Alice C. Roy, and Alessandro Farnè

in Tool Use and Causal Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199571154
eISBN:
9780191731259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571154.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Behind the complex phenomenon of the phylogenetic development of tool use and its potential causal implication for higher forms of cognition, there are important ‘lower level’ aspects of cognition ... More


fMRI Adaptation: A Tool for Studying Visual Representations in the Primate Brain

Zoe Kourtzi and Kalanit Grill-Spector

in Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529699
eISBN:
9780191689697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529699.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes how adaptation over short time frames (seconds) can be combined with brain imaging to study visual representations in the primate brain. The fMRI-adaptation approach, developed ... More


Introduction

Johan J. Bolhuis

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book aims to give an overview of the current knowledge of the essential neural mechanisms of perception, learning, and memory, but it also addresses some of the controversies and debates in the ... More


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