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Our Awareness of Sensations

Ryan Nichols

in Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199276912
eISBN:
9780191707759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276912.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter analyzes what Reid says about the nature of our awareness of sensations in order to identify the degree of contact between our minds and the world. It begins with a summary of the ... More


The Scope of Mechanism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There are three areas of particular concern to mechanists, concerns which highlight the legitimatory aspects of the mechanist project in natural philosophy. The first is the question of how ... More


 Russellian Speculations

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores Russell’s idea that reflection on the nature of scientific inquiry prompts a version of the ignorance hypothesis, an idea much discussed in contemporary philosophy. As ... More


Locke's Distinction between Primary Primary Qualities and Secondary Primary Qualities

Edwin McCann

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Besides distinguishing between primary and secondary qualities, Locke implicitly draws a distinction between two types of primary quality, those of macroscopic objects and those of what he calls the ... More


Kant's ‘Primary’ Qualities

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Properties of phenomena are, like Locke's secondary qualities, relational; and, like Locke's primary qualities, objective and attributable by science. These ‘primary’ qualities include spatial and ... More


Properties

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The chapter promotes the idea that properties, ways substances are, are powerful qualities. The familiar distinction between categorical and dispositional properties is grounded in a confusion ... More


Primary and Secondary Qualities

J. L. Mackie

in Problems from Locke

Published in print:
1976
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198750369
eISBN:
9780191597947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198750366.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Mackie examines the distinction between primary and secondary qualities. It is argued that Locke's distinction supports the claim that he held a representative theory of perception. Mackie discussed ... More


Scholastic Qualities, Primary and Secondary

Robert Pasnau

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between two kinds of qualities, primary and secondary, is one of the core doctrines of Scholastic natural philosophy. Far from being an invention of the modern era, it is something to ... More


Corpuscularianism

Kenneth P. Winkler

in Berkeley: An Interpretation

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235095
eISBN:
9780191598685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235097.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

After describing the corpuscularian background of Berkeley's work (in, for example, the writing of Boyle, Newton, Locke, and Malebranche), I consider whether Berkeley can endorse the existence of ... More


Reid on the Real Foundation of the Primary–Secondary Quality Distinction

James Van Cleve

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is the basis of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities? Is it that primary qualities reside in external objects and secondary qualities in the mind only? Reid says no. Is it ... More


Kant and Helmholtz on Primary and Secondary Qualities

Gary Hatfield

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter finds two versions of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities in Galileo, Descartes, Boyle, and Locke. Although agreeing that primary qualities are physically basic ... More


Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Lawrence Nolan (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The central aim of this book is to trace the historical development of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, which lies at the intersection of issues in metaphysics, epistemology, ... More


A Comparison With Locke

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243174
eISBN:
9780191597909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243174.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the Prolegomena, Kant says he is like Locke, except that he makes all the qualities secondary—a position which makes him look uncomfortably like Berkeley, if one takes secondary qualities to be ... More


The Distinction between Primary and Secondary Qualities in Ancient Greek Philosophy

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the primary–secondary quality distinction can be found in ancient Greek philosophers in the form of two distinctions, one between the intrinsic qualities of basic matter and ... More


Gassendi and the Seventeenth-Century Atomists on Primary and Secondary Qualities

Antonia LoLordo

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gassendi explicates the various qualities of bodies in atomist terms. But unlike most of his contemporaries, he does not distinguish primary and secondary qualities or argue that the size, shape, and ... More


Hume and the Sensible Qualities

Kenneth P. Winkler

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The aim of this chapter is to understand better Hume's response to what he calls the "fundamental principle" of the modern philosophy, the opinion that "colors, sounds, tastes, smells, heat and cold" ... More


The Sense Experience of Primary Qualities

Thomas C. Vinci

in Cartesian Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113297
eISBN:
9780199833825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113292.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It seems undeniable that we have both sense experience of primary qualities and sense experience of secondary qualities, and yet, based on a text in the Sixth Replies among others, many commentators ... More


Problems from Locke

J. L. Mackie

Published in print:
1976
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198750369
eISBN:
9780191597947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198750366.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this book, Mackie critically examines various philosophical problems raised in John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Mackie carefully considers Locke's treatment of these problems, ... More


The Theory of Primary and Secondary Qualities

Georges Dicker

in Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195381467
eISBN:
9780199897124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381467.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A key part of the world-view that Berkeley tried to overturn is the theory of primary and secondary qualities, and the classic exposition of this theory is in Locke's Essay Concerning Human ... More


Berkeley's Attack on the Theory of Primary and Secondary Qualities

Georges Dicker

in Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195381467
eISBN:
9780199897124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381467.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that while Berkeley's arguments against the theory of primary and secondary qualities may count against certain versions of the theory, they don't refute Locke's version, ... More


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