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Increasing the Contribution of Epidemiology to the Primary Prevention of Cancer

BEVERLY ROCKHILL and DOUGLAS WEED

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0068
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapters aims to stimulate critical and creative thought about the role that epidemiology can, and should, play in preventing cancer. It presents four suggestions for increasing the contribution ... More


What Is Currently Spent on Prevention as Compared to Treatment?

George Miller, Charles Roehrig, Paul Hughes-Cromwick, and Ani Turner Ba

in Prevention vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199837373
eISBN:
9780199919499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199837373.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter we address the need for metrics and methods to measure spending on prevention as a basis for understanding the current distribution of funds between prevention and treatment and to ... More


Prevention

Barbara Jo Fidler, Nicholas Bala, and Michael A. Saini

in Children Who Resist Postseparation Parental Contact: A Differential Approach for Legal and Mental Health Professionals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895496
eISBN:
9780199980086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895496.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter focuses on prevention to avert parent-child contact problems from becoming more severe. A number of prevention approaches, strategies, and programs have been developed to address ... More


Planning Population Health Interventions

T. Kue Young

in Population Health: Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195158540
eISBN:
9780199864379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses issues in the planning of health interventions: health promotion vs disease prevention, types and levels of prevention, criteria for screening, behavioural models, and cross ... More


Health Protection, Health Promotion, and Disease Prevention at the Workplace

René Mendes and Elizabeth Costa Dias

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health promotion seeks to improve the level of health in a population by preventing diseases, controlling hazards, improving fitness and well being and enhancing the capacity or workers to work and ... More


Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity: Research and Public Policy

Thomas F. Babor, Raul Caetano, Sally Casswell, Griffith Edwards, Norman Giesbrecht, Kathryn Graham, Joel W. Grube, Linda Hill, Harold Holder, Ross Homel, Michael Livingston, Esa Österberg, Jürgen Rehm, Robin Room, and Ingeborg Rossow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199551149
eISBN:
9780191720642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551149.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity - Research and Public Policy Second Edition is a collaborative effort by an international group of addiction scientists to improve the linkages between ... More


Drug Policy and the Public Good

Thomas F. Babor, Jonathan P. Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David R. Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore S. Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Drug use represents a significant burden to public health, through disease, disability and social problems, and policy makers are becoming increasingly interested in how to develop evidence-based ... More


Stroke

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Stroke is a leading cause of disability and mortality in the United States and other industrialized countries. This chapter discusses important issues that arise in the enumeration of stroke and how ... More


The Way Ahead: Prevention and Protection

Anne‐Marie McAlinden

in 'Grooming' and the Sexual Abuse of Children: Institutional, Internet, and Familial Dimensions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583720
eISBN:
9780191758263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583720.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter underlines the need to broaden current discourses on the prevention of sexual offending against children beyond a narrow focus on ‘grooming’ towards the development of a wider public ... More


Policy and practice proposals to support children and young people coping with interparental conflict and separation

Mervyn Murch

in Supporting Children When Parents Separate: Embedding a Crisis Intervention Approach within Family Justice, Education and Mental Health Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447345947
eISBN:
9781447345992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447345947.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter considers how the Caplanian approach might in time become embedded in a whole school system committed to a child's wellbeing and resilient mental health. The first part outlines policy ... More


Biological Hazards at Work

Gregory Chan, Chung Tsing, and David Koh

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Biological hazards include bacteria, viruses, and parasites and other organisms for which exposure can cause occupational disease, usually infections. Such organisms are called pathogens. Other ... More


Concepts in Cancer Epidemiology and Etiology

Pagona Lagiou, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Manipulation of exposures in humans, many of which may be harmful, is frequently infeasible, unethical or both. Therefore, epidemiologists have to base their inferences on experiments that humans ... More


Social Networks and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Yoosik Youm and Edward O. Laumann

in The Sexual Organization of the City

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226470313
eISBN:
9780226470337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470337.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a serious social problem in the United States, and primary prevention is crucial for curbing them. However, reaching a population targeted for primary ... More


The Equality–Non-discrimination Gaze on the Right to Life

Smitha Nizar

in The Contradiction in Disability Law: Selective Abortions and Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199466658
eISBN:
9780199087174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466658.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter assesses the impact of UNCRPD and rights of persons with disabilities to examine whether disability-selective abortions diminish the value of persons with disabilities. The rights-based ... More


Stomach Cancer

Weimin Ye, Olof Nyrén, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The epidemiology of stomach cancer is characterized by its wide variation of incidence by geography and population. Despite a declining secular trend of incidence in most Western populations, it is ... More


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