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What Is Primary Care?

ERIC J. CASSELL

in Doctoring: The Nature of Primary Care Medicine

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195113235
eISBN:
9780199999828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113235.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

For almost 200 years, the idea of health has been equated with freedom from disease. Developing slowly during the same period have been the explicit medical and social meanings of the word disease; ... More


Specific Measures Required to Secure the Right to Health

John Tobin

in The Right to Health in International Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199603299
eISBN:
9780191731662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603299.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The formulation of the right to health in international law lists a series of explicit measures that states must pursue in order to secure the full implementation of this right. These measures, which ... More


The policy context

Andrew Green

in An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces some of the key policy themes that have been central to the health sector over the last twenty years. It begins by examining the policy of primary health care (PHC), which for ... More


The Politics of General Practice

Charles Webster

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the different interventions of the central government in connection with general medical practice and primary health care since the National Health Service began in the late ... More


Understanding and Organizing Health Care Systems

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines archetypes of health care systems, from various European national health systems to the centrally planned model of the former Soviet Union and the market-driven US model. The ... More


A New International Order in Health

Nitsan Chorev

in The World Health Organization between North and South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the World Health Organization's (WHO) strategic response to the call for a New International Economic Order (NIEO) and how it was able to contribute to the new international ... More


Palliative care for non-cancer patients: a UK perspective from primary care

Stephen Barclay

in Palliative Care for Non-cancer Patients

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192629609
eISBN:
9780191730054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629609.003.0015
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Maintaining a normal life for as long as possible, being in familiar surroundings cared for by a relative, and supported by health professionals well known to them, have all been found to be aspects ... More


Reforming Health Care in Greece: Balancing Fiscal Adjustment with Health Care Needs1

Panos Kanavos and Kyriakos Souliotis

in Beyond Austerity: Reforming the Greek Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262035835
eISBN:
9780262339216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035835.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The Greek health care system relies on expensive medical inputs to deliver basic health care services, and is characterized by a lack of primary care focus, which disallows care integration and ... More


The Evolution of British General Practice, 1850–1948

Anne Digby

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205135
eISBN:
9780191676512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205135.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This is a major new study of the formative period in the development of modern general practice in the UK. Drawing upon an impressive range of hitherto unused archival material, the book analyses the ... More


Lay health workers in practice

Jane South, Judy White, and Mark Gamsu

in People-centred public health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781447305316
eISBN:
9781447307808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305316.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter gives an overview of the history of lay health workers and the diversity of current practice. It examines how the concept of community health workers originated in the 1970s as part of a ... More


Setting priorities

Andrew Green

in An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198571346
eISBN:
9780191724138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the key questions of who should set priorities, and how. It also examines the complex issues of the underlying factors and attitudes towards priorities. It argues that ... More


Occupational Health and Economic Development

Tee L. Guidotti

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

All countries are developing countries because today every country is undergoing an economic transition. Less developed countries or “developing” countries (in the usual use of the term) may become ... More


State, Community, and Primary Health Care: Empowering or Disempowering Discourses?

Ritu Priya

in Equity and Access: Health Care Studies in India

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780199482160
eISBN:
9780199097746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199482160.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The chapter reconstructs a narrative of health services development in post-Independence India by examining relationships of the state, community, and Primary Health Care approach through existing ... More


Globalizing health systems

Ronald Labonté and Arne Ruckert

in Health Equity in a Globalizing Era: Past Challenges, Future Prospects

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198835356
eISBN:
9780191872952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835356.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Strengthening health systems in poorer countries has long been a focal point in development aid debates. Visionary models of comprehensive primary health care caught the global imagination in the ... More


Health in Economic Terms

Nitsan Chorev

in The World Health Organization between North and South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines how the World Health Organization (WHO), under the leadership of Director-General Gro Harlem Brundtland, strategically adapted to the “new policy environment” that was created ... More


Health Sectors as Actors and Advocates for Health and Health Equity

Fran Baum

in Governing for Health: Advancing Health and Equity through Policy and Advocacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190258948
eISBN:
9780190258979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190258948.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Many assume that the health sector is the central government agency for health. Yet very often, health sectors are actually “illness care” sectors that give little concern to the production or ... More


Between International and Global Health: Contextualizing the Present

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter analyzes how wartime and postwar needs—combined with the creation of the United Nations (UN) and the World Health Organization (WHO), late imperialism, and decolonization ... More


The Roots of Global Health Inequity

Joia S. Mukherjee

in An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190662455
eISBN:
9780190662486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter outlines the historical roots of health inequities. It focuses on the African continent, where life expectancy is the shortest and health systems are weakest. The chapter describes the ... More


Rural dementia research in Canada

Debra Morgan, Julie Kosteniuk, Megan E. O’Connell, Norma Stewart, and Andrew Kirk

in Remote and Rural Dementia Care: Policy, Research and Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781447344957
eISBN:
9781447345350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344957.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Although rural Canada makes up 95% of the country’s land mass, Canada is becoming increasingly urbanized as cities grow and the rural proportion has declined and aged. These changes have ... More


The Secondary Effects of Primary Health Care

Tine Hanrieder

in International Organization in Time: Fragmentation and Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198705833
eISBN:
9780191775246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705833.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines how the Primary Health Care (PHC) reform initiated by director-general Halfdan Mahler (1973–1988) yielded increasing returns to regional power. While the reform’s policy goals ... More


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