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Social Justice and Environmental Goods 1

David Miller

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

David Miller grapples with the sustainability question in the context of liberal theories of justice. He believes that environmental goods are as appropriately related to theories of justice as any ... More


The Social Division of Responsibility

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 4 looks in more detail at the place of claims about responsibility in arguments not just about how goods should be distributed but also about what those goods should be. It assesses an argument ... More


 The Basic Idea: Justice as Fairness

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The original position, which is Rawls's account of a hypothetical contract, is examined in how it plays an important role in a Rawlsian conception on justice. Through the original position, justice ... More


Minimizing Marriage: What Political Liberalism Implies for Marriage Law

Elizabeth Brake

in Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774142
eISBN:
9780199933228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774142.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Chapter 7 takes up the challenges of the preceding chapters by providing a strong rationale for a reformed marriage law. This proposal, ‘minimal marriage’, is a legal framework which avoids ... More


Justice and Capability

Amartya Sen

in Inequality Reexamined

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289289
eISBN:
9780191596896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289286.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter first addresses the informational bases of justice. It then goes on to discuss and give a critique of the Rawlsian theory of justice as fairness, which is regarded by Rawls himself as a ... More


What Is Well-Being? What Is Equity?

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter replies to some standard objections to consequentialist moral principle, including the problem of expensive tastes, and R. Dworkin’s circularity objection. The chapter compares the main ... More


Rawlsian Justice *

Fabienne Peter

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Rawls's theory of justice builds on the social contract tradition to offer an alternative to utilitarianism. Rawls singles out justice‐not maximum welfare or efficiency‐as “the first virtue of social ... More


Justice as Fairness and the Capability Approach *

Ingrid Robeyns

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reconsiders the differences between Amartya Sen's capability approach and John Rawls's justice as fairness approach. Sen's most important critique on Rawlsian justice concerns the ... More


Inequality in Capabilities Between Men and Women in Mexico

Margarita M. Valdés

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Valdés analyses the situation of women's inequality in Mexico, identifying traditional obstacles to women's full access to constitutionally guaranteed equality of opportunity. Making subtle ... More


Utilitarian Attack and Stoic Withdrawal: Two Extremes

Claudia Card

in The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145083
eISBN:
9780199833115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145089.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The classical utilitarians regarded all suffering as evil, regardless of source, and aimed to eliminate as much suffering as possible from the world. Stoics, in contrast, regarded as neither good nor ... More


The Currency of Children’s Justice

Timothy Fowler and Timothy Fowler

in Liberalism, Childhood and Justice: Ethical Issues in Upbringing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529201635
eISBN:
9781529201680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529201635.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter explores different theories of advantage in the context of childhood. It argues that both subjective theories of advantage, which measure mental states like happiness, and resource ... More


Rawlsian Self-Respect 1

Cynthia A. Stark

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A prominent element of Rawls's legacy is his uniting justice with self-respect. Indeed, Rawls appeals to the good of self-respect to justify several features of “justice as fairness” — the highly ... More


Self-Respect in Rawls’s Liberalism

Matthew H. Kramer

in Liberalism with Excellence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198777960
eISBN:
9780191823428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777960.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Though the affirmative argumentation in this book will really have begun in Chapter 6, it emerges fully in the volume’s concluding three chapters. Chapter 7 explores in detail the nature of ... More


The Formal Structure of Choice-of-Law Rules: Three Choice-of-Law Methodologies

Sagi Peari

in The Foundation of Choice of Law: Choice and Equality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190622305
eISBN:
9780190622336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190622305.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter traces the structure of choice-of-law rules and outlines the three leading methodologies: classical connecting factors, American interest analysis, and better law. Among the three ... More


Primary Rights

Kevin Vallier

in Must Politics Be War?: Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190632830
eISBN:
9780190632861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190632830.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The ideas of moral peace, a system of trust, and public justification explain the need for a legal system that corrects and stabilizes moral rules that form the basis for social trust. Legal rules ... More


Specters of Democracy: Detouring the Limitations of Rawls and the Capabilities Approach

Tony Fitzpatrick

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores how those interested in the making, implementation, and effects of government policies might approach the stand-off between Rawlsians and the capabilities approach. It proposes ... More


Capabilities, Utility, or Primary Goods? On Finding a Conceptual Framework for (International) Labour Law

Pascal McDougall

in The Capability Approach to Labour Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198836087
eISBN:
9780191873447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836087.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter argues, against both advocates and critics of the capabilities approach (CA), that applying the CA to labour law makes little substantive difference, because it does not provide answers ... More


Industrial Growth in São Paulo

Francisco Vidal Luna and Herbert S. Klein

in An Economic and Demographic History of São Paulo, 1850-1950

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503602007
eISBN:
9781503604124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503602007.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

While the creation of a dynamic agricultural economy was explained by the extraordinary quality of the soils of the state and their excellent conditions for the growth of coffee, the same was not the ... More


Sen’s Capability Critique

Christopher Lowry

in John Rawls: Debating the Major Questions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190859213
eISBN:
9780190859220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190859213.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Amartya Sen’s capability critique identified a problem with Rawls’s use of primary goods as his metric of advantage (that is, his way to measure inequality). Sen offered the notion of capability as a ... More


The Great Fact and the Good Life

Arthur M. Diamond Jr.

in Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Deirdre McCloskey’s Great Fact of economic history is the enrichment in the West that started during the Industrial Revolution, following millennia of life being, as Hobbes says, “poor, nasty, ... More


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