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What Makes Right Acts Right?

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This second chapter continues the inquiry into right started in the first, asking what makes right acts right. Historical attempts to state a single characteristic of all right actions that is the ... More


Eliminativism about Derivative Prima Facie Duties

Philip Stratton‐Lake

in Underivative Duty: British Moral Philosophers from Sidgwick to Ewing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199577446
eISBN:
9780191725425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter the notion of a derivative prima facie duty is considered. An eliminatitivist understanding of derivative prima facie is defended, according to which basic duties do not ground ... More


Ross and Rule‐Consequentialism

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

If lying and not lying will have exactly the same consequences, then, according to act-utilitarianism, it doesn't matter whether or not one lies. Ross claims that lying is prima facie wrong, or wrong ... More


 Human Rights and Duties Not to Harm

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Building on the severity and inequity of public-health risks and the way polluters sometimes undercut rights to know and consent to these risks, by manipulating media or science, this chapter ... More


What Are Prima Facie Duties?

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on Ross’s most important conceptual innovation: the idea of prima facie duty. Four main claims are defended: first, contra some of his harsher critics, that though much of what ... More


Kinds of Goodness and Duty

Thomas Hurka

in British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199233625
eISBN:
9780191792694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The basic concepts have different forms, the most important of which are discussed here. First is intrinsic goodness, which Moore took to depend only on a thing’s intrinsic properties; this view is ... More


More Right than Wrong

Jonathan Dancy

in Reason, Value, and Respect: Kantian Themes from the Philosophy of Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199699575
eISBN:
9780191793035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699575.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some critics argue that while Kant’s view has trouble making sense of the notion of a moral reason, W. D. Ross’s view does not. In “The Importance of Moral Rules and Principles,” Tom Hill argues that ... More


Audi's Marriage of Ross and Kant

Thomas Hurka

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that Audi's attempt to ground Ross's prima facie duties in Kant's categorical imperative does not succeed. Audi has attempted to give a Kantian basis for Rossian pluralism that ... More


More Right than Wrong

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper argues that Ross, despite the importance and innovativity of his conception of a prima facie duty, fails entirely to make sense of the relation between prima facie duty, as he understands ... More


More Supererogatory

Thomas Hurka and Evangeline Tsagarakis

in Principles and Persons: The Legacy of Derek Parfit

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780192893994
eISBN:
9780191915147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192893994.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If acts can be supererogatory, presumably some can be more supererogatory than others, or further beyond the call of duty. This paper explains how this is possible within a general account of ... More


Act-Consequentialism, Pluralist Deontology

Thomas Hurka

in British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199233625
eISBN:
9780191792694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The school’s members defended specific versions of consequentialism and deontology. This chapter first discusses Sidgwick’s and Moore’s combination of act- and indirect consequentialism, where the ... More


Two Conceptions of Morality

Bernard Gert

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares two conceptions of morality, one championed by Aristotle, Ross, and Kant, the other championed by Hobbes and Mill. In The Good in the Right, Audi develops a version of the first ... More


BEYOND VAPORWARE?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A goal of machine morality is not just to raise many questions but to provide a resource for further development of artificial moral agents. Chapter 9 surveys software that is currently under ... More


From Moral Knowledge to Default Principles

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the bare possibility of moral knowledge in particular cases is already enough to ensure the availability of a certain sort of ‘hedged’ moral principle called a ‘default ... More


Philosophical Intuitionism (Methods III.XIII)

David Phillips

in Sidgwick's The Methods of Ethics: A Guide

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197539613
eISBN:
9780197539651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197539613.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on The Methods of Ethics, Book III, Chapter XIII. Its topic is philosophical intuitionism, Sidgwick’s articulation of axioms which he takes to satisfy the four conditions—unlike ... More


On Moral Properties

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper is about the relation of resultance, signalled by the ‘because’ in ‘that was wrong because it was dishonest’. It distinguishes resultance from supervenience and uses that distinction to ... More


Ethical Particularism and Morally Relevant Properties

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Thought: Essays on Reason, Intuition, and Action

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198865605
eISBN:
9780191897955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865605.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper follows a path that takes us from utilitarianism to particularism. Utilitarianism is the leading one-principle theory; its falsehood is here simply asserted. W. D. Ross’s theory of prima ... More


Above and Below the Line of Duty

Susan Wolf

in The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195332803
eISBN:
9780190219123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332803.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Because people cannot and should not be expected to devote themselves entirely to the good of the world, it would be desirable to draw a distinction between what is morally required, and what is ... More


Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

David Phillips

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book has two connected aims. The first is to interpret and evaluate W. D. Ross’s ethics, focusing on the key elements of his moral theory: his introduction of the concept of prima facie duty, ... More


The Critique of Common-Sense Morality (Methods III.I–III.XI)

David Phillips

in Sidgwick's The Methods of Ethics: A Guide

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780197539613
eISBN:
9780197539651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197539613.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on The Methods of Ethics, Book III, Chapters I through XI. Its topic is Sidgwick’s critique of the theory he calls “common-sense morality” or “dogmatic intuitionism.” The first ... More


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