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Business, Labor, and the Politics of Inflation

Benjamin C. Waterhouse

in Lobbying America: The Politics of Business from Nixon to NAFTA

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149165
eISBN:
9781400848171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149165.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter traces the complex politics of inflation from the onset of wage-price controls in 1971 through the peak of America's inflationary experience during the Carter administration. During ... More


Non-tax Distortions in Markets

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

A range of important non-tax distortions are examined in this chapter. They include externalities, non-competitive behaviour, and price-quantity controls that are important and are topical extensions ... More


Controlling affordability: pricing and taxation

Thomas Babor, Harold Holder, Raul Caetano, Ross Homel, Sally Casswell, Michael Livingston, Griffith Edwards, Esa Österberg, Norman Giesbrecht, Jürgen Rehm, Kathryn Graham, Robin Room, Joel Grube, Ingeborg Rossow, and Linda Hill

in Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity: Research and Public Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199551149
eISBN:
9780191720642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551149.003.008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the aims, mechanisms, and effects of alcohol taxation and pricing, two important economic strategies that have strong implications for the prevention of alcohol-related ... More


Trips Patent Regime: The Poverty Penalty

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter discusses the issue of access-to-medication in developing countries. It notes that these developing countries have struggled to balance patent rights with the issue of ... More


Budgetary Policy, Money Supply, and Banking in Bulgaria Between the Wars

Ljuben Berov

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

The first stage in the financial history of Bulgaria after the First World War was a period of hyperinflation and currency depreciation, associated with large budget deficits and rapid expansion of ... More


Getting Relative Prices “Wrong”: A Summary

Alice H. Amsden

in Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195076035
eISBN:
9780199870691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195076036.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

According to accepted economic theory, industrial expansion can be explained by one of two grand approaches, market oriented or institutional, and success is usually interpreted as a validation of ... More


The Post-War Technological Progress and Government Policies

Hiroyuki Odagiri and Akira Goto

in Technology and Industrial Development in Japan: Building Capabilities by Learning, Innovation and Public Policy

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288022
eISBN:
9780191684555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288022.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Japan's economy after World War II was devastated. Its manufacturing industry fell sharply and the food supply dropped by up to 51%. Inflation was high and the money supply was out of control. ... More


The Modern Liberal Regulatory Agenda

N. Scott Arnold

in Imposing Values: Liberalism and Regulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195374964
eISBN:
9780199871490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374964.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter identifies what is called “the modern liberal regulatory agenda,” which consists of the various regulatory regimes that modern liberals favor and classical liberals oppose. The first ... More


Federal Policy and College Tuition

Robert B. Archibald and David H. Feldman

in Why Does College Cost So Much?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744503
eISBN:
9780199866168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744503.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Recent congressional investigations into rising college tuition have laid the groundwork for price controls on tuition. This chapter explores the rationale for tuition controls by examining the ... More


The Unsustainable Costs of Partial Deregulation

Paul W. MacAvoy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300121285
eISBN:
9780300137750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300121285.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Three decades ago, federal policymakers—Republicans and Democrats—embarked on a general strategy of deregulation. In the electricity, gas delivery, and telecommunications industries, the strategy ... More


The Energy Crisis of the 1970s

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123493
eISBN:
9780813134956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123493.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the energy crisis in the U.S. during the 1970s. It explains that contrary to popular belief, the energy problem manifested itself months, even years, before the Arab oil ... More


Taxation and price control

Michael Livingston

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0045
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Along with measures designed to reduce the availability of alcohol, taxation has been the most common policy approach used by governments to control alcohol consumption and its attendant health and ... More


Prices in the Politburo, 1927: Market Equilibrium versus the Use of Force

Mark Harrison (ed.)

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcript of the January 2, 1927 Politburo meeting that focused on the setting of prices, and explains that discussion revolved around the so-called scissor crisis, which ... More


Implementing Price Controls

Robert Baldwin, Martin Cave, and Martin Lodge

in Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199576081
eISBN:
9780191806698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199576081.003.0025
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on price regulation and how its twin objectives — to protect consumers from exploitation and to provide investors with the confidence to maintain and develop the infrastructure ... More


The Emporion and the Markets

Alain Bresson

in The Making of the Ancient Greek Economy: Institutions, Markets, and Growth in the City-States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183411
eISBN:
9781400852451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183411.003.0012
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines how the emporion served as an important tool for Greek city-states to regulate the markets. It first provides an overview of the emporion, defined as a “trading port” or “the ... More


Exchange Rate-Based Stabilization: 1945–50

Shinji Takagi

in Conquering the Fear of Freedom: Japanese Exchange Rate Policy since 1945

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198714651
eISBN:
9780191782893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714651.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 1 reviews attempts by Japanese authorities to stabilize postwar inflation and eventually to establish a fixed exchange rate for the yen in the context of successful stabilization. The chapter ... More


Black Market Britain: 1939-1955

Mark Roodhouse

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588459
eISBN:
9780191747564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588459.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

Due to rationing and price control, Britain’s underground economy experienced a mid-century boom during the 1940s and early 1950s as producers, traders, and professional criminals helped consumers to ... More


Price Controls in Jewish Law

Aaron Levine

in Economic Morality and Jewish Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199826865
eISBN:
9780190261368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199826865.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses the economic cases involving Jewish law's intervention in the marketplace through ordinances such as the hayyei nefesh ordinance. It sets out the framework of the ordinance by ... More


Conclusion

Raymond G. Batina and Toshihiro Ihori

in Consumption Tax Policy and the Taxation of Capital Income

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297901
eISBN:
9780191685361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297901.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This concluding chapter gives a summary of the results and conclusions based on the arguments presented in this book on consumption tax. First, consumption tax greatly affects the economy. Its effect ... More


A Multistate Empirical Analysis of Homeowners’ Insurance

Howard C. Kunreuther and Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan

in At War with the Weather: Managing Large-Scale Risks in a New Era of Catastrophes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012829
eISBN:
9780262255431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012829.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The homeowner must choose the best insurance coverage offered in the market. The lowest prices are generally offered by “preferred insurers,” or insurers with more stringent underwriting standards, ... More


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