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The objectives of preventive medicine

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the scope and reasons for preventive medicine. It argues that the knowledge that we already possess is sufficient, if put into practice, to achieve great health gains for all ... More


The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Anne Hardy

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book represents an advance in the historical study of death and disease in the 19th century. It draws on a wide range of public health records and provides a detailed epidemiological ... More


Health Publicity 1919–1939

Mariel Grant

in Propaganda and the Role of the State in Inter-War Britain

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204442
eISBN:
9780191676284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204442.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

On its establishment in 1919, the Ministry of Health was accorded responsibility for the ‘collection, preparation, publication and dissemination of information and statistics’ related to measures ... More


The Future of Prospective Medicine Under the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007

Barbara J. Evans

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores special challenges FDA will face when assessing the safety and effectiveness of 21st-century preventive medical products that aim to avert future disease (as opposed to treating ... More


Prevention for individuals and the ‘high-risk’ strategy

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of prevention and clinical care and the high-risk preventive strategy. It then presents policy guidelines for screening to assess risk. The strengths and ... More


Introduction

Mark Harrison

in The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199575824
eISBN:
9780191595158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This introductory chapter places the First World War in the context of previous conflicts and sets the scene for the following chapters, with an overview of developments in British military medicine ... More


Scarlet Fever

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Scarlet fever was one of the first diseases to have an active preventive policy directed against it, and for some late nineteenth-century observers it came to represent a great triumph of preventive ... More


Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Francesco P. Cappuccio, Michelle A. Miller, and Steven W. Lockley (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sleep disturbances and sleep deprivation are common in modern society. Increasingly, populations have been subjected to a steady constant decline in the number of hours devoted to sleep, due to ... More


Disease, Quarantine, and Racial Categories in the Gezira Irrigation Scheme

Heather Bell

in Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899–1940

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207498
eISBN:
9780191677694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207498.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Gezira irrigation scheme highlights the complicated relationships between medicine, capital, and the health of labour. The need to protect the Gezira from disease infection dominated inter-war ... More


What needs to be prevented?

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that the clinical or high-risk approach to prevention has tended to concentrate attention on the conspicuous segment of disease and risk, seeking to understand and control it as ... More


Commentary

Kay-Tee Khaw and Michael Marmot

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of Geoffrey Rose's concepts and applications. It then discusses the continuity of risk and population impact, genes and the genomic revolution, ... More


The population strategy of prevention

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that the population strategy of prevention starts with the recognition that the occurrence of common diseases and exposures reflects the behaviour and circumstances of society as ... More


Some implications of population change

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Society seeks to distance itself from its deviants, either physically (as by segregating those with mental illness or AIDS), or by categorizing them (‘hypertensives’, ‘depressives’, ‘hooligans’), or ... More


The relation of risk to exposure

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the dose-effect relationship. It identifies two issues concerning the shape of the dose-effect relationship that are critical for preventive policy: How much of the burden of ... More


In search of health

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of how populations change. It then explores the scientific justification for change, social engineering versus individual freedom, war as the biggest largest ... More


Designing for the Dissemination of Environmental and Policy Initiatives and Programs for High-Risk Groups

Neville Owen, Ana Goode, Brianna Fjeldsoe, Takemi Sugiyama, and Elizabeth Eakin

in Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health: Translating Science to Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751877
eISBN:
9780199933242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751877.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Using examples from the field of physical activity and health, this chapter illustrates: designing for the dissemination of population-based environmental and policy approaches; and designing for the ... More


The Goal of Medicine

Alex Broadbent

in Philosophy of Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190612139
eISBN:
9780190612177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612139.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In order to say what medicine is, we need to identify the goal of medicine, the business of medicine, and the nature of health and disease. This chapter introduces the Curative Thesis: both the goal ... More


Individuals and populations

Geoffrey Rose

in Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630971
eISBN:
9780191723551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630971.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of individual variations in health, identifying the genetic and social determinants of diversity. It then considers variation between populations and the ... More


The Biomedical Promise of Biomarkers

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Spurred by the therapeutic promise of early identification and treatment, the pursuit of biomarkers for brain disorders gallops forth at an unprecedented pace. Here the chapter introduces cases that ... More


Compassion and Responsibility

Joshua Hordern

in Compassion in Healthcare: Pilgrimage, Practice, and Civic Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198790860
eISBN:
9780191833328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790860.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

This chapter explores how responsibility, fault, and desert matter for the content of compassion with particular reference to the idea of rationing by fault, shared decision-making, and recent UK law ... More


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