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Introduction

Edward W. Gregg, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Desmond Williams, and Catherine C. Cowie

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter starts with a brief discussion of the prevalence of diabetes and the existing evidence base for diabetes clinical and public health. An overview of the six sections in this ... More


Introduction

Peter Croft, Fiona M. Blyth, and Danielle var der Windt

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of Chapter 12–16. The chapters in this section are designed to give empirical flesh to the concepts, ideas, and methods of the previous sections. They each convey ... More


International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

International Smoking Statistics presents a valuable collection of smoking data relating to thirty countries—most of Europe, and also Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, USA, and the ... More


The Epidemiology of Autism

Christopher Gillberg

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the major epidemiological studies performed in the field of autism (including so-called ASDs). Studies published in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and from 2000 are considered. ... More


Misconduct in Research

Adil E. Shamoo and David B. Resnik

in Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Since the 1980s, well-publicized examples of research misconduct have increased public concerns and stimulated responses from government, universities, and other research institutions. The result has ... More


Macromolecular crystals and twinning

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Macromolecular crystal structure analyses can be severely hampered by cases of twinning or of multiple crystals. However, increasingly, twinning can readily be recognized, notably when the X‐ray ... More


Epidemiology in practice

John Wright

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: What is epidemiology? How do we measure disease? using rates in measuring disease; describing disease in terms of time, place, and person; defining cases ... More


Statistics used in observational studies

Will G. Hopkins

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A variety of ways to express the incidence and prevalence of sports injury exists, of which the number of injuries per 1,000 hours of play is the most commonly used. There is no clear answer as to ... More


Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Jennifer A. O'Dea and Michael Eriksen (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book brings together up-to-date research and experience of some of the most highly regarded childhood obesity prevention researchers, practitioners, and theorists. Controversial issues include ... More


Affliction: Health, Disease, Poverty

Veena Das

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823261802
eISBN:
9780823268917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823261802.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book inaugurates a novel way of understanding the trajectories of health and disease in the context of poverty. Focusing on low-income neighborhoods in Delhi, it stitches together three ... More


Disproportionate Impact of Diabetes in a Puerto Rican Community of Chicago

Steven Whitman, José E. López, Steven K. Rothschild, and Jaime Delgado

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The prevalence of diabetes in adults in the United States has been steadily increasing from 4.9% in 1990 to 6.1% in 2004. Diabetes prevalence is higher in U.S. non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics ... More


The Emergence of the Study of Mobbing

Maureen Duffy and Len Sperry

in Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195380019
eISBN:
9780199932764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380019.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the beginnings of the study and research of workplace and school mobbing in the 1960s and 1970s, and traces its continuing development through the 2000s. The work of ethologist ... More


Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter uses case histories to illustrate the reality of eating disorders and provides a detailed clinical description of the condition. It explains what eating disorders are, how they manifest, ... More


Low family income and the overweight status of Canadian adolescents

Peter Burton and Shelley Phipps

in Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

In Canada, as in many other countries, the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and youth has more than doubled over the past 25 years. Based on self-reports of height and weight, data ... More


The global occurrence of chronic pain: an introduction

Peter Croft, Fiona M. Blyth, and Danielle van der Windt

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a brief review of studies that explore chronic pain as a public health problem. It then discusses the prevalence of self-reported chronic pain, prevalence of chronic pain ... More


The demography of chronic pain: an overview

Fiona M. Blyth

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the demographic aspects of chronic pain. Topics covered include age distribution, gender distribution, socioeconomic status distribution, and implications for prevention and ... More


Introduction

Peter Croft, Kate Dunn, Fiona M. Blyth, and Danielle van der Windt

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter draws on all three chapters in the second section of the book (Chapter 5–7) to highlight general points about defining chronic pain as a public health issue. Topics discussed include a ... More


Disease-related pain: an introduction

Peter Croft

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents an overview of discussions in Chapter 18–21. It discusses the diseases contributing to population levels of chronic pain and the impact of pain on chronic disease outcome. It ... More


Epidemiology and etiology

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

The prevalence of tinnitus is high in children with normal hearing as well as in those with hearing loss or ear disease, and reaches levels in the 20–40% range. The prevalence of continuous tinnitus ... More


Epidemiology and cancer trials

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter outlines the significant information on the prevalence of cancer in a population, the methods in obtaining clinical information on the disease, and the levels of certainty with which ... More


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