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Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Nicholas Rescher

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Nature and Understanding explores the prospect of looking from a scientific point of view at such central ideas of traditional metaphysics as the simplicity of nature, its ... More


Semantics versus Pragmatics

Zoltan Gendler Szabo (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199251520
eISBN:
9780191719165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251520.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book contains a collection of ten chapters by philosophers and linguists on how semantics and pragmatics relate to one another. Some discuss the distinction directly; others approach it ... More


The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Christian Illies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Transcendental arguments have gained a lot of attention over the past twenty years, mainly in the field of theoretical reason. Yet few scholars have looked at their relevance to practical reason. ... More


Vagaries of lexical meaning

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter concentrates on the problems posed by lexical meanings for any formal theory. Among the topics discussed are the noncompositionality of compound meanings, vagueness phenomena, the ... More


Classy Pyrrhonism

Walter Sinnott‐Armstrong

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay invokes a technical framework of contrast classes within which Pyrrhonians can accept (or deny) knowledge claims that are relativized to specific contrast classes, but avoid all ... More


Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is divided into three parts. Part 1 (Chapters 1 to 4) investigates how truth can be conveyed in allegory, parable, or myth by analogy and metaphor, within false presuppositions about ... More


Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Andrei Marmor and Scott Soames (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199572380
eISBN:
9780191728914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572380.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book brings together the best contemporary philosophical work in the area of the intersection between philosophy of language and the law. Some of the contributors are philosophers of language ... More


Theological Definitions

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Christian doctrinal definitions (e.g., creeds) try to state doctrines in as precise a way as possible, using words — as far as possible — in literal senses. But they incorporate presuppositions which ... More


The Need for Revelation

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Humans need propositional revelation from God in order to know better what God is like, what he has done for us (e.g., become incarnate and made atonement for our sins), and will do for us (e.g., ... More


Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

K. M. Jaszczolt

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261987
eISBN:
9780191718656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261987.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The book offers an original theory of meaning in discourse that combines a dynamic representation of discourse with an intentional explanation of processing. It contains an exposition of a theory of ... More


Explaining Scenes

Nicholas Jardine

in The Scenes of Inquiry: On the Reality of Questions in the Sciences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250395
eISBN:
9780191681288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250395.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explains the ways in which a shift of scene may be brought about by changes in presuppositions and methodological commitments. It proposes the important role of local and tacit methods, ... More


A preliminary case for conventional implicatures

Christopher Potts

in The Logic of Conventional Implicatures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273829
eISBN:
9780191706653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273829.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter begins with a brief history of the idea of conventional implicatures (CIs) and a close look at Grice’s original definition. It compares and contrasts CIs with conversational ... More


Truth Conditional Semantics

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter offers a brief introduction to the core ideas and gives some notation concerning truth conditional semantics. It aims to revive earlier experiences with the field and ease later contact ... More


From Intensifier to Focus Particle

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter traces the development of intensifying selbst (self) to the focus particle selbst (even) in German. Starting from a semantic analysis of the intensifier, it surveys German literary data ... More


Semantic Reanalysis: The Algebraic Backbone of Meaning Change

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter surveys the driving factors of change that were encountered in the case studies. It is argued that language change does not arise as a result of experimentation and imitation of use of ... More


Parsimony and its presuppositions

Elliott Sober

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The use of a principle of parsimony in phylogenetic inference is both widespread and controversial. It is controversial because biologists, who view phylogenetic inference as first and foremost a ... More


The Political Thought of Jacques Rancière: Creating Equality

Todd May

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748635320
eISBN:
9780748671922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book is devoted entirely to the thought of Jacques Rancière. It focuses on his central political idea that a democratic politics emerges from the presupposition of equality. The book examines ... More


John Dominic Crossan on the Resurrection of Jesus

William Lane Craig

in The Resurrection: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Resurrection of Jesus

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269854
eISBN:
9780191600517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269854.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

John Dominic Crossan's reconstruction of the events of Easter is based upon idiosyncratic presuppositions concerning sources and methodology, which would not be accepted by any other major NT critic. ... More


Augustine as a Reader of Galatians

Eric Plumer

in Augustine's Commentary on Galatians: Introduction, Text, Translation, and Notes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199244393
eISBN:
9780191601194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244391.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Drawing partly upon De Doctrina Christiana, partly upon other writings of Augustine, Ch. 4 examines the hermeneutical presuppositions with which Augustine approaches the Bible. Of these ... More


Presuppositional Epistemic Contextualism and the Problem of Known Presuppositions

Michael Blome-Tillmann

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers counterexamples to presuppositional epistemic contextualism (PEC), a view about the semantics of ‘knowledge’-ascriptions. According to PEC, the semantic content of the ... More


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