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Dyarchic Presidentialization Dyarchic Presidentialization in a Presidentialized Polity: in a Presidentialized Polity: The French Fifth Republic

Ben Clift

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Begins by charting the emergence and evolution of the Fifth Republic, identifying the key structural and contingent causes of presidentialization within the French political system. The ambiguity ... More


The Presidentialization of Contemporary The Presidentialization of Contemporary Democratic Politics: Evidence, Democratic Politics: Evidence, Causes, and Consequences

Paul Webb and Thomas Poguntke

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Draws together the empirical material presented in the book, and concludes that the weight of evidence lies in favour of the presidentialization thesis. Thus, many systems have manifested shifts in ... More


The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Thomas Poguntke and Paul Webb (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Shows that the politics of democratic societies is moving towards a presidentialized working mode, even in the absence of formal institutional changes. These developments can be explained by a ... More


The Presidentialization of The Presidentialization of Politics in Democratic Societies: Politics in Democratic Societies: A Framework for Analysis

Thomas Poguntke and Paul Webb

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Discusses the conceptualization of the presidentialization thesis and presents a framework for analysis. It is argued that democratic political systems are coming to operate according to an ... More


The British Prime Minister: The British Prime Minister: Much More Than ‘First Among Equals’

Richard Heffernan and Paul Webb

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Reviews a wide range of evidence to demonstrate three things. First, election campaigns have become more candidate-centered, with parties offering leaders greater prominence in their election ... More


A Presidentializing Party State? A Presidentializing Party State? The Federal Republic of Germany

Thomas Poguntke

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The political process of the Federal Republic has always been characterized by two seemingly contradictory attributes. Germany was said to be a Chancellor democracy and party state at the same time. ... More


Presidentialization, Italian Style

Mauro Calise

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Italy represents, in most respects, an ideal-type for the presidentialization of the political system: the role of individual leaders has been greatly enhanced vis-à-vis their parties, while they ... More


The Presidentialization of Spanish Democracy: The Presidentialization of Spanish Democracy: Sources of Prime Ministerial Power in Sources of Prime Ministerial Power in Post‐Franco Spain

Ingrid van Biezen and Jonathan Hopkin

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Spain is a good example of a formally parliamentary regime subject to presidentializing pressures. This chapter examines the foundations of this presidentialization, focusing on three broad areas: ... More


Denmark: Presidentialization Denmark: Presidentialization in a Consensual Democracy

Karina Pedersen and Tim Knudsen

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Even though structural causes of presidentialization such as the growth of the state, the development of a modern mass media, the erosion of cleavages, and the Europeanization of politics, all exist ... More


‘President Persson’—How Did ‘President Persson’—How Did Sweden Get Him?

Nicholas Aylott

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Sweden is undoubtedly a parliamentary democracy. Indeed, many felt that the legislature had become too strong, and the executive too weak. But recently, this argument has been turned round. The ... More


Canada: Executive Dominance Canada: Executive Dominance and Presidentialization

Herman Bakvis and Steven B. Wolinetz

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster model, Canada does not qualify formally as a presidential system: The prime minister and other members of the political executive are responsible to ... More


Finland: Let the Force Be with the Finland: Let the Force Be with the Leader—But Who Is the Leader?

Heikki Paloheimo

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the early 1980s, the regime type of the Finnish political system has gradually mutated, because of the complementary processes of de-presidentialization and re-presidentialization. The former ... More


The Presidentialization The Presidentialization of Portuguese Democracy?

Marina Costa Lobo

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Analyses the extent to which Portuguese democracy has become presidentialized both politically and electorally. Several indicators are used to measure the growth of leadership autonomy within the ... More


The Semi‐Sovereign American Prince: The Semi‐Sovereign American Prince: The Dilemma of an Independent The Dilemma of an Independent President in a Presidential Government 1

Fabbrini Sergio

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the 1960s, the electoral process in America has undergone a pronounced process of personalization. Candidates for the presidency have grown increasingly independent of the traditional party ... More


Jacques Delors as Policy Entrepreneur and Ingénieur of the EMU Negotiations: Agenda‐Setting and Oiling the Wheels

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Delors policy beliefs and strategy for EMU are analysed, in particular his role as animateur and ingénieur of the negotiations. His leadership before and during the Delors Committee is seen as ... More


The European Commission: organizational capacities and staff resources

Jarle Trondal

in An Emergent European Executive Order

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579426
eISBN:
9780191722714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579426.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 2 introduces the Commission organization and personnel. The Commission is pictured as a compound system of international bureaucracy, balancing departmental, epistemic, supranational, and ... More


Leadership in the Commission

Hussein Kassim

in The European Commission of the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199599523
eISBN:
9780191751530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599523.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Due to the responsibilities entrusted to the organization under the treaties, the leadership of the Commission has attracted considerable attention. Although decisions are taken collectively by the ... More


Changing Patterns in Political Communication

Dieter Ohr

in Political Leaders and Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199259007
eISBN:
9780191803406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199259007.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the empirical basis of hypotheses on personalization and presidentialization with respect to election campaigns and the media coverage of politics. It begins by presenting some ... More


Leader Effects and the Impact of Leader Characteristics in Nine Countries

Richard Nadeau and Neil Nevitte

in Political Leaders and Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199259007
eISBN:
9780191803406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199259007.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the impact of leader characteristics, such as gender and age, on voters’ evaluations of leaders and on their vote choices. It examines data on leaders competing in national ... More


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