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Semi-Presidentialism: Sub-Types And Democratic Performance

Robert Elgie

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199585984
eISBN:
9780191729003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585984.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book examines the relationship between semi‐presidentialism and democratic performance. Semi‐presidentialism — where a constitution provides for both a directly elected president and a prime ... More


Semi‐Presidentialism and Comparative Institutional Engineering

Robert Elgie

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The focus of this chapter is the academic debate on the choice of semi‐presidentialism as an appropriate constitutional arrangement. However, it does not aim to demonstrate that semi‐presidentialism ... More


Parliamentary Democracy and Delegatio n

Kaare Strøm

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Identifies three motivations for political delegation (capacity, competence, collective action problems) and discusses agency problems and mechanisms of accountability. An ideal-typical form of ... More


Portugal: Changing Patterns of Delegation and Accountability under the President's Watchful Eye s

Octavio Amorim Neto

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Portugal’s blend of semi-presidentialism with multipartism has created a regime capable of generating a wide variety of governing solutions. This flexibility has helped consolidate one of Western ... More


Canada: Executive Dominance Canada: Executive Dominance and Presidentialization

Herman Bakvis and Steven B. Wolinetz

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster model, Canada does not qualify formally as a presidential system: The prime minister and other members of the political executive are responsible to ... More


Finland: Let the Force Be with the Finland: Let the Force Be with the Leader—But Who Is the Leader?

Heikki Paloheimo

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the early 1980s, the regime type of the Finnish political system has gradually mutated, because of the complementary processes of de-presidentialization and re-presidentialization. The former ... More


The Semi‐Sovereign American Prince: The Semi‐Sovereign American Prince: The Dilemma of an Independent The Dilemma of an Independent President in a Presidential Government 1

Fabbrini Sergio

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the 1960s, the electoral process in America has undergone a pronounced process of personalization. Candidates for the presidency have grown increasingly independent of the traditional party ... More


Federal Effects on Transitions in Russia's Republics

Jeffrey Kahn

in Federalism, Democratization, and the Rule of Law in Russia

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246991
eISBN:
9780191599606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246998.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

After Yeltsin abandoned attempts to influence the course of republican transitions from authoritarianism, few republics persevered along clearly democratic paths. This chapter examines the course ... More


Executive and Cabinet

R. A. W. Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller

in Comparing Westminster

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199563494
eISBN:
9780191722721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563494.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

This chapter asks a deceptively simple question: How do we understand the relationship between the prime minister, cabinet, and the rest of the Westminster system? It explores the dilemmas posed by ... More


Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Josep M. Colomer

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The more complex the political institutions, the more stable and socially efficient the outcomes will be. This book develops an extensive analysis of this relationship. The discussion is theoretical, ... More


Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Robert Elgie (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Semi‐presidentialism is an increasingly popular form of constitutional government. Semi‐presidential regimes can now be found in Western Europe, in Austria, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, and ... More


Power Imbalance and Institutional Interests in Russian Constitutional Engineering

Gadis Gadzhiev

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes Russia as an incomplete democracy, in which a compromise regarding constitutional engineering was never reached and important decisions regarding power‐sharing were postponed, ultimately ... More


The Politics of Semi‐Presidentialism

Robert Elgie

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Provides an introduction to the concept of semi‐presidentialism and establishes a framework for the study of the politics of semi‐presidential regimes. The first part sketches the evolution of the ... More


Austria

Wolfgang C. Müller

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the constitutional reform of 1929, Austria comes under the rubric of semi‐presidentialism as defined in this volume: alongside the chancellor (prime minister), who is fully responsible to ... More


Finland

David Arter

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Since the retirement of President Kekkonen in 1981, a process of piecemeal constitutional reform has strengthened the core concept of parliamentary government at the expense of the old ... More


France

Robert Elgie

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Constitution of the Fifth French Republic was adopted by referendum in September 1958, and this chapter explores the relationship between the president and the prime minister in that Fifth ... More


Iceland

Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The office of Icelandic president was created in 1944 to take over the functions of the Danish monarch, which were largely ceremonial at that time, and is non‐party political. Although the president ... More


Republic of Ireland

Michael Gallagher

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Irish presidency is usually seen as one of the weakest in any liberal democracy, certainly as the weakest presidency to be filled by direct election. This chapter does not argue that this ... More


Bulgaria

Venelin I. Ganev

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The semi‐presidential regime in Bulgaria is of recent origin: it was established in July 1991, when a Great National Assembly adopted a new constitution, which proclaims that ‘Bulgaria shall be a ... More


Lithuania

Dainius Urbanavicius

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Republic of Lithuania is known as a semi‐presidential state, and while it has some basic similarities with other semi‐presidential states, this chapter looks at the main peculiarities of the ... More


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