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Power‐Sharing Institutions: Executive Formation and Federalism

Benjamin Reilly

in Democracy and Diversity: Political Engineering in the Asia-Pacific

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199286874
eISBN:
9780191713156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the theory and practice of the various approaches to the sharing and dividing of governing power in the Asia-Pacific. It first looks at the broad issues of executive structure ... More


Elections and Electoral Systems in Africa

Dieter Nohlen, Michael Krennerich, and Bernhard Thibaut

in Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296454
eISBN:
9780191600036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296452.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This is a comparative introduction to elections and electoral systems in Africa. The first section is a historical overview, which points out that although elections have been an integral part of ... More


The Accountability Deficit in Latin America

Brian F. Crisp and Matthew Soberg Shugart

in Democratic Accountability in Latin America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256372
eISBN:
9780191602368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256373.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter presents accountability as an inherently vertical relationship. It discusses the conflicts between vertical accountability, horizontal exchange, and superintendence in presidential ... More


Defining the Intervening and Explanatory Variables

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the second of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book, as well as providing qualitative ... More


Institutional Engineering and Transition to Democracy

Klaus von Beyme

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Begins by pointing out that the concept of institutional engineering was not invented for the latest wave of transitions from dictatorship to democracy, but rather created for evaluating a democratic ... More


Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Margit Tavits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is about presidents in parliamentary systems. One commonly recurring political debate within parliamentary systems is over whether or not the public should directly elect the head of state. ... More


Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Andrew Reynolds

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book is one of the series Oxford Studies in Democratization, and examines electoral systems and democratization in southern Africa. The design of electoral systems and executive types is ... More


Institutional Explanations for Political Support

Pippa Norris

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Substantial cross‐national variations have been demonstrated in political support/institutional confidence; the aim of this chapter is to investigate why these major differences between countries ... More


Conclusions

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The final chapter reviews the major findings. It also discusses the practical implications of these findings reiterating that the focus of constitution designers on the election mechanism of the head ... More


The Consequences of Partisan Dealignment

Russell J. Dalton, Ian McAllister, and Martin P. Wattenberg

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assembles cross‐national data to demonstrate the behavioural consequences of partisan dealignment. Without the reinforcement of habitual party ties, more voters are waiting longer to decide for whom ... More


Institutional Engineering in Lithuania: Stability through Compromise

Nida Gelazis

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the process of adopting a new constitution in post‐communist Lithuania. The reasoning behind the quick adoption of a constitution was the urgent need to create links to Western ... More


Ghosts of Governments Past

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Indira Gandhi's Congress(I) roundly defeated the Janata Party in the elections of January 1980, but the approximately five years of her ‘second reign’ were not happy ones for the country. Neither Mrs ... More


Federalism and political asymmetry: executive versus legislative power

Cameron Ross

in Federalism and Democratisation in Russia

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719058691
eISBN:
9781781700174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719058691.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines the struggle between executive and legislative bodies of power. One of the major problems with presidential systems is that they are, ‘prone to creating two opposing centres of ... More


Electoral and Party Systems

André Blais, Shaun Bowler, and Bernard Grofman

in The United States and Canada: How Two Democracies Differ and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190870829
eISBN:
9780190909529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870829.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Comparative Politics

Electoral laws are often regarded as the key factors structuring party competition. Yet, despite having very similar electoral systems, reflecting a shared colonial legacy, the United States (U.S.) ... More


What Comes First, Character Traits or Political Assessments? An Experimental Study

Sascha Huber

in Personality Politics?: The Role of Leader Evaluations in Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199660124
eISBN:
9780191755934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660124.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Using an experimental approach, this chapter tackles the endogeneity problem of leader effects and disentangles the relationship between political and apolitical factors in the formation of judgments ... More


Leader Traits, Leader Image, and Vote Choice

Dieter Ohr and Henrik Oscarsson

in Political Leaders and Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199259007
eISBN:
9780191803406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199259007.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines whether the role of leader characteristics in parliamentary systems, where political parties are traditionally stronger, is similar to the one in a presidential system. Analyses ... More


The Institutional Approach to Political Leadership

Robert Elgie

in Good Democratic Leadership: On Prudence and Judgment in Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199683840
eISBN:
9780191763397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683840.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter deals with the question of the relative influence of different types of liberal democratic institutional arrangement on the capacities of leadership. It notes that in the ... More


The Forty-Second Amendment: Sacrificing Democracy to Power

Granville Austin

in Working a Democratic Constitution: A History of the Indian Experience

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195656107
eISBN:
9780199080397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195656107.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the Forty-second Amendment itself. It summarizes the essence of the Forty-second Amendment, the government's and critics' contention over it, and considers the puzzle of the ... More


Term Limits and Succession in Dictatorships

Natasha Ezrow

in The Politics of Presidential Term Limits

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198837404
eISBN:
9780191874109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837404.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores executive term limits in authoritarian regimes. Though it may seem counter-intuitive, authoritarian regimes often willingly implement term limits. This chapter explains why this ... More


Indonesia: A Presidential System with Checks and Balances

Nadirsyah Hosen

in Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199759880
eISBN:
9780190259921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759880.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the presidential system of Indonesia. The amendments to the 1945 Constitution have transformed the constitution from a vague and incomplete document rooted in the ... More


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