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Direct Elections or Political Opportunities? Explaining Presidential Activism

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 2 addresses the most critical issue related to selecting heads of state: the extent to which direct elections enhance presidential powers and political involvement. First, it outlines the ... More


Presidents, Parliaments, and Democracy: Insights from the Post‐Communist World

Timothy Frye

in The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246465
eISBN:
9780191600135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246467.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines how institutional features combine with other factors to exacerbate one particular threat to democracy—the expansion of presidential power. It identifies three key conditions under which ... More


Presidentialism and Democratic Performance

José Antonio Cheibub

in The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246465
eISBN:
9780191600135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246467.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Argues that the historical pattern of democratization in Latin America requires a reconsideration of the prevailing thesis that presidentialism has caused regime instability in Latin America, and of ... More


American compound democracy and its challenges: the domestic implications of global power

Sergio Fabbrini

in Compound Democracies: Why the United States and Europe Are Becoming Similar

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235612
eISBN:
9780191715686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235612.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses challenges to the compound nature of American democracy raised by the global role the country has played since the end of World War II. Topics covered include the ... More


Dimensions of Citizen Control

Kaare Strøm, Wolfgang C. Müller, Torbjörn Bergman, and Benjamin Nyblade

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Representative democracy means delegation, and delegation implies the risk of agency problems. Parliamentary democracy is a particular delegation regime, a way to structure the democratic policy ... More


Lithuania

Dainius Urbanavicius

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Republic of Lithuania is known as a semi‐presidential state, and while it has some basic similarities with other semi‐presidential states, this chapter looks at the main peculiarities of the ... More


Ukraine

Andrew Wilson

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ukraine can be said to have a semi‐presidential system insofar as it has direct presidential elections combined with a prime minister and a government answerable to both president and parliament. ... More


Beyond the Presidential Synthesis: Reordering Political Time

Julian E. Zelizer

in Governing America: The Revival of Political History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150734
eISBN:
9781400841899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150734.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter attempts to rethink how we categorize and periodize political time by focusing on liberal presidential synthesis, a framework that is centered on the rise and fall of the presidency from ... More


Portugal: Changing Patterns of Delegation and Accountability under the President's Watchful Eye s

Octavio Amorim Neto

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Portugal’s blend of semi-presidentialism with multipartism has created a regime capable of generating a wide variety of governing solutions. This flexibility has helped consolidate one of Western ... More


How Conservatives Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Presidential Power

Julian E. Zelizer

in Governing America: The Revival of Political History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150734
eISBN:
9781400841899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150734.003.0015
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines how conservatives have come to embrace presidential power after an initial wariness. Before the 1970s, there were some conservative activists skeptical of—if not downright ... More


The Powers of the President

Louis Fisher

in The Law of the Executive Branch: Presidential Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199856213
eISBN:
9780199358397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856213.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter on presidential powers first analyzes three concepts that go beyond powers expressly stated: “implied,” “inherent,” and “prerogative.” It then considers specific presidential powers, ... More


Structural Rights and the War on Terror

ASHUTOSH BHAGWAT

in The Myth of Rights: The Purposes and Limits of Constitutional Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377781
eISBN:
9780199775842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377781.003.011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The eight long years of the second Bush Administration and the War on Terror that it prosecuted have generated an extraordinary number of complex and divisive questions of constitutional law. ... More


Fundamental Concepts

Louis Fisher

in The Law of the Executive Branch: Presidential Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199856213
eISBN:
9780199358397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856213.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the following concepts: enumerated and implied powers of the three branches of government; overlapping powers; judicial misconceptions; historical framework; the British model; ... More


Vetoes and Access to Information

Louis Fisher

in The Law of the Executive Branch: Presidential Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199856213
eISBN:
9780199358397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856213.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses constitutional provisions covering the presidential veto; the pocket veto; a hybrid veto; item vetoes; signing statements; legislative vetoes; executive privilege; and employee ... More


The President and Congress

Louis Fisher

in The Law of the Executive Branch: Presidential Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199856213
eISBN:
9780199358397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856213.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines powers that routinely call for interactions between the President and Congress. These include the legislative process, appointments, independent counsels, delegation of ... More


War and the American Presidency

William G. Howell, Saul P. Jackman, and Jon C. Rogowski

in The Wartime President: Executive Influence and the Nationalizing Politics of Threat

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226048253
eISBN:
9780226048420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226048420.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter characterizes longstanding literatures in the fields of law, history, and political science on war and presidential power. After summarizing their main claims, the chapter then ... More


The Future of the American Right: Evidence and Questions from the Bush Years

Joel D. Aberbach

in Crisis of Conservatism?: The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement, and American Politics After Bush

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199764013
eISBN:
9780199897186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764013.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter uses surveys of the general public and several governmental elite groups (political appointees from the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations, congressional staffers, and member of ... More


The President and the Judiciary

Louis Fisher

in The Law of the Executive Branch: Presidential Power

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199856213
eISBN:
9780199358397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856213.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the following: the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803) which has been cited as evidence that the Supreme Court has the authority to not only strike down the acts of Presidents, ... More


Content: Constitutional Rewrites and Changes in Presidential Powers

Javier Corrales

in Fixing Democracy: How Power Asymmetries Help Explain Presidential Powers in New Constitutions, Evidence from Latin America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868895
eISBN:
9780190869380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868895.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides the broadest evidence on behalf of my power asymmetry argument. It begins by discussing my index of presidential powers (the dependent variable), which draws heavily from ... More


Substantive Accountability and Internal Checking

Heidi Kitrosser

in Reclaiming Accountability: Transparency, Executive Power, and the U.S. Constitution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226191638
eISBN:
9780226191775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226191775.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the relationship between the substantive accountability framework and internal checks on presidential power. It also describes and provides a rejoinder to unitary executive ... More


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