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“In Good Faith”: Japan Considers Constitutional Reform

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Presents the thinking of Japanese officials on constitutional reform. Convinced that the Potsdam Declaration had left the matter to the Japanese, Irie Toshio, chief of the cabinet's Legislation ... More


International Economic Integration, the Nation‐State, and Democracy: An Impossible Trinity?

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Critics of globalization argue that economic integration threatens democracy and national sovereignty by restricting the range of public goods political leaders can offer to their voters. However, ... More


The Modern City: From the Reforma-Peralvillo to the Torre Bicentenario: the Clash of ‘History’ and ‘Progress’ in the Urban Development of Modern Mexico City

DIANE E. DAVIS

in Mexico City through History and Culture

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264461
eISBN:
9780191734625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264461.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

What constitutes modern Mexico? Is there a clear distinction between the historic and modern Mexico City? And if there are, does this distinctions hold up throughout the twentieth century, when what ... More


INTERPOLATION AND DEFINABILITY IN QUANTIFIED LOGICS

D.M. Gabbay and L. Maksimova

in Interpolation and Definability: Modal and Intuitionistic Logics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198511748
eISBN:
9780191705779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198511748.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter contains a proof of Lyndon's interpolation property (LIP) for quantified extensions of basic modal logics K, T, D, K4, and S4, and for some others, including the propositional S5 has ... More


Information

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Discusses models of information. Blackwells theorem in garbling and the value of information is proved. Monotonicity of decisions in signals is considered and related to supermodularity of the ... More


Preferences, Risk, and Stochastic Dominance

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Focuses on preferences, attitude to risk and the ranking of risky returns. The state space model is discussed and related to risk aversion. First, second, and higher order stochastic dominance ... More


The Politics of “Wilderness”: The Nature/Culture Dualism Revisited

Frédérique Apffel-Marglin

in Subversive Spiritualities: How Rituals Enact the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793853
eISBN:
9780199919246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793853.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 2 begins by re-visiting the modernist nature/culture dualism. This is done at first empirically by examining the category of “wilderness” especially through the creation of nature preserves. ... More


Duties and Necessity

Penney Lewis

in Assisted Dying and Legal Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199212873
eISBN:
9780191707063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212873.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Medical Law

The defence of necessity was the route used to effectively legalize euthanasia in the Netherlands. The Dutch use of necessity focuses on the key conflict between the duty to preserve life and the ... More


People and Products That Travel

Massimo Montanari

in Italian Identity in the Kitchen, or Food and the Nation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160841
eISBN:
9780231535083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160841.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter details the advantages of the commercial movement of products. In the “gastronomic voyage in Italy” proposed by the Milanese scholar Ortensio Lando in 1548, he emphasized that in order ... More


The Elderly Patient With Heart Failure

Christopher Ward and Neil Gillespie

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0017
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter starts by discussing older patients, and by presenting the aspirations of patients with heart failure (HF) and specific age-related problems. The aetiology of HF in the elderly and the ... More


Reasoning about Permissible Sentences

Tim Maudlin

in Truth and Paradox: Solving the Riddles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247295
eISBN:
9780191601781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A second inferential system that preserves permissibility rather than truth is developed. All classical theorems are shown to be necessarily permissible to assert. The two inferential systems are ... More


Treatment uncertainty and irreversibility in medical care: implications for cost-effectiveness analysis *

Joshua Graff Zivin, Matthew Neidell, and Lauri Feldman

in The Economics of New Health Technologies: Incentives, organization, and financing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550685
eISBN:
9780191720543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550685.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses the introduction of uncertainty and irreversibility in cost-effectiveness analysis to determine optimal funding and resource allocation for medical technologies, research, and ... More


Specificity‐driven Syntactic Derivation *

Antje Lahne

in Ways of Structure Building

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199644933
eISBN:
9780191741609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644933.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Specificity is arguably one of the main basic concepts of morphological theory (Subset Principle). This chapter proposes that the concept of specificity is at work in syntax, too, and it is a much ... More


Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices

I. S. Duff, A. M. Erisman, and J. K. Reid

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198508380
eISBN:
9780191746420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508380.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices, second edition, is a complete rewrite of the first edition published 30 years ago. Much has changed since that time. Problems have grown greatly in size and ... More


Legislating Morality

James H. Johnson

in Venice Incognito: Masks in the Serene Republic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267718
eISBN:
9780520948624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267718.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the morality that is attached to masking, particularly honest masking. In Venice, honest masking marked a move from masks as being seen as a way to weigh one’s words, control ... More


Managed Speech: The Roberts Court's First Amendment

Gregory P. Magarian

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190466794
eISBN:
9780190466824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190466794.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book comprehensively explores and critiques how the current U.S. Supreme Court, under the leadership of Chief Justice John Roberts, has reshaped First Amendment free speech law. The book argues ... More


Consent and Intent: The Legal Differences in Assisted Reproductive Treatments

F. Shenfield

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

In assisted reproduction treatments, consent in writing concerning licensed treatments, i.e. the techniques covered by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990, is mandatory. This involves ... More


Amphibian Population Cycles and Long-Term Data Sets

Howard H Whiteman and Scott A Wissinger

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Although most researchers agree that many amphibian populations are declining, there is debate about how to distinguish human-induced declines from natural population fluctuations. As with many ... More


Household and City Organization at Olynthus

Nicholas Cahill

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084955
eISBN:
9780300133004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084955.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This book explains the relationships between house and city, between household and community, as they were worked out in practice at Olynthus in northern Greece. This polis was occupied for a short ... More


Harvesting Natural Resources

Emily W. B. Russell Southgate

in People and the Land through Time: Linking Ecology and History, Second Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780300225808
eISBN:
9780300249590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225808.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

People have always had to rely on hunting and gathering for food, fuel and shelter. The first evidence for possible major impact of these activities is the early Holocene extinction of most megafauna ... More


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