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Sorting Out Ethics

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is divided into three parts: in Part I, R. M. Hare offers a justification for the use of philosophy of language in the treatment of moral questions, together with an overview of his moral ... More


Natural Goodness

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot sets out a naturalistic theory of ethics, which she calls ‘natural normativity’ and which is radically opposed to the subjectivist, non‐naturalism tradition deriving from David Hume and ... More


Freedom and Reason

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Concerns the apparent antinomy between freedom and reason. Rationality appears to be a restraint on freedom, whereas freedom seems to be incompatible with rationality. Rejecting rationality to ... More


Linguistics and the New Rhetoric

Edwin L. Battistella

in Do You Make These Mistakes in English?: The Story of Sherwin Cody's Famous Language School

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195367126
eISBN:
9780199867356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367126.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

Chapter 13 examines the ways that American attitudes toward language, rhetoric and composition were evolving during Cody's time.


Neography: Unconventional Spelling in French SMS Text Messages

Jacques Anis

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The abbreviated and often nonstandard orthography and grammar used in SMS messages have provoked the ire of language purists in France. This chapter presents a systematic linguistic analysis of ... More


The Bishop's Grammar: Robert Lowth and the Rise of Prescriptivism

Ingrid Tieken-Boon van Ostade

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579273
eISBN:
9780191595219
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579273.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This book examines the life, language and grammar of Robert Lowth (1710–1787), founder of prescriptivism. Drawing on private documents, it maps his social networks and compares his own language to ... More


Bad Language: Realism versus Relativism

Edwin L. Battistella

in Bad Language: Are Some Words Better than Others?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172485
eISBN:
9780199788187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172485.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter raises some broad issues of tradition versus innovation in culture to place the discussion of realism in language into perspective. Topics covered include the meaning of the phrase, “bad ... More


Plato, Hare, and Davidson on Akrasia 1

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter argues against a principle on which Donald Davidson relies in his influential discussion of akrasia, viz: ‘If an agent judges that it would be better to do x than to do y, he wants to do ... More


Prejudice and Misconceptions

Ingrid Tieken‐Boon van Ostade

in The Bishop's Grammar: Robert Lowth and the Rise of Prescriptivism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579273
eISBN:
9780191595219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579273.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

Lowth's grammar (1762) and its ambivalent status today, caused by a lack of interest in the author and his work. The widespread view of Lowth as an icon of prescriptivism came about because grammar ... More


The Grammar and the Rise of Prescriptivism

Ingrid Tieken‐Boon van Ostade

in The Bishop's Grammar: Robert Lowth and the Rise of Prescriptivism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579273
eISBN:
9780191595219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579273.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

As a normative grammar, and with its critical footnotes, Lowth's grammar heralds the next stage in the English standardisation process. It anticipates the rise of the usage guide in the next decades ... More


Richard Mervyn Hare, 1919–2002

A. W. Price

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 124. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, III

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263204
eISBN:
9780191734205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263204.003.0007
Subject:
History, Historiography

Richard Hare's ambition was to have united elements from Aristotle, Kant and Mill in a logically cogent way that solved the fundamental problems of ethics (though with unfinished business); and he ... More


Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

By distinguishing between two different levels of moral thinking, we see how utilitarian reasoning at the critical level—enlisting the impartial sympathy for others’ predicaments, which we must have ... More


The Language of Morals

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810773
eISBN:
9780191597619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198810776.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book about ethics is, according to the author, an exercise in the logical study of the language of morals. In it, Hare presents his own brand of non‐cognitivism, generally referred to as ... More


Approval and Disapproval *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Emotivists and prescriptivists try to explain the meaning of sentences expressing moral judgements in terms of the expression of attitudes, feelings, or resolutions as these could occur in a single ... More


Rationalism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare presents his own position, a theory that incorporates all the truths of the other theories that have been discussed, together with ‘prescriptive logic’, which is what makes rationality in moral ... More


A Fresh Start?

Philippa Foot

in Natural Goodness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot criticizes G. E. Moore's anti‐naturalism and the subjectivist or non‐cognitivist theories influenced by Moore, such as emotivism, prescriptivism, and expressivism. Foot traces the roots of ... More


The Archangel and the Prole

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The relation between the two levels of moral thinking, and how we know when to think at one level and when to think at the other is best explained in terms of our use of critical thinking to select ... More


Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake ?

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot examines the moral theory known as ‘non‐cognitivism’ (a form of subjectivism). Her central thesis is that all non‐cognitivist moral theories are based on the same serious mistake. This mistake ... More


Descriptive Meaning

R. M. Hare

in Freedom and Reason

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Outlines the features of descriptive terms and judgements. The role played by descriptive meaning in moral statements is elucidated by examining the general nature of descriptivist statements and the ... More


‘Ought’ and ‘Can’

R. M. Hare

in Freedom and Reason

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses the thesis that ‘ought’ implies ‘can’. A sense in which ‘ought’ implies ‘can’ is developed in kinship to remarks by Strawson on the existential presuppositions of definite descriptions. The ... More


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