Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 62 items

  • Keywords: prescriptive x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

 Prescriptive Environmental Regulations versus Market‐Based Incentives

Jody Freeman and Charles D. Kolstad

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins with a discussion of the rationale for evaluating the performance of market instruments for environmental regulation. It then describes how the volume combined the disciplines of ... More


Iterated Deontic Modalities

Ruth Barcan Marcus

in Modalities: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096576
eISBN:
9780199833412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096576.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this paper, a confusion between evaluative and prescriptive uses of “ought” is located, and the prescriptive use of deontic operators is then recommended.


“A Small Tincture of Pyrrhonism”: Skepticism and Naturalism in Hume's Science of Man

Don Garrett

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay distinguishes varieties of skepticism along six dimensions. It argues that Hume is unmitigated in his rational support skepticism and in his prescriptive skepticism about certain “high and ... More


Demoting Higher‐Order Vagueness

Diana Raffman

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Higher-order vagueness is widely thought to be a feature of vague predicates that any adequate theory of vagueness must accommodate. It takes a variety of forms. Perhaps the most familiar is the ... More


Determined and Free

David G Myers

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter distinguishes several dimensions of the problem of free will. The descriptive project aims to characterize our everyday notions of choice and responsibility, and to discern the origins ... More


Some Functions of Collective Forgetting

Paul Connerton

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Coerced forgetting — forgetting as repressive erasure — has been a hallmark of many of the totalitarian regimes of the 20th century. However, the act of forgetting is not always negative. This ... More


Bad Grammar

Edwin L. Battistella

in Bad Language: Are Some Words Better than Others?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172485
eISBN:
9780199788187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172485.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter examines traditional grammar, attitudes toward grammar, and the correctionist approach to usage. It argues for the importance of knowing Standard English critically, analytically, and in ... More


Prejudice and Misconceptions

Ingrid Tieken‐Boon van Ostade

in The Bishop's Grammar: Robert Lowth and the Rise of Prescriptivism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579273
eISBN:
9780191595219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579273.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

Lowth's grammar (1762) and its ambivalent status today, caused by a lack of interest in the author and his work. The widespread view of Lowth as an icon of prescriptivism came about because grammar ... More


Statements about a Norm and Quoting a Norm

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0049
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

There is a possible objection to the claim that a norm has a prescriptive signification while a statement about a norm formulated in a sollen-sentence has a descriptive signification, and ... More


Rights over Flowing Water

Anthony Scott and Georgina Coustalin

in The Evolution of Resource Property Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198286035
eISBN:
9780191718410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286035.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter follows the evolution of rights to use or enjoy streams and lakes. It distinguishes legally ‘land-based’ systems from those that are ‘use-based’. Tracing the alternation or cycling of ... More


The Metaphysics of Nonfactualism *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The usual characterizations of nonfactualism are unsatisfactory. The problem partly comes from focusing on nonfactualism's special semantics instead of on the antirealist metaphysics that must ... More


Law and Tool Technology

Susan W. Brenner

in Law in an Era of “Smart” Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333480
eISBN:
9780199855353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333480.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter begins the process of tracing the historical evolution of the relationship between law and technology. It traces the development of early technologies — tool technologies — and the ... More


Laws of Nature Outlawed

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the case for an ontology of real dispositions replacing the so-called laws of nature as the basic building blocks of explanation. It considers how one might explain the ... More


Legal Positivism Defended

Matthew H. Kramer

in Where Law and Morality Meet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546138
eISBN:
9780191705434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546138.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter responds to David Dyzenhaus's critique of legal positivism. Dyzenhaus fails to attend to a number of important distinctions among different varieties of legal positivism, and he ascribes ... More


International Law and the Evolution of (domestic) Human-Rights Law in Post-1994 South Africa

Lourens du Plessis

in New Perspectives on the Divide Between National and International Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199231942
eISBN:
9780191716140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231942.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the approach to international law taken by the Constitutional Court of South Africa. It shows that the South African courts' openness to and positive disposition towards ... More


Introduction

Cedric Ryngaert

in Jurisdiction in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199544714
eISBN:
9780191719943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544714.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter presents the scope and method of this study. It is set out that this study aims at developing a rule-based framework of jurisdiction under international law, from a ... More


The Tendency of Hume's Skepticism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Philosophical Interpretations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195071627
eISBN:
9780199833221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019507162X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay provides a survey of the central role of various radically skeptical arguments in David Hume's philosophy. The discussion relies upon a distinction between theoretical skepticism and ... More


The Practice of Prescription

Lynda Mugglestone

in Talking Proper: The Rise of Accent as Social Symbol

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250622
eISBN:
9780191719486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250622.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter focuses on the actualities of speech in the late 18th and 19th centuries, though even this tends to illustrate just how omnipresent were the images and assumptions about accent and ... More


Changing Meanings, Permanent Symbols

Bruce Haynes

in The End of Early Music: A Period Performer's History of Music for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195189872
eISBN:
9780199864218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189872.003.06
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Most music in the world is communicated orally from musician to musician (that is, by ear). Western concert music is exceptional in depending on writing for transmission. If most classical musicians ... More


An Analytical Model

R. M. Hare

in The Language of Morals

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810773
eISBN:
9780191597619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198810776.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare clarifies the relation between value‐words and the imperative mood by showing how, through the combination of non‐evaluative words and the imperative mood, we can establish an artificial ... More


View: