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The Merited Response Argument

Berys Gaut

in Art, Emotion and Ethics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263219
eISBN:
9780191718854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263219.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter develops and defends the merited response argument for ethicism. Less satisfactory versions of the argument due to Hume and Noöl Carroll are criticized. The favoured version of the ... More


STRUCTURED INVERSE EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS

Moody T. Chu and Gene H. Golub

in Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566649
eISBN:
9780191718021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The feasibility conditions for a physical system often mandate specific structural stipulations on the inverse problems. This chapter focuses on eight selected structures: Jacobi matrices, Toeplitz ... More


PARTIALLY DESCRIBED INVERSE EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS

Moody T. Chu and Gene H. Golub

in Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566649
eISBN:
9780191718021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

In practice, it is often the case that only partial information on eigenvalues and eigenvectors is available. In many cases, just a few eigenpairs can determine much of the desirable reconstruction. ... More


Managing Fire

Hal K. Rothman

in Blazing Heritage: A History of Wildland Fires and National Parks

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311167
eISBN:
9780199788958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311167.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at developments of new fire management models during the 1970s and 1980s. Across the national park system, fire management planning moved to the forefront. A significant number of ... More


Eating Drugs: Psychopharmaceutical Pluralism in India

Stefan Ecks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814724767
eISBN:
9780814760307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724767.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

A Hindu monk in Calcutta refuses to take his psychotropic medications. His psychiatrist explains that just as his body needs food, the drugs are nutrition for his starved mind. Does it matter how—or ... More


The role of silviculture

David Wainhouse

in Ecological Methods in Forest Pest Management

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198505648
eISBN:
9780191728150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505648.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The management of forests can affect their vulnerability to attack by pests and pathogens, but the effects may be complex. This chapter introduces the subject by discussing the influence of the ... More


Conclusion

Tanya Stivers

in Prescribing under Pressure: Parent-Physician Conversations and Antibiotics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311150
eISBN:
9780199870837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311150.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter begins with a summary of discussions in the preceding chapters. It concludes by speculating about the issues underlying the problems of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing, particularly ... More


Greek Festivals and the Ritual Process: An Inquiry into the Olympia-cum-Heraia and the Great Dionysia

Synnøve des Bouvrie

in Greek and Roman Festivals: Content, Meaning, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696093
eISBN:
9780191745744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696093.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, Archaeology: Classical

Our knowledge of ancient festivals is rather extensive, the evidence telling much about what people were doing, but not why they were doing it, for example, in some cases the ritual process can be ... More


Measuring Human Rights: UN Indicators in Critical Perspective *

AnnJanette Rosga and Margaret L. Satterthwaite

in Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199658244
eISBN:
9780199949915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658244.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses several efforts to use indicators within the law of international human rights. It identifies the criticisms made to these efforts, and states that there is an increasing ... More


Fourteen Points for the Twenty-First Century: A Renewed Appeal for Cooperative Internationalism

Richard H. Immerman and Jeffrey A. Engel (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179001
eISBN:
9780813179018
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179001.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book is a collection of fourteen solutions for some of the twenty-first century’s greatest challenges. Each of the contributors—selected for their expertise and accomplishments in fields as ... More


Logging the Forests to Save Them

Sara E. Jensen and Guy R. McPherson

in Living with Fire: Fire Ecology and Policy for the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255890
eISBN:
9780520942516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255890.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the shift in fire policy adopted by the United States at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It describes the Healthy Forests Initiative, a policy that advocates fuel ... More


Tools for Living with Fire

Sara E. Jensen and Guy R. McPherson

in Living with Fire: Fire Ecology and Policy for the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255890
eISBN:
9780520942516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255890.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter defines a new set of goals for fire management: protection of human life, maintenance and restoration of native biological diversity, and protection of private property from fire. It ... More


Pregnancy prescribing of psychotropic drugs: Keeping pace in a contemporary landscape

Kathryn M. Abel

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0009
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Pregnant women and their fetuses are more likely than ever to be exposed to antipsychotic medications; perhaps to the newer agents in particular. Drugs ... More


Administration of Oral Medication

Fiona Creed

in Nursing OSCEs: A Complete Guide to Exam Success

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693580
eISBN:
9780191918414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693580.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Medication administration is a key skill and it is vital that you are able to demonstrate safety in all aspects of the medication administration process in ... More


The Role of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) in Addressing the Opioid Overdose Epidemic

Grant Baldwin, Jan L. Losby, Wesley M. Sargent, Jamie Mells, and Sarah Bacon

in A Public Health Guide to Ending the Opioid Epidemic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190056810
eISBN:
9780190056841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056810.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are secure, online, state-based databases that contain information about controlled substance prescriptions written by clinicians and dispensed by ... More


Antimicrobial Stewardship

Sarfaraz Ameen and Caoimhe NicFhogartaigh

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0028
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is a healthcare- system- wide approach to promoting and monitoring the judicious use of antimicrobials (including ... More


Sepsis—Recognition, Diagnosis, and Management in Adult Patients

Mark Melzer

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0032
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Sepsis is defined as life- threatening organ dysfunction caused by a detrimental host response to infection. Septic shock is a subset of sepsis in which ... More


Information and Evidence: Sources and Evaluation

Graham Brack, Penny Franklin, and Jill Caldwell

in Medicines management for nursing practice: Pharmacology, patient safety, and procedures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697878
eISBN:
9780191918490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697878.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

By the end of this chapter, you should understand… ● The range of possible sources of information about medicines ● Their positive and negative characteristics ● Some ... More


Culture and Outgroup Altruism

Pearl M. Oliner

in Saving the Forsaken: Religious Culture and the Rescue of Jews in Nazi Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100631
eISBN:
9780300130409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100631.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter offers some final thoughts on the relationships between religious culture and outgroup altruism. It suggests that collectivist culture is more predisposed towards outward altruism ... More


Primary Topic Article: A Virtue Ethics Analysis of Disclosure Requirements and Financial Incentives as Responses to Conflicts of Interest in Physician Prescribing

Justin Oakley

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0093
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This article argues that virtue ethics provides a deeper and more compelling analysis of the ethical problems raised by conflicts of interest in physician prescribing than do other ethical ... More


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