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Property Dualism, Phenomenal Concepts, and the Semantic Premise

Stephen L. White

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter defends the property dualism argument. The term “semantic premise” mentioned is used to refers to an assumption identified by Brian Loar that antiphysicalist arguments, such as the ... More


Talking politics: perils and promise

Robert E. Goodin

in Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199547944
eISBN:
9780191720116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547944.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

In its recent ‘deliberative’ turn, democratic theory has forgotten a conventional wisdom, once widely appreciated, that there is much in politics that is better not discussed. This chapter catalogues ... More


THE MANAGEMENT OF UNCERTAINTY: ORGANIZATIONS AS DECISION-MAKING SYSTEMS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Depending on the degree of goal uncertainty and procedural uncertainty, organizational decision making may follow the bounded rationality model, process model, political model, or anarchic model. ... More


Being Good and Being Goodfor Someone

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter states some premises about the relationship that consists in something's being good for someone and its opposite (something's being bad for someone). First, that there are these two ... More


Fragmenting Hominins and the Presencing of Early Palaeolithic Social Worlds

John Chapman and Bisserka Gaydarska

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter introduces the fragmentation premise — the idea that the deliberate breakage of a complete object and the re-use of the resultant fragments as new and separate objects ‘after the break’ ... More


Downs Meets the Press: How Party Systems Shape the News

Matthew A. Baum and Philip B. K. Potter

in War and Democratic Constraint: How the Public Influences Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164984
eISBN:
9781400866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164984.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the validity of the “Downsian Premise,” which states that democratic multiparty systems tend to engender political coverage that is more diverse, more policy-centric, and more ... More


Spectrum Arguments: Objections and Replies

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 2 through 5 presented various Spectrum Arguments which revealed an inconsistency between certain standard views regarding how to make trade-offs between different alternatives along a ... More


Aristotle On The Role Of The Predicables In Dialectical Disputations

Marja‐Liisa Kakkuri‐Knuuttila and Miira Tuominen

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Topics I 8 Aristotle argues that all dialectical problems and premises involve the predicables: definition, peculiar property, genus, differentia, or accident. This claim of exhaustiveness is ... More


Beware of Syllogism: Statistical Reasoning and Conjecturing According to Peirce

Isaac Levi

in Pragmatism and Inquiry: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199698134
eISBN:
9780191742323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698134.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

In 1865 and 1866, Peirce appealed to Aristotle’s proposal that an inductive inference be understood as a transformation of a categorical syllogism by permuting the major premise and the conclusion ... More


What Must and Can Must and Can Mean *

Angelika Kratzer

in Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234684
eISBN:
9780191738432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234684.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter presents an account of the meaning of “must” and “can” that relies on general principles for reasoning from premise sets. Premise sets can be inconsistent, so the account has to allow for ... More


Social Theory after the Holocaust

Robert Fine and Charles Turner (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239659
eISBN:
9781846314087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846314087
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This collection of essays explores the character and quality of the Holocaust's impact and the abiding legacy it has left for social theory. The premise which informs the contributions is that, ten ... More


Telecommunications Services and Equipment

Eli M. Noam

in Media Ownership and Concentration in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195188523
eISBN:
9780199852574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188523.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines market concentration trends in the telecommunications industry in the United States. The overall concentration trend of the telecom sector has been strongly U-shaped; this ... More


Judgment Aggregation *

Christian List and Clemens Puppe

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter surveys the recent and fast‐growing literature on the aggregation of logically interrelated propositions, following List and Pettit's formalization of the “doctrinal paradox”. The ... More


Introduction: Individuation across Cultures:The Blind Spot of Postcolonial Theory

Esha Niyogi De

in Empire, Media, and the Autonomous Woman: A Feminist Critique of Postcolonial Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072553
eISBN:
9780199080915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072553.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This introductory chapter examines the postcolonial and subaltern theoretical models of agency, which are founded on a position against Enlightenment individualism. The chapter studies a few Western ... More


Chapter 4

Wael B. Hallaq

in Ibn Taymiyya Against the Greek Logicians

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240433
eISBN:
9780191680175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240433.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The point covered in this chapter is the fourth and the enigmatic one which has to do with the logicians' doctrine that syllogism or demonstration leads to the certain knowledge of judgements. The ... More


Broad Originalism

Sotirios A. Barber and James E. Fleming

in Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195328578
eISBN:
9780199855339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328578.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Broad originalists seek a middle way between narrow or concrete originalism and abstract originalism or the philosophic approach. They agree that concrete originalism is, for various theoretical and ... More


Purposive Explanation

L. JONATHAN COHEN

in An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

While folk-psychological explanations about human behaviour are commonly believed to be rooted on presenting desires and beliefs to be combined, these in contrast reveal relevant combinations of what ... More


Resolving the Access Problem

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter deals with the second of the three problems facing epistemological disjunctivism: the access problem. It starts by stating The Access Problem: (AP1) S can know by reflection alone that ... More


The Practice

Nick Bosanquet and Chris Salisbury

in General Practice under the National Health Service, 1948–1997: The First Fifty Years

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206750
eISBN:
9780191677304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206750.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the changes in activities, staffing, finances, and premises under the three policy regimes that have shaped the local strategy and response of family doctors in general ... More


Aristotle on Acrasia

A. W. Price

in Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609611
eISBN:
9780191731846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Since Aristotle follows Plato in recognizing the existence of irrational desires, we might expect him to recognize the reality of ‘hard acrasia’, wherein an agent does what he knows or judges to be ... More


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