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How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Peter S. Wells

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The peoples who inhabited Europe during the two millennia before the Roman conquests had established urban centers, large-scale production of goods such as pottery and iron tools, a money economy, ... More


India an Archaeological History: Palaeolithic Beginnings to Early Historic Foundations

Dilip Chakrabarti

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780198064121
eISBN:
9780199080519
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198064121.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

The increased pace of archaeological research in recent decades has provided a connected account of the history of prehistoric and early historic India primarily on the basis of archaeology. This ... More


Of Monsters and Flowers

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter first discusses the new style of imagery and ornament that emerged during the fifth century BC. The new style has been the source of endless controversy since the latter half of the ... More


The Visual Worlds of Early Europe

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter discusses the visual world of late prehistoric Europe. It first uses Teniers's painting of the interior of an inn at the beginning of the chapter in order to introduce the topic of light ... More


Frame, Focus, Visualization

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter first discusses the concept of the frame and how it helps us to understand the visual patterning of space in late prehistoric Europe. Frames, whether they are wooden picture frames that ... More


Pottery: The Visual Ecology of the Everyday

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter analyzes the pottery of late prehistoric Europe. Jars, bowls, and cups were the three main categories of pottery vessels that were in use in the Early Bronze Age. Bowls and cups were ... More


Attraction and Enchantment: Fibulae

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter is devoted to fibulae, which are clothing pins that operated on the same principle as the modern safety pin. The style of fibulae changed relatively rapidly throughout the Bronze and ... More


Status and Violence: Swords and Scabbards

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter focuses on sword and scabbards. Swords were important visual objects, larger than most other objects in Bronze and Iron Age Europe, and their shape made them visually striking. Two parts ... More


Arranging Spaces: Objects in Graves

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter analyzes the arrangement of objects in grave in late prehistoric Europe. Graves provide direct views onto how people arranged objects so as to make those objects visually meaningful to ... More


Performances: Objects and Bodies in Motion

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter deals with performances, which refer specifically to actions that people carried out in social contexts—“with an audience” and with their material culture. To be a performance, an action ... More


New Media in the Late Iron Age: Coins and Writing

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter analyzes coins and writing in late prehistoric Europe. The development of coinage in temperate Europe and the first regular signs of writing are innovations that share some important ... More


Changing Patterns in Objects and in Perception

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The preceding chapters examined three categories of objects—pottery, fibulae, and swords with their scabbards—and two ways of manipulating objects—arrangements in graves and performances involving ... More


Contacts, Commerce, and the Dynamics of New Visual Patterns

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter discusses the extent to which communities in temperate Europe became increasingly integrated into the larger world of the Mediterranean basin and beyond, and how the process of ... More


The Visuality of Objects, Past and Present

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter argues that the “Roman conquest” of parts of temperate Europe was not as all-changing as most history books would suggest. The idea of a “Roman Europe,” in the sense of European ... More


The Lost Woodlands of Ancient Nasca: A Case-study in Ecological and Cultural Collapse

David Beresford-Jones

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264768
eISBN:
9780191754005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264768.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book presents an archaeological case of prehistoric human environmental impact: a study of ecological and cultural change from the arid south coast of Peru, beginning around 750 bc and ... More


The Archaeology of Group Size

Matt Grove

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter aims to summarize the results of recent research producing estimates of hominin range areas, population sizes, and land use patterns based on archaeological data. Estimates of such ... More


Archaeological models and Asian Indo-Europeans

J. P. Mallory

in Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262856
eISBN:
9780191753961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262856.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Archaeological attempts to discern prehistoric linguistic dispersals are packaged in a variety of models that must all rest on at least one assumption: the archaeological record in some form or ... More


Conclusion

Jonathan S. Friedlaender

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter summarizes the major findings of the book and discusses the remaining contradictions, the problems of interpretation, and the road forward. The pervasive diversity of ... More


Rimsky-Korsakov, Snegurochka, and Populism

Emily Frey

in Rimsky-Korsakov and His World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182711
eISBN:
9780691185514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182711.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter looks at Rimsky-Korsakov's Snegurochka (The Snow Maiden) in the political context of the era, namely within a particular branch of 1870s populism that extolled “harmonious communal ... More


Ancestral Human Society

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the notion that humans became cooperative because in our ancestral environments we interacted frequently with the same group of close kin, among whom tit-for-tat and other ... More


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