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Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Silvia A. Bunge and Jonathan D. Wallis (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A fundamental question facing neuroscience is how complex behavior is controlled. This book brings together a number of leading cognitive and systems neuroscientists focusing on this question. ... More


 Spatial Decisions and Neuronal Activity in Hippocampal Projection Zones in Prefrontal Cortex and Striatum

Francesco P. Battaglia, Adrien Peyrache, Mehdi Khamassi, and Sidney I. Wiener

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents a brief overview of the neural representations in the rat prefrontal cortex and striatum in spatial tasks. While both structures appear to be strongly affected by position ... More


The neurology of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data from a range of disciplines and, in particular, the comparison of lesion effects with those of anti-anxiety drugs. It presents an essentially two-dimensional picture of the ... More


Modulation of Autonomic Function by the Cerebral Cortex

Anthony J. M. Verberne

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the role of the cerebral cortex in the control of autonomic function. Prefrontal and insular cortical regions are key components of the cortical pathways that are recruited ... More


The Human Frontal Lobes: Transcending the Default Mode through Contingent Encoding

M.-Marsel Mesulam

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter sets the stage for the rest of the book, presenting anatomical and clinical distinctions that serve as organizational and memory “hooks” for reading many of the other chapters. It ... More


Cognitive and Motivational Functions of the Human Prefrontal Cortex

Jared X. Van Snellenberg and Tor D. Wager

in Luria's Legacy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195176704
eISBN:
9780199864706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176704.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The decades since Luria's seminal work in neuropsychology have brought tremendous advances in the understanding of prefrontal cortex (PFC) function. This chapter reviews meta-analytic, functional ... More


 Ventrolateral and Medial Frontal Contributions to Decision‐Making and Action Selection

Matthew F. S. Rushworth, Paula L. Croxson, Mark J. Buckley, and Mark E. Walton

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Recent research on action selection suggests that a useful distinction may be drawn between two systems centered on the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (PFv) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). The ... More


Prefrontal Cortex: The Present and the Future

Robert T. Knight and Donald T. Stuss

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0034
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews the current neuropsychological and physiological evidence linking lateral and orbital prefrontal cortex (PFC) to human cognition and social interchange in an attempt to provide a ... More


The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book provides an updated theory of the nature of anxiety and the brain systems controlling anxiety, combined with a theory of hippocampal function, which was first proposed thirty years ago. ... More


Working Memory and the Prefrontal Cortex

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Working memory is an elaboration short term memory, the capacity to hold items briefly in consciousness and then repeat or identify them, and involves the important addition of mental “work”, that ... More


Dopamine’s Influence on Prefrontal Cortical Cognition: Actions and Circuits in Behaving Primates

Amy F.T. Arnsten, Susheel Vijayraghavan, Min Wang, Nao J. Gamo, and Constantinos D. Paspalas

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes current knowledge of dopamine (DA) and DA receptor localization in primate prefrontal cortex (PFC), and the powerful influences of DA on PFC physiology and cognitive function. ... More


Executive processes

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents what is known about the anatomy and function of the executive processes to provide a better understanding of them. The discussion covers the sensory and mnemonic representations ... More


 The Neurophysiology of Abstract Response Strategies

Aldo Genovesio and Steven P. Wise

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In traditional animal learning theory, stimuli, responses, and outcomes determine an animal's behavior. But how can animals, or people, for that matter, make decisions regarding stimuli they have ... More


Working with Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter first summarizes the anatomy of the prefrontal cortex. It then reviews the functional role of the prefrontal cortex, including a consideration of whether it is involved in memory per se ... More


Physiology of Executive Functions: The Perception-Action Cycle

Joaquín M. Fuster

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the executive functions of the prefrontal cortex against the background of its position in the neocortical map of cognitive representations. It attempts to place prefrontal ... More


Executive Functions

Jordan Grafman

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter shows that key higher-level cognitive functions known as the executive functions are strongly associated with the human prefrontal cortex (HPFC). It argues that an important way to ... More


 Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Modulation of Two Distinct Forms of Flexible Cognitive Control: Attentional Set‐Shifting and Reversal Learning

Angela C. Roberts

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Dopamine and serotonin have been implicated in a wide variety of cognitive and emotional control processes. This chapter reviews the evidence that these two neuromodulators differentially regulate ... More


Architectonic structure of the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex

Joseph L. Price

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter describes the structural organization of the orbital cortex (OFC), together with the medial prefrontal cortex. It reviews previous areal maps of this cortex, and provides a description of ... More


 Neural Representations Used to Specify Action

Silvia A. Bunge and Michael J. Souza

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

To understand how humans use rules to determine actions, it is critical to learn more about how they select responses on the basis of associations in long‐term memory. This chapter discusses what has ... More


Working with Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195141740
eISBN:
9780199865741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins by summarizing the anatomy of the prefrontal cortex. It then reviews the functional role of the prefrontal cortex, including a consideration of whether the prefrontal area is ... More


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