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Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects

Wolfgang C. Müller

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Austria has a complex list PR system in which seats are distributed at three levels: regional, land, and national. At the regional and land levels, electors can either vote for a party in general or ... More


The Netherlands: The Sanctity of Proportionality

Rudy B. Andeweg

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Under the Dutch electoral system, voters can only express a choice for an individual candidate, and these votes are treated as a choice for a particular party. The parties do not encourage preference ... More


Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

Lieven De Winter

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Belgium’s list PR system was reformed to enhance voters’ influence over which party candidates are elected. Belgium’s extreme party fragmentation (the largest party has only 15 per cent) has been ... More


The Low Countries: From ‘Prime Minister’ The Low Countries: From ‘Prime Minister’ to President‐Minister

Stefaan Fiers and André Krouwel

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Historically, both Belgium and the Netherlands are archetypes of ‘consociational democracies’. These are characterized by broad multi-party coalitions, numerous power-sharing devices, and fragile ... More


The Netherlands: Rules and Mores in Delegation and Accountability Relationships

Arco Timmermans and Rudy B. Andeweg

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The interposition of political parties as key actors is the most striking deviation from the ideal-type delegation chain in the Netherlands. The electoral system does not produce a real relationship ... More


Running to the Right: Effects of Campaign Strategy on Mass Opinion and Behavior

Diana Mutz and Susanna Dilliplane

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on the occasion of Republican John McCain's selection of Sarah Palin as a vice-presidential running mate because this event signaled to many voters an abrupt change in McCain's ... More


Personalization and Election Results

Alan Renwick and Jean-Benoit Pilet

in Faces on the Ballot: The Personalization of Electoral Systems in Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199685042
eISBN:
9780191765346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685042.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins the book’s analysis of the effects of personalizing electoral reforms. It does so by focusing on the most proximate potential effects of these reforms: on the nature of the votes ... More


Crisis Perceptions and Economic Voting Among the Rich and the Poor: The United Kingdom and Germany

Raymond M. Duch and Iñaki Sagarzazu

in Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter leverages extensive survey data collected during the 2008-2010 period in order to understand whether individuals, from different economic circumstances and who might have been ... More


Campaign Contributions and Partisan Vote Choice

Daron R. Shaw, Brian E. Roberts, and Mijeong Baek

in The Appearance of Corruption: Testing the Supreme Court's Assumptions about Campaign Finance Reform

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780197548417
eISBN:
9780197550397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197548417.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 6 investigates the effects of campaign finance information on partisan (candidate) vote choice, a separate interest advanced by the Buckley Court in the context of campaign finance disclosure ... More


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