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Initial Equality

Colin M. Macleod

in Liberalism, Justice, and Markets: A Critique of Liberal Equality

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293972
eISBN:
9780191599798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293976.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines Dworkin's claim that what justice requires by way of an initial distribution of resources can be established by considering the operation of an ideal market. The special auction device used ... More


Autonomy and the Foundations of Contemporary Liberalism

Meira Levinson

in The Demands of Liberal Education

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250448
eISBN:
9780191599750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250448.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Discusses contemporary liberalism's meaning, character, and justification. Section 1.1 argues that three constitutive commitments define contemporary liberalism and distinguish it from other ... More


Partisan Ambivalence and Preference Formation: Experimental and Survey Evidence

Howard G. Lavine, Christopher D. Johnston, and Marco R. Steenbergen

in The Ambivalent Partisan: How Critical Loyalty Promotes Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199772759
eISBN:
9780199979622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772759.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Chapter 4 provides an initial test of the model utilizing both experimental and survey-based methods. Two studies are reported in which partisan ambivalence itself is experimentally manipulated ... More


How did the Decisions Come About?

Patrick Fournier, Henk van der Kolk, R. Kenneth Carty, André Blais, and Jonathan Rose

in When Citizens Decide: Lessons from Citizen Assemblies on Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199567843
eISBN:
9780191728655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567843.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

During a long deliberative process, opinion stability is unlikely. This chapter documents the path taken by assembly members' views on electoral systems. It ascertains when preferences emerged, ... More


A Theory of Polarization in Authoritarian Regimes

Elizabeth R. Nugent

in After Repression: How Polarization Derails Democratic Transition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691203058
eISBN:
9780691203072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203058.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents the book's argument in detail. It begins by reviewing existing work on three central concepts: polarization, preference formation, and repression. The chapter also highlights ... More


Preference Formation, Social Location and Ideology

Keith Dowding

in Rational Choice and Political Power

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206333
eISBN:
9781529206371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206333.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines how preferences are formed and how this preference-formation process can be determined by an individual’s social location and the ideology of their society. Simple desires ... More


The New Intergovernmentalism and the Study of European Integration

Christopher J. Bickerton, Dermot Hodson, and Uwe Puetter

in The New Intergovernmentalism: States and Supranational Actors in the Post-Maastricht Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198703617
eISBN:
9780191772665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703617.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The new intergovernmentalism is a novel theoretical framework for the study of European integration in the post-Maastricht era. European Union activity has increased since 1992 in ways that existing ... More


The Achilles Heel of Post-War European Integration: Endogenous Preference Formation and the Boundaries of Creditor-State Power

Kenneth Dyson

in States, Debt, and Power: 'Saints' and 'Sinners' in European History and Integration

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198714071
eISBN:
9780191782558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714071.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the formalization of creditor-debtor state relations in post-1945 Europe within the early framework of the Bretton Woods system. It looks in depth at the European Payments ... More


Economic Vulnerability, Self-Interest, and Individual Trade Preferences

Alexandra Guisinger

in American Opinion on Trade: Preferences without Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190651824
eISBN:
9780190651862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651824.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 4 provides an original explanation both for why women and minorities are more likely to express protectionist sentiments and for why those protectionist sentiments are not reflected in their ... More


How Policy Paradigms Change

Joel Rast

in The Origins of the Dual City: Housing, Race, and Redevelopment in Twentieth-Century Chicago

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226661445
eISBN:
9780226661612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226661612.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Social scientists generally explain political behavior through interest-based explanations. In this perspective, actors are said to behave the way they do because it is in their interests to do so. ... More


What Regular People Think

Josh Pacewicz

in Partisans and Partners: The Politics of the Post-Keynesian Society

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226402550
eISBN:
9780226402727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226402727.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how community changes impact residents’ political reasoning and develops a new typology of contemporary American voters. The chapter characterizes the book’s findings as indicative ... More


Community and Trade Preferences

Alexandra Guisinger

in American Opinion on Trade: Preferences without Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190651824
eISBN:
9780190651862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651824.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes the impact on trade preference of two aspects of a community that, according to the model of preference formation proposed, influence individuals’ information-gathering costs: ... More


Conclusions: The Post-Maastricht Period and Beyond

Christopher J. Bickerton, Dermot Hodson, and Uwe Puetter

in The New Intergovernmentalism: States and Supranational Actors in the Post-Maastricht Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198703617
eISBN:
9780191772665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703617.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter summarizes the key themes of this volume and reflects on future avenues of research regarding the new intergovernmentalism. It considers whether and how the preceding chapters speak to ... More


Politics Embedded in Community Governance: The Community Leadership Party

Josh Pacewicz

in Partisans and Partners: The Politics of the Post-Keynesian Society

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226402550
eISBN:
9780226402727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226402727.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how traditional community leaders’ political engagement resulted in politics embedded in community governance: organizational and ideological overlap between community institutions ... More


Introduction

Taylor St John

in The Rise of Investor-State Arbitration: Politics, Law, and Unintended Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198789918
eISBN:
9780191831553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789918.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter sets out the puzzle: what explains the rise of investor–state arbitration? It defines the rise of investor–state arbitration as one process with two phases: the creation of the ICSID ... More


Analyzing Sources of Adaptation

Robyn Klingler-Vidra

in The Venture Capital State: The Silicon Valley Model in East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501723377
eISBN:
9781501723384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501723377.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter Seven analyzes the findings of the empirical investigations of Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. The critical finding is that domestically-rooted norms are central to states’ distinct learning ... More


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