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About 17 (+/−2) Potential Principles about Links between the Innate Mind and Culture: Preadaptation, Predispositions, Preferences, Pathways, and Domains

Paul Rozin

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Innate and cultural programming act to a large degree by creating predispositions, rather than fixed outcomes. Predispositions vary in different domains of life. There are both innate and cultural ... More


Towards a synthesis

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews discussions in the preceding chapters. These include memory defects resulting from lesions of the brain, particularly the medial temporal lobe and parts of the diencephalons of ... More


Engendering the Brain

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter presents a synthesis of the discussions in the preceding chapters. Gonadal hormone influences on human brain development and human behavior, and the implications of hormonal influences ... More


Mobilising the Intangible Hand

Geoffrey Brennan and Philip Pettit

in The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199246489
eISBN:
9780191601460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246483.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This final chapter illustrates ways in which the intangible hand might be made to work for good, nurturing socially desirable norms and weakening socially undesirable ones. It will work for good so ... More


Sex Differences in Children’s Play

Sheri A. Berenbaum, Carol Lynn Martin, Laura D. Hanish, Phillip T. Briggs, and Richard A. Fabes

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Sex differences in play have led many scholars to suggest that boys and girls grow up and live in separate cultures. The differences have considerable significance for mental health, social ... More


Epidemiology of venous thromboembolism

Aneel A. Ashrani and John A. Heit

in Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter looks at the epidemiology or health-event patterns associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). It explains that VTE, comprising deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), ... More


The Language of Bribery Cases

Roger W. Shuy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945139
eISBN:
9780199345922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945139.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The Language of Bribery Cases describes ten bribery-related court cases for which Roger W. Shuy served as an expert language witness. The cases described include the bribery or alleged ... More


How (Some) Criminals Are Made

Theodore Y. Blumoff

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Some kids have bad luck. Consider abused kids. It is a brute sociological fact that they tend to become abusers themselves. Bad luck it is when children are the unfortunate victims of poor antecedent ... More


Intracranial Neoplasms

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.14
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the taxonomy of primary brain tumors, with a focus on gliomas, meningiomas, and grading systems for these tumors. It discusses methodological challenges for ... More


Biological Foundations of Sexual Orientation

Alexander K. Hill, Khytam Dawood, and David A. Puts

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores possible causes of sexual orientation. In recent decades there has been a profusion of research into both proximate and ultimate causes underlying variation in sexual ... More


Transformational Design

Alan Doyle, Julius Lanoil, and Kenneth J. Dudek

in Fountain House: Creating Community in Mental Health Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157100
eISBN:
9780231535991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157100.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses the transformational design employed by John Beard in the construction of a new building for the Fountain House. The term transformational in this context focuses on the ... More


The biochemical basis of migraine predisposition

Vivette Glover and Merton Sandler

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses some aspects of the biochemistry of migraine predisposition, and indicate how some of the initiating factors may interact with the central monoamine systems. Professor Lance ... More


Imprinting, predispositions, and filial preference in the chick

M. H. Johnson and J. J. Bolhuis

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents evidence that the formation of filial preference in the domestic chick is the result of exposure to a particular conspicuous object and of the development of a specific ... More


Musical Predispositions in Infancy: an Update

Sandra E. Trehub

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter provides an update of musical predispositions in infancy. It starts by uncovering musical predispositions. It specifically discusses the relational processing of pitch and duration, ... More


Intuitive parenting: a hidden source of musical stimulation in infancy

Mechthild Papoušek

in Musical Beginnings: Origins and Development of Musical Competence

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523321
eISBN:
9780191688881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523321.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Formal musical training is given even to children as young as two years of age and has proven to be quite effective with the majority. Training at an early age has also been said to be helpful in the ... More


The Language of Murder Cases: Intentionality, Predisposition, and Voluntariness

Roger W. Shuy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199354832
eISBN:
9780199398454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354832.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The Language of Murder Cases describes fifteen court cases for which Roger Shuy served as an expert language witness and explains the issues at stake in those cases for lawyers and ... More


Deceptive Ambiguity by Police and Prosecutors

Roger W. Shuy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190669898
eISBN:
9780190669928
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190669898.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Much is written about how criminal suspects, defendants, and undercover targets use ambiguous language in their interactions with police, prosecutors, and undercover agents. This book examines the ... More


Lord Byron: the apostle of affliction

Kay Redfield Jamison

in Genius and the Mind: Studies of Creativity and Temperament

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523734
eISBN:
9780191688997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523734.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on how manic-depressive dispositions in the life of George Lord Byron influenced his poetic creative genius. Even though mobility and mutability of temperament are often tied to ... More


* Understanding well-being in the evolutionary context of brain development

Eric B. Keverne

in The Science of Well-Being

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198567523
eISBN:
9780191693670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the idea that early life events may create certain predispositions that impact on a person's well-being later on in life. The implications of an extended postnatal development ... More


Predispositions in perceptual and cognitive development

Mark H. Johnson and Johan J. Bolhuis

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence from animals and humans on the role of predispositions in perceptual development. In particular, it focuses in detail on two related examples of predispositions, early ... More


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