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The Model-Based Approach

Raymond L. Chambers and Robert G. Clark

in An Introduction to Model-Based Survey Sampling with Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780198566625
eISBN:
9780191738449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566625.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The model-based (or prediction) approach to sample survey inference is described. Population values of variables of interest are assumed to be generated by a stochastic model, the so-called ... More


Time Integration Schemes

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on time integration schemes, including fourth-order accurate Runge–Kutta and predictor-corrector schemes as well as schemes that allow larger time steps (and therefore fewer ... More


Generalizations

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter considers the typical modes of generalization used in the qualitative and quantitative research traditions. Generalization can be descriptive or causal. A descriptive generalization ... More


Data Sources, Variables, and Data Collection Procedures

Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, A. Chris Downs, Diana J. English, James White, and Kirk O'Brien

in What Works in Foster Care?: Key Components of Success From the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195175912
eISBN:
9780199865628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175912.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses the two means of data collection (case record reviews and interviews); the description of study variables, predictors, and outcomes; and the response rate, the handling of ... More


Predictors of family status

Margret Fine-Davis

in Changing Gender Roles and Attitudes to Family Formation in Ireland

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096969
eISBN:
9781526115362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096969.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Throughout the study we compared single people with cohabiting and married people and saw that they differed on a range of variables from attitudes to gender roles and family formation, to social ... More


Children Who Do Not Want to Disclose

Kathleen Coulborn Faller

in Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Non-disclosing children continue to challenge interviewers of sexual abuse cases, but there has been less progress in developing techniques for assisting them than disclosing children, in part ... More


Housework class characteristics

Shannon N. Davis and Theodore N. Greenstein

in Why Who Cleans Counts: What Housework Tells Us about American Family Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447336747
eISBN:
9781447336792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336747.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Chapter 5 describes each of the classes documented in the book (Ultra-traditional, Traditional, Transitional Husbands, Egalitarian, and Egalitarian High Workload) based upon couple and individual ... More


Homogeneous Populations

Raymond L. Chambers and Robert G. Clark

in An Introduction to Model-Based Survey Sampling with Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780198566625
eISBN:
9780191738449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566625.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes the simplest possible model for a finite population: the homogeneous population model. It is appropriate when there is no auxiliary information that can distinguish between ... More


Delay-Adaptive Linear Control

Yang Zhu and Miroslav Krstic

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691202549
eISBN:
9780691203317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691202549.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Actuator and sensor delays are among the most common dynamic phenomena in engineering practice, and when disregarded, they render controlled systems unstable. Over the past sixty years, predictor ... More


Prediction for Small Areas

Raymond L. Chambers and Robert G. Clark

in An Introduction to Model-Based Survey Sampling with Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780198566625
eISBN:
9780191738449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566625.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Prediction for small areas introduces an important application of sample survey inference, where domain sample sizes are too small to allow domain-specific inference. Typically, these domains are ... More


Extending the Cox Regression Model

Judith D. Singer and John B. Willett

in Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195152968
eISBN:
9780199864980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by describing how to include time-varying predictors in the Cox regression model. It then introduces two methods for relaxing the proportionality assumption. Section 15.2 presents ... More


Predictors of ideal and expected family size

Margret Fine-Davis

in Changing Gender Roles and Attitudes to Family Formation in Ireland

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096969
eISBN:
9781526115362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096969.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Ireland’s fertility rate has decreased by 50% from an average of four children per woman to just two over the last 40 years. While it currently has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe, this ... More


Do not group quantitative variables

Bendix Carstensen

in Epidemiology with R

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198841326
eISBN:
9780191876936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841326.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter explores the problems caused by categorizing quantitative variables (here termed continuous variables). Optimum decisions are made by applying a utility function to a predicted value. At ... More


Buffers and predictors of mental health problems among unemployed young women in countries with different breadwinner models

Ilse Julkunen and Ira Malmberg-heimonen

in Youth unemployment and social exclusion in Europe: A comparative study

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343680
eISBN:
9781447304388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343680.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines young women's experiences of unemployment in Finland, Sweden, Germany and Spain. It describes how different predictors and buffers affect mental health in different countries. ... More


Parametrization and prediction of rates

Bendix Carstensen

in Epidemiology with R

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198841326
eISBN:
9780191876936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841326.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of parametrizing quantitative covariate effects, that is, describing how variables (covariates) influence the outcome variable, be that disease odds, rates, or some ... More


Predictors and Correlates of Criminal Trajectory Groups

David M. Day and Margit Wiesner

in Criminal Trajectories: A Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479880058
eISBN:
9781479888276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479880058.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the literature on developmental predictors and correlates of high-rate-chronic offense trajectories identified in trajectory studies. A number of studies have identified that a ... More


Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder over the life course

Jessica Agnew-Blais and Larry J. Seidman

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects ~3–6% of the school-age population in the USA. Symptoms of ADHD have been found to be relatively consistent from childhood through adolescence, ... More


A Fading Flame

Paul Kléber Monod

in Solomon's Secret Arts: The Occult in the Age of Enlightenment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300123586
eISBN:
9780300195392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300123586.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter describes occult philosophy's state of decline, which translated to fewer works on alchemy, less respect for astrology, and the virtual disappearance of ritual magic among the educated. ... More


The time-dependent Kohn–Sham scheme

Carsten A. Ullrich

in Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory: Concepts and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563029
eISBN:
9780191775130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563029.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the time-dependent Kohn-Sham scheme. The first section shows how an interacting time-dependent many-body system can be replaced by an auxiliary noninteracting system which ... More


Rules of Democracy

Stephen E. Gottlieb

in Unfit for Democracy: The Roberts Court and the Breakdown of American Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780814732427
eISBN:
9780814732434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732427.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Without adherence to due process, democracies are vulnerable to intimidation. Democracies break down when outcomes are controlled by gerrymandering, denial of voting rights, and other requirements of ... More


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