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Evaluating Model Performance and Significance

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes a framework for selecting appropriate strategies for evaluating model performance and significance. It begins with a review of key concepts, focusing on how primary occurrence ... More


Introduction to Applications

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an introduction to various applications of correlative approaches used in ecological niche modeling, along with the theoretical principles on which the applications are based. ... More


Mortality Risk Assessment and Prognostication

Maral Ouzounian, Jack V. Tu, Peter C. Austin, and Douglas S. Lee

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0021
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter summarizes the available clinical methods for mortality risk assessment and prognostication in heart failure (HF). It begins by introducing the risk assessment and prognostication using ... More


Call for Pragmatic Computational Psychiatry: Integrating Computational Approaches and Risk-Prediction Models and Disposing of Causality

Martin P. Paulus, Crane Huang, and Katia M. Harlé

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Biological psychiatry is at an impasse. Despite several decades of intense research, few, if any, biological parameters have contributed to a significant improvement in the life of a psychiatric ... More


The Course to Death in Heart Failure

Jeffrey Teuteberg and Winifred G Teuteberg

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter begins by considering the mode of death in patients with heart failure (HF). Death from progressive systolic HF is discussed. Prediction models have been developed to assist in risk ... More


Prediction Model of Brain and Consciousness

Georg Northoff

in The Spontaneous Brain: From the Mind-Body to the World-Brain Problem

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262038072
eISBN:
9780262346962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262038072.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Is the prediction model of brain relevant for consciousness? The prediction model of brain is based on predictive coding that focuses on contents as associated with stimulus-induced activity. ... More


A decision-by-sampling account of decision under risk

Neil Stewart and Keith Simpson

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines a possible extension of Stewart et al.'s (2006) decision by sampling theory, to account for how people integrate probability and value information in considering ‘gambles’. The ... More


Multivariate Pattern Analysis of fMRI Data: High-Dimensional Spaces for Neural and Cognitive Representations

James V. Haxby

in Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014021
eISBN:
9780262265850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014021.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter focuses on the approaches to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data analysis. It sketches the difference between the univariate analysis of fMRI data based on a general linear ... More


Is Our Brain an Open or Closed System? Prediction Model of Brain and World–Brain Relation

Georg Northoff

in The Spontaneous Brain: From the Mind-Body to the World-Brain Problem

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780262038072
eISBN:
9780262346962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262038072.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Some recent philosophical discussions consider whether the brain is best understood as an open or closed system. This issue has major epistemic consequences akin to the scepticism engendered by the ... More


Digital healthcare public health

Martin Gulliford, Edmund Jessop, and Lucy Yardley

in Healthcare Public Health: Improving health services through population science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198837206
eISBN:
9780191873966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837206.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

New digital technologies are having important impacts on the practice of public health and the organization and delivery of healthcare. Developments in information technology ensure that public ... More


Cannabinoid Pharmacokinetics and Disposition in Alternative Matrices

Marilyn A. Huestis and Michael L. Smith

in Handbook of Cannabis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199662685
eISBN:
9780191787560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662685.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Knowledge of cannabinoid pharmacokinetics and cannabinoid disposition into biological fluids and tissues is essential to understanding the onset, magnitude, and duration of cannabinoid ... More


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