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Prediction Error Minimization, Mental and Developmental Disorder, and Statistical Theories of Consciousness

Jakob Hohwy

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Jakob Hohwy seeks to recover an approach to consciousness from a general theory of brain function, namely the prediction error minimization theory. The way this theory applies to mental and ... More


Dissociating encoding of attention, errors, and value in outcome-related neural activity: (Tutorial Review)

Matthew R. Roesch and Geoffrey Schoenbaum

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In numerous brain areas, neuronal activity varies according to reward predictability. In many of these areas this activity is thought to represent errors in reward prediction, as has been described ... More


Prediction error minimization

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The central mechanism for hierarchical perceptual inference is prediction on the basis of internal, generative models, revision of model parameters, and minimization of prediction error. This is the ... More


Learning

Robert A. Rescorla, Anthony Dickinson, Elizabeth A. Phelps, and Steve E. Petersen

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concept of learning. The first chapter argues that learning is a pre-theoretical, possibly even a pre-scientific, concept. The second discusses three concepts ... More


Learning to Make Accurate Predictions

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter considers some very simple learning problems to make accurate predictions. It reviews the least mean squared (LMS) algorithm. It shows that internal model is simply a link between motor ... More


How Could We Get Nosology from Computation?

Christoph Mathys

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatry has found it difficult to develop a nosology that allows for the targeted treatment of disorders of the mind. This article sets out a possible way forward: harnessing systems theory to ... More


Learning Faster

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter presents some useful ideas on how to encourage the process of learning. It illustrates that speeding up learning can occur if the learner becomes more sensitive to prediction errors. ... More


Concluding remarks: The mind in prediction

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief concluding section summarizes the main points that have emerged from considering the predictive mind. The mind exists in prediction. Our perceptual experience of the world arises in our ... More


The Predictive Mind

Jakob Hohwy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A new theory is taking hold in neuroscience. The theory is increasingly being used to interpret and drive experimental and theoretical studies, and it is finding its way into many other domains of ... More


Prediction, Agency, and Body Ownership

Jakob Hohwy

in The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034326
eISBN:
9780262333290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The idea that the brain is an organ for prediction error minimization is becoming increasingly influential. Since this idea posits action as playing a central role, it has the potential to reveal new ... More


The somatic error hypothesis of anxiety

Sahib S. Khalsa and Justin S. Feinstein

in The Interoceptive Mind: From Homeostasis to Awareness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811930
eISBN:
9780191850080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A regulatory battle for control ensues in the central nervous system following a mismatch between the current physiological state of an organism as mapped in viscerosensory brain regions and the ... More


Predictive Coding and Social and Vegetative Statistics

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter proposes that the three different statistics, social, vegetative, and natural, are matched and compared with each other; this results in what the theory of predictive coding describes as ... More


Introduction

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The idea that prediction error minimization is the central principle for the brain is introduced, the central argument in the book is described, and its three main parts are set out. Part 1 describes ... More


Reward-Dependent Learning

Andreas Heinz

in A New Understanding of Mental Disorders: Computational Models for Dimensional Psychiatry

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036894
eISBN:
9780262342841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036894.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In the third chapter, reward dependent instrumental learning and its computational modelling is explained. Reward prediction errors are encoded by phasic dopamine release and specific paradigms ... More


There Are No Killer Apps but Connecting Neural Activity to Behavior through Computation Is Still a Good Idea

P. Read Montague

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The quest to understand the relationship between neural activity and behavior has been ongoing for well over a hundred years. Although research based on the stimulus-and-response approach to ... More


From Revolution to Evolution

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

in Evolving Enactivism: Basic Minds Meet Content

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036115
eISBN:
9780262339773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036115.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 3 introduces the contours of REC’s positive program for relating to and allying with other major theories of cognition. In these efforts it aims to provide analyses and arguments designed to ... More


Experienced Wholeness: Integrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing

Wanja Wiese

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262036993
eISBN:
9780262343275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The unity of the experienced world and the experienced self have puzzled humanity for centuries. How can we understand this and related types of phenomenal (i.e., experienced) unity? This book ... More


Orbitofrontal cortex output pathways: cingulate cortex, basal ganglia, and dopamine

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198845997
eISBN:
9780191881237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845997.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The medial orbitofrontal cortex projects reward-related information to the pregenual cingulate cortex, and the lateral orbitofrontal cortex projects punishment and non-reward information to the ... More


The Freedom to Choose and Drug Addiction

P. Read Montague

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Montague proposes a computational model to understand addiction. His key idea is a special kind of reward prediction error signal in addicts. In his comments, Yaffe discusses what Montague's work on ... More


Allostasis, interoception, and the free energy principle: Feeling our way forward

Andrew W. Corcoran and Jakob Hohwy

in The Interoceptive Mind: From Homeostasis to Awareness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811930
eISBN:
9780191850080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Interoceptive processing is commonly understood in terms of the monitoring and representation of the body’s current physiological (i.e. homeostatic) status, with aversive sensory experiences encoding ... More


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