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Making Sense of Emergence

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Making Sense of Emergence” is a survey‐analysis‐critique of the concept of emergence and the doctrines associated with emergentism, focusing on the works of British emergentists, Samuel Alexander, ... More


Prediction and Knowledge

Ted Honderich

in Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between conditional predictability and simple predictability is not sharp but remains to be important to draw. If something is predictable, predictable in fact or in practice, it can ... More


Discovering Biodiversity

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the conceptual basis of using ecological niche modeling for discovering new elements of biodiversity. More specifically, it examines the use of ecological niche models to guide ... More


Certainty and Predictability

Irit Mevorach

in Insolvency within Multinational Enterprise Groups

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199544721
eISBN:
9780191705564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544721.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter focuses on the possibility of the approach proposed in previous chapters to generate certain and predictable rules. It starts by demonstrating problems of unpredictability when applying ... More


Quasiclassical Realms

Jim Hartle

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The most striking observable feature of our indeterministic quantum universe is the wide range of time, place, and scale on which the deterministic laws of classical physics hold to an excellent ... More


Is the Stock Market Safer for Long‐Term Investors?

John Y. Campbell and Luis M. Viceira

in Strategic Asset Allocation: Portfolio Choice for Long-Term Investors

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296942
eISBN:
9780191596049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296940.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Explores optimal investment strategies when both riskless interest rates and risk premia change over time in ways that can be described by a vector autoregressive (VAR) model. In this situation, a ... More


Fair and Equitable Treatment, the Rule of Law, and Comparative Public Law

Stephan W. Schill

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses fair and equitable treatment as one of the core concepts of international investment protection. It suggests that the jurisprudence of investment tribunals on fair and ... More


The Value of Clarity

Murray Gleeson

in Tom Bingham and the Transformation of the Law: A Liber Amicorum

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566181
eISBN:
9780191705458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566181.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter offers some reflections, from an Australian perspective, on the importance which English commercial law places upon certainty and predictability, and it relates it to some recent ... More


Chaos, Culture, and Evolution: The Configuration of Organization

Keith Grint

in Fuzzy Management: Contemporary Ideas and Practices at Work

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775003
eISBN:
9780191695346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775003.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

Although organizational change proves to be an unavoidable element of contemporary management, managers have certain techniques for strategically responding to fashions and fads. This chapter ... More


Budget Reform and the Medium Term Expenditure Framework

Martin Brownbridge, Giulio Federico, and Florence Kuteesa

in Uganda's Economic Reforms: Insider Accounts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556229
eISBN:
9780191721823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556229.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The initial budget reforms from 1992, aimed at establishing macroeconomic stability and credibility of the budget, focused on the short term. This chapter shows how, once these immediate targets were ... More


Second-Best Justice: The Virtues of Japanese Private Law

J. Mark Ramseyer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226281995
eISBN:
9780226282046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226282046.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Japanese people file few lawsuits. They do not file few suits because the Japanese culture discourages them from asserting their claims(After all, they do assert their claims.). Neither do Japanese ... More


The Psychology of the Supreme Court

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195306040
eISBN:
9780199894093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306040.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

With the media spotlight on the recent developments concerning the Supreme Court, more and more people have become increasingly interested in the highest court in the land. Who are the justices that ... More


Predictability and Convention

Brad Hooker

in Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers whether rule‐consequentialism is undermined by the unpredictability of the consequences of whole codes of rules. Argues that, where we can calculate that some alternative is better than the ... More


Conclusion

J. Mark Ramseyer

in Second-Best Justice: The Virtues of Japanese Private Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226281995
eISBN:
9780226282046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226282046.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Japanese file few suits. They file few suits because they so readily settle their claims out of court. That they can settle reflects the predictability of the litigated outcome, and that ... More


Randomness

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter examines randomness and how it applies (or does not) in both abstract mathematics and in physical systems. There are many different ways in which a sequence of events could be said to be ... More


Is ‘Protectionism’ a Useful Concept for Company Law and Foreign Investment Policy? An EU Perspective

Crispin Waymouth

in Company Law and Economic Protectionism: New Challenges to European Integration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591459
eISBN:
9780191595578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591459.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter examines the term ‘protectionism’ and whether it is possible to apply it meaningfully to company law and foreign investment policy. After looking at the various definitions of ... More


Duration illusions and predictability

David M. Eagleman

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes a hypothesis which holds that the subjective duration assigned to a stimulus reflects the magnitude of the neural response to the stimulus. It evaluates whether attention alone ... More


The Problems of Education are not Genetic

Ken Richardson

in Genes, Brains, and Human Potential: The Science and Ideology of Intelligence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231178426
eISBN:
9780231543767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178426.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Chapter 11 brings a similar perspective to bear on schooling and education. It explains how what is defined as ability in schools consists largely of (a) informal attributions based on social class ... More


Uncertainty and predictability: the niches of migrants and nomads

Niclas Jonzén, Endre Knudsen, Robert D. Holt, and Bernt‐Erik Sæther

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Animal movement is a general strategy for dealing with environmental variability, but takes on a variety of forms according to life history constraints and environmental covariates. This chapter ... More


On Knowing and Being Known in the 4-Month Origins of Disorganized Attachment: An Emerging Presymbolic Theory of Mind

Beatrice Beebe, Sara Markese, Lorraine Bahrick, Frank Lachmann, Karen Buck, Henian Chen, Patricia Cohen, Howard Andrews, and Joseph Jaffe

in Agency and Joint Attention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199988341
eISBN:
9780199346295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988341.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A microanalysis of 4-month mother–infant face-to-face interaction was used to predict 12-month infant attachment classifications of disorganized (N = 17) versus secure (N = 47) in a community sample. ... More


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