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Introduction

Thomas J. McKay

in Plural Predication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the codification, interpretation, and development of first-order logic. It then argues that first-order logic should be extended to allow ... More


Events and Semantic Architecture

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199244300
eISBN:
9780191714153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244300.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book articulates and defends a simple conception of semantic composition: when two meaningful expressions are concatenated, the result is understood as a conjunction of monadic predicates; in ... More


Truth and Words

Gary Ebbs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book explains how to define a disquotational truth predicate that we are directly licensed to apply not only to our own sentences as we use them now, but also to other speakers' sentences and ... More


Understanding Truth

Scott Soames

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195123357
eISBN:
9780199872114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195123352.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Understanding Truth aims to illuminate the notion of truth, and the role it plays in our ordinary thought, as well as in our logical, philosophical, and scientific theories. Part 1 is ... More


From an Ontological Point of View

John Heil

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Implicit in much contemporary philosophy is a Picture Theory of language according to which we can ‘read off’ features of the world from features of our ways of talking about the world. Predicates ... More


Quantification and its Discontents

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The chapter focuses on quantification as it figures in standard versions of the predicate calculus. These versions are straightforwardly reductive in that non-singular sentences must be re-cast into ... More


Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Timothy McCarthy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Attempts to offer a response to Quine's arguments for the indeterminacy of reference and translation by developing an original theory of radical interpretation, i.e. the project of characterising ... More


Formal Ontology and Logical Syntax

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Traditional formal logic as developed by Fred Sommers is compared and contrasted with the modern quantified predicate logic that we owe to Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell; the latter is argued to ... More


Properties, Modes, and Universals

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between properties and predicates, and how best to draw the distinction between universals and particulars are discussed. The notion that properties are most aptly characterized as ... More


The Status of Natural Properties

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the case for natural properties made by David Lewis. Section 5.1 looks at the role such properties play in Lewis’s system. Section 5.2 sets out his reasons for believing in ... More


Truthmaking, Necessity, and Essential Dependence

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of truthmaking is examined. A distinction is drawn between formal ontological predicates — which should not be taken to denote elements of being — and other predicates, with ‘is true’, ... More


The Verbal Complex in Romance: A Case Study in Grammatical Interfaces

Paola Monachesi

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274758
eISBN:
9780191705908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274758.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book explores the interface between syntax and the other components of the grammar, particularly phonology, morphology, and argument structure. It contains case studies, on subjects such as ... More


The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Mark Donohue and Søren Wichmann (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Semantic alignment refers to a type of language that has two means of morphosyntactically encoding the arguments of intransitive predicates, typically treating these as an agent or as a patient of a ... More


Three‐Dimensionalist Supervenience

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops a three-dimensionalist account of temporal supervenience — the temporal-regions account — and argues that the latter shares the main virtues and avoids the main drawbacks of its ... More


Preliminaries

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter characterizes essentialism, and distinguishes essentialism about individuals from essentialism about natural kinds, arguing that the first does, but the second need not, involve de re ... More


Non‐Finite Complementation

Nikolas Gisborne

in The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is concerned with the non‐finite complementation of hear‐class verbs in structures such as we saw her cross the road. These structures present a number of theoretical challenges which ... More


Chapter 12: Modal Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle now turns his attention to assertions involving the ideas of necessity and possibility, and examines how they should be arranged into their correct contradictory pairs. Here, he argues, the ... More


Chapter 4: Phrases and Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle moves on to define longer utterances, distinguishing those, which possess truth‐value, from those such as prayers, which do not. Also, no single word can be an assertion, since an assertion ... More


THE VIRTUES OF CRACKED REASONING

Mark Wilson

in Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199269259
eISBN:
9780191710155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269259.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Drawing upon the rich experience gathered within applied mathematics, various ‘facade patterns’ are examined that frequently develop when an originating usage enlarges its descriptive scope through ... More


THE : Context Sensitivity

Thomas J. McKay

in Plural Predication

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the significance of the context sensitivity of definite descriptions (singular and plural) and suggests some ways of understanding it. It argues that many uses of definite ... More


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