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Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Alex Córdoba-Aguilar (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This book is a collection of nineteen chapters where summaries of major ecological and evolutionary questions have been asked and responded using dragonflies and damselflies as study subjects. Each ... More


Adaptive Diversification Due to Predator-Prey Interactions

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses adaptive diversification due to predator–prey interactions. It has long been recognized that consumption, that is, predation, can not only exert strong selection pressure on ... More


Trophic dynamics of communities

Herman A. Verhoef and Han Olff

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although much of the attention to the trophic dynamics of communities is theoretical, empirical data on the different types of dynamics and the underlying mechanisms are increasingly reported. The ... More


Size-based analyses of aquatic food webs

Simon Jennings

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents size-based analyses of aquatic food webs, where body size rather than species identity is the principle descriptor of an individual's role in the food web, provides insights ... More


Evading predators

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Trinidadian guppies provided one of the first experimental demonstrations that predators have a significant impact on behaviour and morphology. This chapter begins with a brief general introduction ... More


Predator–prey interactions

Michael B. Bonsall and Michael P. Hassell

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Predation is a widespread population process that has evolved many times within the metazoa. It can affect the distribution, abundance, and dynamics of species in ... More


The importance of body size, abundance, and food-web structure for ecosystem functioning

Mark C. Emmerson

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Hundreds of plant and animal species co-exist in marine ecosystems. More than 150 years ago, Charles Darwin recognised explicitly the importance of species interactions by invoking the concept of a ... More


Size Spectrum Theory

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter follows the size-structure of the entire marine ecosystem. It shows how the Sheldon spectrum emerges from predator–prey interactions and the limitations that physics and physiology place ... More


Is biodiversity maintained by food-web complexity?—the adaptive food-web hypothesis

Michio Kondoh

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

How do diverse species coexist in the complex networks of prey-predator interactions in nature? While most theoretical models predict that complex food webs do not persist, recent empirical studies ... More


Community Structure

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with an outline of mathematical approaches for evaluating how genotypes/phenotypes might alter community structure, which points to predictions about when such effects should be ... More


Great Whales as Prey Using Demography and Bioenergetics to Infer Interactions in Marine Mammal Communities

DANIEL F. DOAK, TERRIE M. WILLIAMS, and JAMES A. ESTES

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

One way to address big-scale problems and processes is to use small-scale data to construct and test mechanistic models of events at higher levels of organization and at larger spatial scales. Even ... More


Introduction

Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg

in How Species Interact: Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913831
eISBN:
9780190267902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913831.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter discusses the development of the study of predator-prey interactions. It outlines some of the popular population models applied in the study of population dynamics and ... More


Predator-Prey Interaction in an Auditory World

John M. Ratcliffe (ed.)

in Cognitive Ecology II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226169354
eISBN:
9780226169378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169378.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter reviews the historically well-studied system of bats and moths. This classic model system focuses on the auditory domain used by bats to detect insects and by many moths to attempt to ... More


Community Effects of Fishing

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter uses the community model to repeat many of the classic impact calculations of a single stock on the entire community. Here, a focus is the appearance of trophic cascades initiated by the ... More


Moose in the Wilderness: The Instability of Populations

Daniel B. Botkin

in The Moon in the Nautilus Shell: Discordant Harmonies Reconsidered

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913916
eISBN:
9780190267919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913916.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the moose and their wilderness ecosystem at Isle Royale, an island of the Great Lakes located in the northwest of Lake Superior. It first considers the migration of moose ... More


Organisms and their Interactions

Karen J. Esler, Anna L. Jacobsen, and R. Brandon Pratt

in The Biology of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198739135
eISBN:
9780191802218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739135.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Both animal and plant species exhibit adaptive traits related to features of mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs). For plants, the seasonality of the MTC has been an important factor in the evolution ... More


Plant population dynamics

Michael J. Crawley

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Plants exhibit an extraordinary range of sizes and generation times, from single-celled algae with body sizes of the order of 5 mm and generation times of the order of ... More


Demography and reproduction

R. M. M. Crawford

in Tundra-Taiga Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199559404
eISBN:
9780191810053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199559404.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the resilience of arctic biota to climatic fluctuations and disturbance. The ability to repair decimated populations by sexual reproduction or, as in the case with plants, also ... More


Risk-taking behaviour as a central concept in evolutionary biology

Anders Pape Møller

in The World at Our Fingertips: A Multidisciplinary Exploration of Peripersonal Space

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198851738
eISBN:
9780191886461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851738.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Predation is a common cause of mortality, having resulted in the evolution of a diverse kind of anti-predator behaviour across the animal kingdom. One such key behaviour is flight initiation distance ... More


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