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Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Alex Córdoba-Aguilar (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This book is a collection of nineteen chapters where summaries of major ecological and evolutionary questions have been asked and responded using dragonflies and damselflies as study subjects. Each ... More


Is biodiversity maintained by food-web complexity?—the adaptive food-web hypothesis

Michio Kondoh

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

How do diverse species coexist in the complex networks of prey-predator interactions in nature? While most theoretical models predict that complex food webs do not persist, recent empirical studies ... More


Food webs in lakes—seasonal dynamics and the impact of climate variability

Dietmar Straile

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Studies on lakes provide some of the most complete investigations on the structure, dynamics, and energetics of food webs encompassing organisms from bacteria to vertebrates. The life cycle of ... More


Size-based analyses of aquatic food webs

Simon Jennings

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents size-based analyses of aquatic food webs, where body size rather than species identity is the principle descriptor of an individual's role in the food web, provides insights ... More


Adaptive Diversification Due to Predator-Prey Interactions

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses adaptive diversification due to predator–prey interactions. It has long been recognized that consumption, that is, predation, can not only exert strong selection pressure on ... More


PREDATOR—PREY INTERACTIONS AND THE PERIOD OF CYCLING

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In order to appreciate fully the advantages of the inertial view of population growth, it is necessary to discuss some of the details of and debates about the predator-prey account of population ... More


Trophic dynamics of communities

Herman A. Verhoef and Han Olff

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Although much of the attention to the trophic dynamics of communities is theoretical, empirical data on the different types of dynamics and the underlying mechanisms are increasingly reported. The ... More


Evading predators

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Trinidadian guppies provided one of the first experimental demonstrations that predators have a significant impact on behaviour and morphology. This chapter begins with a brief general introduction ... More


Predator Ecology: Evolutionary Ecology of the Functional Response

John P. DeLong

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192895509
eISBN:
9780191914980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895509.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Predator-prey interactions form an essential part of ecological communities, determining the flow of energy from autotrophs to top predators. The rate of predation is a key regulator of that energy ... More


Two‐species interaction processes

Eric Renshaw

in Stochastic Population Processes: Analysis, Approximations, Simulations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199575312
eISBN:
9780191728778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575312.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter derives specific results for the bivariate logistic process in the contexts of competition, and predator-prey and epidemic processes. Here minor modifications to the transition rates ... More


Great Whales as Prey Using Demography and Bioenergetics to Infer Interactions in Marine Mammal Communities

DANIEL F. DOAK, TERRIE M. WILLIAMS, and JAMES A. ESTES

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

One way to address big-scale problems and processes is to use small-scale data to construct and test mechanistic models of events at higher levels of organization and at larger spatial scales. Even ... More


Whales and Whaling in the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea Oceanographic Insights and Ecosystem Impacts

ALAN M. SPRINGER, GUS B. VAN VLIET, JOHN F. PIATT, and ERIC M. DANNER

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Did the removal of megatons of upper-trophic-level consumers significantly alter food-web dynamics by removing significant levels of predatory controls over prey populations, removing an important ... More


Introduction

Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg

in How Species Interact: Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199913831
eISBN:
9780190267902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199913831.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This introductory chapter discusses the development of the study of predator-prey interactions. It outlines some of the popular population models applied in the study of population dynamics and ... More


Size Spectrum Theory

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter follows the size-structure of the entire marine ecosystem. It shows how the Sheldon spectrum emerges from predator–prey interactions and the limitations that physics and physiology place ... More


Community Effects of Fishing

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter uses the community model to repeat many of the classic impact calculations of a single stock on the entire community. Here, a focus is the appearance of trophic cascades initiated by the ... More


Landscape Effects on Community Structure and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecological communities consist of species that interact to varying degrees within the same geographical area, and so by definition exist within a landscape context. This chapter begins by reviewing ... More


Arms Races, Coevolution, and Diversification

Martin Stevens

in Sensory Ecology, Behaviour, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199601776
eISBN:
9780191774782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601776.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Interactions between species or groups of organisms, both cooperative and antagonistic, can be powerful generators of biological diversity. This chapter focuses on two key driving forces: arms races ... More


Community Structure

Andrew P. Hendry

in Eco-evolutionary Dynamics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691145433
eISBN:
9781400883080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145433.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with an outline of mathematical approaches for evaluating how genotypes/phenotypes might alter community structure, which points to predictions about when such effects should be ... More


The importance of body size, abundance, and food-web structure for ecosystem functioning

Mark C. Emmerson

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Hundreds of plant and animal species co-exist in marine ecosystems. More than 150 years ago, Charles Darwin recognised explicitly the importance of species interactions by invoking the concept of a ... More


The fundamentals of predator–prey interactions

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter introduces the concept of the consumer-resource link, the idea that each species in a community consumes resources and is itself consumed by other species. The consumer–resource link is ... More


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