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Shareholder Value as Context for Investor Engagement

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Shareholder value provides the rationale, incentive, and justification for investor engagement. The chapter outlines the basic concepts of shareholder value, its preconditions, and the reasons for ... More


What We Are Responsible for

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 3 moves on from the question of why responsibility matters to that of what we are responsible for. It asks what a political, rather than a metaphysical, account of responsibility demands in terms ... More


Wavelet-Galerkin Methods

Karsten Urban

in Wavelet Methods for Elliptic Partial Differential Equations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198526056
eISBN:
9780191712340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526056.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Finance

Using wavelets as basis for the test and trial spaces of a Galerkin method allows an optimal preconditioning of the stiffness matrix. It is proven that a diagonal scaling provides such a ... More


Discrimination after stimulus exposure

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter continues the discussion of animal discrimination learning, concentrating on the effects produced by giving the animals prior exposure to the stimuli to be discriminated. The experiments ... More


Portugal: From Broad Strategic Pacts to Policy-Specific Agreements

Maria da Paz Campos Lima and Reinhard Naumann

in Social Pacts in Europe: Emergence, Evolution, and Institutionalization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199590742
eISBN:
9780191728891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590742.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

Chapter 7 assesses the Portuguese experience. Over the last twenty-five years, Portugal has produced seventeen tripartite social pacts that have varied in terms of signatories, scope, and the ... More


Principled Agents?: The Political Economy of Good Government

Timothy Besley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199283910
eISBN:
9780191700279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283910.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

What is good government? Why do some governments fail? How do you implement political accountability in practice? What incentives do you need to put in place to ensure that politicians and public ... More


The Audit Explosion

Michael Power

in The Audit Society: Rituals of Verification

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296034
eISBN:
9780191685187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296034.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the audit explosion in the UK. It also addresses a model of the demand for auditing. Audit is an idea as much as it is a concrete technical practice and there is no communal ... More


Preconditions for Interdisciplinary Research

Julie Thompson Klein and Alan L. Porter

in International Research Management

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062526
eISBN:
9780199854905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062526.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

Despite the constructive effects of a strong theoretical and conceptual basis for interdisciplinary research (IDR), no generally accepted framework has been formulated. Because of this, scholars have ... More


The Justification of Fundamental Rights

David Bilchitz

in Poverty and Fundamental Rights: The Justification and Enforcement of Socio-economic Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552160
eISBN:
9780191709456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552160.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter considers how we can move from an account of the fundamental interests of sentient beings to an account of their having fundamental rights to have these interests protected. After ... More


When the Party’s Over: The Politics of Fiscal Squeeze in Perspective

Christopher Hood, David Heald, and Rozana Himaz (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265734
eISBN:
9780191771941
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265734.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book develops a framework for analysing the politics of ‘fiscal squeeze,’ defined as political effort to cut spending and increase taxes to correct the public finances—a theme which has ... More


Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: the Conditions of Success and Failure in Federations

Michael Burgess

in In Search of the Federal Spirit: New Comparative Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199606238
eISBN:
9780191752476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606238.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

The chapter builds upon the previous surveys of the five federal theorists by taking from their work those aspects that can be utilised for the purpose of constructing a new set of conditions or ... More


Politics In and After Fiscal Squeeze

David Heald, Rozana Himaz, and Christopher Hood

in When the Party’s Over: The Politics of Fiscal Squeeze in Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265734
eISBN:
9780191771941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265734.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines what nine cases of fiscal squeeze in different democracies can reveal about the politics of austerity, combining overall quantitative comparisons with a set of qualitative ... More


Comparing Fiscal Squeezes Across Nine Country Cases

Rozana Himaz and Christopher Hood

in When the Party’s Over: The Politics of Fiscal Squeeze in Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265734
eISBN:
9780191771941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265734.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter offers a systematic quantitative comparison of the nine country cases examined in the book. It uses reported spending and tax data to compare the depth and duration of those squeezes, ... More


Matriarchal Myth in the Late Nineteenth Century: Why Then? Why Not Before?

Eller Cynthia

in Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory, 1861-1900

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248595
eISBN:
9780520948556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248595.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the matriarchal myth in the late nineteenth century, first discussing the preconditions surrounding the development of the myth. The final part of the chapter shows that the ... More


Thales' Trite Observation

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Medicine in the Eastern Mediterranean emerged against the backdrop of a historically older healing. Medicine in the Eastern Mediterranean needed as a precondition science, an idea that there are ... More


The Hereditary Agreement of 1511

Tom Scott

in The Swiss and their Neighbours, 1460-1560: Between Accommodation and Aggression

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198725275
eISBN:
9780191792618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198725275.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Verdicts on the Swiss War now agree that it was a local conflict which spun out of control. In its aftermath the Confederation reached its final composition, with the admission of Basel and ... More


Processes Basic to Learning and Reinforcement: A New Perspective

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter focuses on the processes basic to learning and reinforcement. It discusses how some stimuli are naturally salient and how the salience of stimuli can be altered by experience. It ... More


Solution of Discrete Navier–Stokes Problems

Howard C. Elman, David J. Silvester, and Andrew J. Wathen

in Finite Elements and Fast Iterative Solvers: with Applications in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199678792
eISBN:
9780191780745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678792.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter concerns iterative methods for solution of the discrete Navier–Stokes equations. The emphasis is on preconditioning methods tailored to the structure of the linearized differential ... More


Solution of discrete Poisson problems

A. M. Stuart and E. Söli

in Finite Elements and Fast Iterative Solvers: with Applications in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199678792
eISBN:
9780191780745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678792.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter concerns iterative methods for solution of discrete convection-diffusion equations. It discusses Krylov subspace methods, principally the generalized minimum residual method, together ... More


Optimization with PDE Constraints

Howard C. Elman, David J. Silvester, and Andrew J. Wathen

in Finite Elements and Fast Iterative Solvers: with Applications in Incompressible Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199678792
eISBN:
9780191780745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678792.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter is an introduction to techniques of optimization with constraints defined by partial differential equations. It discusses optimization and discretization methods together with solution ... More


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