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Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in the climate of tropical forest regions

Yadvinder Malhi and James Wright

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter presents an analysis of the mean climate and climatic trends of tropical rainforest regions over the period 1960-98, with the aid of climatological databases. Since the mid-1970s all ... More


‘She asked for it’

Caroline Blyth

in The Narrative of Rape in Genesis 34: Interpreting Dinah's Silence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589456
eISBN:
9780191594571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589456.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter focuses on the myth of rape victim precipitation, which suggests that rape victims may be to blame for their own rape. After considering the ramifications of this myth for contemporary ... More


Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O'Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Societies have long turned to experts for advice on controversial matters, but in the past, the arrangements to solicit expert advice were largely ad hoc. In recent years we have witnessed the ... More


PRECIPITATION STRENGTHENING

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Discrete obstacles, particularly in the form of precipitates of second phases with coherent or incoherent interfaces, dispersed crystalline or glassy nano-scale particles, and aggregates of point ... More


PROPAGATION OF CHEMICAL CHANGE

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the propagation of chemical reactions. Topics covered include attack by a gas on a solid, the kinetics of crystal growth, polycondensation reactions, periodic precipitation, ... More


Introduction

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Deserts are defined by their arid conditions. Biologists have long seen deserts as laboratories of nature, where natural selection is exposed at its most extreme. Generations of scientists have ... More


Abiotic factors

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There are a number of abiotic factors that have important impacts on the desert environment. Clearly, the most important of these is rainfall or, in some cases, other sources of precipitation such as ... More


Desert food webs and ecosystem ecology

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with the trophic model of Hairston, Smith, and Slobodkin and the food-web model generated by Cohen. It explains why, even in a desert, such generalities are inappropriate. Desert ... More


Precipitation

Roger G. Harrison, Paul W. Todd, Scott R. Rudge, and Demetri P. Petrides

in Bioseparations Science and Engineering

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195391817
eISBN:
9780197562765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195391817.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Precipitation, which is the process of coming out of solution as a solid, is an important method in the purification of proteins that usually comes early in the ... More


The annual cycle

Stephen Burt and Tim Burt

in Oxford Weather and Climate since 1767

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198834632
eISBN:
9780191872730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834632.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter sets out the basis of the annual cycle of weather at Oxford, which is then considered in more detail in the individual monthly and seasonal chapters which follow. Averages for the ... More


Modeling Agricultural Productivity and Farming Effort

Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

We describe how we integrated variability in precipitation and temperature through time and across our study area with variabilityin soils to produce plausible estimates of potential maize production ... More


Environmental Impacts of Urbanism

Jorgelina Hardoy and David Satterthwaite

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0029
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

This chapter describes the environmental impacts of urbanization in South America, and the difficulties that governments have had in managing them. The ... More


Farming under Weather Risk: Adaptation, Moral Hazard, and Selection on Moral Hazard

Hsing-Hsiang Huang and Michael R. Moore

in Agricultural Productivity and Producer Behavior

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226619804
eISBN:
9780226619941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226619941.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

American Midwest farmers determine cropping patterns and crop insurance in springtime after observing pre-plant precipitation. We examine cropping-pattern adaptation to pre-plant precipitation as a ... More


“Nuisance Beavers” Claim Their Land

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines the impact of the so-called “nuisance beavers” on the landscape. It argues that “nuisance beaver” is a misnomer, since damage to crops, tree plantations, roads, water supplies, ... More


Hydrology and Hydrochemistry

Mark W. Williams and Nel Caine

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Seasonally snow-covered areas of Earth’s mountain ranges are important components of the global hydrologic cycle. Although their area is limited, the ... More


Soils

Timothy R. Seastedt

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

This chapter examines alpine soils from a traditional soil science and ecological perspective, with a bias toward the latter. Soil physical and chemical ... More


Nutrient Dynamics

Donald C. Buso, Gene E. Likens, James W. Labaugh, and Darren Bade

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the variability and trends in chemical concentrations and fluxes at Mirror Lake during the period 1981–2000. It examines the water and chemical budgets of Mirror Lake to ... More


Evaluation of Methods and Uncertainties in the Water Budget

Thomas C. Winter and Donald O. Rosenberry

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Water budget studies of Mirror Lake aim to measure hydrologic components interacting with the lake as accurately as possible. However, measurements of water budget components are subject to some ... More


Evaluation of Methods and Uncertainties in the Chemical Budgets

James W. Labaugh, Donald C. Buso, and Gene E. Likens

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the uncertainties inherent in the water and chemical budgets of the lake in relation to the differences between chemical mass change in storage and to the balance between solute ... More


Climate

David Greenland and Mark Losleben

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Climate is one of the most important determinants of biotic structure and function in the alpine. High winds and low temperatures are defining elements of ... More


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