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Late twentieth-century patterns and trends in the climate of tropical forest regions

Yadvinder Malhi and James Wright

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter presents an analysis of the mean climate and climatic trends of tropical rainforest regions over the period 1960-98, with the aid of climatological databases. Since the mid-1970s all ... More


‘She asked for it’

Caroline Blyth

in The Narrative of Rape in Genesis 34: Interpreting Dinah's Silence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589456
eISBN:
9780191594571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589456.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter focuses on the myth of rape victim precipitation, which suggests that rape victims may be to blame for their own rape. After considering the ramifications of this myth for contemporary ... More


Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O'Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Societies have long turned to experts for advice on controversial matters, but in the past, the arrangements to solicit expert advice were largely ad hoc. In recent years we have witnessed the ... More


PRECIPITATION STRENGTHENING

A. S. Argon

in Strengthening Mechanisms in Crystal Plasticity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198516002
eISBN:
9780191705717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198516002.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Discrete obstacles, particularly in the form of precipitates of second phases with coherent or incoherent interfaces, dispersed crystalline or glassy nano-scale particles, and aggregates of point ... More


PROPAGATION OF CHEMICAL CHANGE

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the propagation of chemical reactions. Topics covered include attack by a gas on a solid, the kinetics of crystal growth, polycondensation reactions, periodic precipitation, ... More


Introduction

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Deserts are defined by their arid conditions. Biologists have long seen deserts as laboratories of nature, where natural selection is exposed at its most extreme. Generations of scientists have ... More


Abiotic factors

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

There are a number of abiotic factors that have important impacts on the desert environment. Clearly, the most important of these is rainfall or, in some cases, other sources of precipitation such as ... More


Desert food webs and ecosystem ecology

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199211470
eISBN:
9780191728143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211470.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter begins with the trophic model of Hairston, Smith, and Slobodkin and the food-web model generated by Cohen. It explains why, even in a desert, such generalities are inappropriate. Desert ... More


The annual cycle

Stephen Burt and Tim Burt

in Oxford Weather and Climate since 1767

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198834632
eISBN:
9780191872730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834632.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter sets out the basis of the annual cycle of weather at Oxford, which is then considered in more detail in the individual monthly and seasonal chapters which follow. Averages for the ... More


Farming under Weather Risk: Adaptation, Moral Hazard, and Selection on Moral Hazard

Hsing-Hsiang Huang and Michael R. Moore

in Agricultural Productivity and Producer Behavior

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226619804
eISBN:
9780226619941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226619941.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

American Midwest farmers determine cropping patterns and crop insurance in springtime after observing pre-plant precipitation. We examine cropping-pattern adaptation to pre-plant precipitation as a ... More


Modeling Agricultural Productivity and Farming Effort

Timothy A. Kohler

in Emergence and Collapse of Early Villages: Models of Central Mesa Verde Archaeology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270145
eISBN:
9780520951990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270145.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

We describe how we integrated variability in precipitation and temperature through time and across our study area with variabilityin soils to produce plausible estimates of potential maize production ... More


“Nuisance Beavers” Claim Their Land

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines the impact of the so-called “nuisance beavers” on the landscape. It argues that “nuisance beaver” is a misnomer, since damage to crops, tree plantations, roads, water supplies, ... More


Matter Falling Out: Precipitation

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

I shall now introduce you to one of the simplest kinds of chemical reaction: precipitation, the falling out from solution of newly formed solid, powdery matter when two solutions are mixed ... More


Nutrient Dynamics

Donald C. Buso, Gene E. Likens, James W. Labaugh, and Darren Bade

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the variability and trends in chemical concentrations and fluxes at Mirror Lake during the period 1981–2000. It examines the water and chemical budgets of Mirror Lake to ... More


Evaluation of Methods and Uncertainties in the Water Budget

Thomas C. Winter and Donald O. Rosenberry

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Water budget studies of Mirror Lake aim to measure hydrologic components interacting with the lake as accurately as possible. However, measurements of water budget components are subject to some ... More


Evaluation of Methods and Uncertainties in the Chemical Budgets

James W. Labaugh, Donald C. Buso, and Gene E. Likens

in Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land, and Water

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520261198
eISBN:
9780520944497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520261198.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the uncertainties inherent in the water and chemical budgets of the lake in relation to the differences between chemical mass change in storage and to the balance between solute ... More


Emergence of Cooperation under Scarcity and Variability

Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar

in International Water Scarcity and Variability: Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520283077
eISBN:
9780520958906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283077.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Using a large-n empirical quantitative methodology, this chapter seeks to answer the following question: why are agreements negotiated between some states, or river riparians, and not others and what ... More


Assessing Acid Rain in the United States: The National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O’Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

in Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The US National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program was established in 1980 to serve as both a research program and an assessment body. It is generally thought to have been successful in the former ... More


The Gibbs-Thomson Equation: Surfaces

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The external surface of a material has an atomic or molecular structure that is different from the bulk material. So does any internal interface within a material. Because of this, the energy of a ... More


The Avrami Equation: Phase Transformations

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

When materials are heated or cooled, their structure often changes. This is called a phase transformation. Phase transformations are used extensively to modify and control the final microstructure ... More


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