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The Origins of the Mithraic Mysteries: Cosmology and Salvation in the Ancient World

David Ulansey

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067880
eISBN:
9780199853328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067880.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This book argues that the Roman cult of Mithras did not originate in Persia, as previously thought. Instead, the author suggests that the cult was triggered by the reaction of a group of Tarsian ... More


Schwarzschild Spacetime and Black Holes

Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat

in General Relativity and the Einstein Equations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230723
eISBN:
9780191710872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230723.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of spherically symmetric spacetimes, the Schwarzschild metric, and other coordinates. It then covers Schwarzschild spacetime, the motion of the planets and ... More


Oscillations in the “Other Cortex”: Navigation in Real and Memory Space

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The hippocampus and associated structures are organized in multiple loops, with reciprocal connections to the neocortex. The most prominent collective pattern of hippocampal neurons is theta ... More


Unification and the Moon‐Test (Propositions 3 and 4 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It reviews Newton’s argument for the claim that the moon is maintained in its orbit by an inverse-square force directed toward the earth. It introduces Newton’s moon-test argument for identifying the ... More


Unification and the Moon‐Test: Critical Assessment

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I argues that the precision of Newton’s moon-test calculation goes beyond what modern least squares assessment can support from his cited data and that his data afford no support for his ... More


Search Processes and Hippocampus

A. David Redish

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Deliberation entails the sequential, serial search through possible options. This means that deliberation requires a mechanism to represent the structure of the world, from which predictions can be ... More


Spin-transfer torques and nanomagnets

Daniel C. Ralph and Robert A. Buhrman

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents simple ideas for understanding how spin-polarized currents can be used to exert spin-transfer torques in magnetic devices. The chapter reviews recent progress for measuring the ... More


The Meaning of the Bull-Slaying

David Ulansey

in The Origins of the Mithraic Mysteries: Cosmology and Salvation in the Ancient World

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067880
eISBN:
9780199853328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067880.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

As was discussed in the previous chapter, the precession of the equinoxes discovered by Hipparchus was the basis of the Stoics' claim that there was a divinity of great power accountable for such ... More


Spherically symmetric spacetime — GR tests

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

A spherically symmetric metric has two unknown scalar metric functions. The Schwarzschild solution to the GR field equation is presented. An embedding diagram is used to visualize such a warp space. ... More


Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This is the first textbook describing crystal structure determination (especially inorganic) from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron diffraction (ED). The ... More


Magnetization dynamics

Ralph Skomski

in Simple Models of Magnetism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570752
eISBN:
9780191718816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570752.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The nonequilibrium character of magnetisation processes means that magnetisation processes are time-dependent, even if the external magnetic field is kept constant. Intrinsic magnetic properties, ... More


The Mathematical Tradition in Medieval Europe

Elly Dekker

in Illustrating the Phaenomena: Celestial cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609697
eISBN:
9780191745645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609697.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The oldest extant medieval globe made in the Latin West dates from ca. 1320-1340. It is a precession globe built in keeping with Ptolemy's description and does not fit in any known medieval ... More


Electron diffraction (ED)

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

in Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Electron diffraction comes from the combined scattering from many atoms arranged in a crystal. Bragg’s law and the Ewald sphere explain where the diffraction spots will fall on a detector and when ... More


Motion of a particle in three-dimensional fields

Gleb L. Kotkin and Valeriy G. Serbo

in Exploring Classical Mechanics: A Collection of 350+ Solved Problems for Students, Lecturers, and Researchers - Second Revised and Enlarged English Edition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198853787
eISBN:
9780191888236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853787.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In the central field, the energy and angular momentum are conserved. It allows for the reduction of this problem to the problem of the motion of the particle in the effective one-dimensional field. ... More


Gravity and Precession of the Earth

Gino Segrè and John Stack

in Unearthing Fermi's Geophysics

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780226805146
eISBN:
9780226805283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226805283.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter discusses the mass, size and shape of the Earth and consequent gravitational field, including the important effects due to the Earth not being a perfect sphere. A brief discussion of the ... More


Life in a rotating world

Andrew M. Steane

in Relativity Made Relatively Easy Volume 2: General Relativity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192895646
eISBN:
9780191943911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895646.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

We imagine a group of people living on the inner surface of a huge rotating cylinder in flat spacetime. Their experiences are described and calculated. Thus we introduce gravimagnetic effects and the ... More


Slow stationary sources

Andrew M. Steane

in Relativity Made Relatively Easy Volume 2: General Relativity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192895646
eISBN:
9780191943911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192895646.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The linearized theory is applied to sources such as ordinary stars whose speed is small compared to the speed of light. This yields the “gravitoelectromagnetic” theory. The gravitoelectromagnetic ... More


Electron Spin Precession Mode Locking and Nuclei-Induced Frequency Focusing

M. M. Glazov

in Electron & Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198807308
eISBN:
9780191845093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807308.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter addresses a rich variety of effects in spin dynamics arising under the conditions of pump-probe experiments. Here we consider the case where the electron spin is injected by a periodic ... More


Preliminaries

Elly Dekker

in Illustrating the Phaenomena: Celestial cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609697
eISBN:
9780191745645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609697.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Celestial cartography developed according to two distinct traditions characterized by the way the stars are being mapped. One tradition uses descriptions of locations of stars within constellations, ... More


Islamic Celestial Cartography

Elly Dekker

in Illustrating the Phaenomena: Celestial cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609697
eISBN:
9780191745645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609697.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The oldest artefact in Islamic celestial cartography is the ceiling painting in Quṣayr cAmra. All other mappings are found on celestial globes. In the ninth century Arabic astronomers wrote the first ... More


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