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The Hidden History of Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Currently enrolling approximately 900,000 poor children each year, Head Start has served 25 million children and their families since it was established 43 years ago. Presidents and policymakers have ... More


George H. W. Bush, the “Education President”

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under George H. W. Bush's administration. Head Start received a great deal of additional money during President Bush's term, but actual ... More


Head Start’s Golden Years under the Clinton Administration

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Clinton administration. President Clinton was just as strong a supporter of Head Start at the end of his administration as he was ... More


George W. Bush versus Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under George W. Bush's administration. The Bush administration's stewardship of Head Start and several other children's programs including ... More


Does Head Start Work? Does it Work Enough?

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the performance of the Head Start program. It argues that based on the criteria of eradicating poverty or eliminating the achievement gap, Head Start is clearly a failure. Judged ... More


Deploying the Lessons in Head Start’s History

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the accomplishments of the Head Start program. At the top of the list of Head Start's contributions is the fact that it was the trailblazer for our nation's huge investment in ... More


The Two Roots of Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the planning of the Head Start program. To the planners, the purpose of Head Start was optimal child development, resulting in improved school readiness. The Community Action ... More


Head Start’s Early Years

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the early years of the Head Start program. As Head Start moved from the drawing board to the set-up phase, it very quickly brought out the best in Americans. Head Start's huge ... More


A Conflict of Cultures

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter details the author's experiences upon becoming director of the Office of Child Development (OCD). Until his arrival in Washington, he had never experienced any sense of inferiority and ... More


The Failed Union of Head Start and Child Care

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes events during the late 1960s and early 1970s that came within a breath of expanding and joining Head Start to a national child care system. This system would have been a giant ... More


Coaxing Science to the Rescue

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In Washington, studies are contracted to research companies, many of which are quite professional and follow the procedures described above. The findings, however, are rarely peer-reviewed before ... More


President Jimmy Carter, Head Start’s Misunderstood Friend

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on how President Carter never received the credit he deserved for his Head Start actions. The program's budget nearly doubled during his 4 years in office, and his White House ... More


Ronald Reagan “Saves” Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the status of the Head Start program under the Reagan administration. Reagan's conservative views, his disdain for social programs, and his voiced desire for a smaller federal ... More


Early Years’ Education and Subsequent Schooling in Rural India: An Economic Analysis

Geraint Johnes

in Growth, Development, and Diversity: India's Record since Liberalization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077992
eISBN:
9780199081608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077992.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Based on data from a survey of living conditions in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, two major Indian states, for the year 1997–8, published by the World Bank, this chapter analyses the factors that have ... More


Special Considerations for Cases Involving Young Children

Kathleen Coulborn Faller and Sandra K. Hewitt

in Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Pre-school children pose a special challenge in sexual abuse assessment, because of their limited communication skills and increased suggestibility, when compared to older children. This chapter ... More


Improving Boys’ Achievement in Early Childhood and Primary Education

Merle Froschl and Barbara Sprung

in Lessons in Educational Equality: Successful Approaches to Intractable Problems Around the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199755011
eISBN:
9780199918867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755011.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In many countries around the world, boys are not faring as well as girls academically. The lack of success that young boys are experiencing is a gender equity issue, and calls for the intentional ... More


Obesity prevention interventions for early childhood: An updated systematic review of the literature

Kylie Hesketh and Karen Campbell

in Childhood Obesity Prevention: International Research, Controversies and Interventions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199572915
eISBN:
9780191595110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0034
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

A previous review of the small number of early childhood obesity prevention literature promoted healthy eating, physical activity, and/or reduce sedentary behaviours in 0–5 year olds, suggesting that ... More


Lay Theories of Media Effects: Power Rangers at Pre-school

Ellen Seiter

in Television and New Media Audiences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198711421
eISBN:
9780191694905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198711421.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The pre-school environment is evidently complex as it exists across a wide variety of school setups, policies, principles, and practices. Some schools highly discourage media viewing while ... More


Family of Friends: Creating a Supportive Day Care Community to Prevent Child Abuse and Neglect

Martha Morrison Dore, Nancy Feldman, and Amy Winnick Gelles

in Handbook of Community-Based Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195159226
eISBN:
9780199893843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159226.003.0017
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Communities and Organizations

This chapter discusses the Family of Friends program. Family of Friends is an innovative program model designed to be implemented in day care centers and other preschool programs to create nurturing ... More


Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations

Holly Alliger Ruff and Mary Klevjord Rothbart

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195136326
eISBN:
9780199894031
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136326.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Attention is a complex and multidimensional construct. It depends on distributed neural networks; it is linked to multiple sources of information from the environment and to complex motor, emotional, ... More


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