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Introduction

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This introductory chapter explores the concepts of grammaticalization, lexicalization, and degrammaticalization, and areas of overlap between them. Both grammaticalization and degrammaticalization ... More


Repetition, Fixedness, and Lexical Bundles

Joanna Kopaczyk

in The Legal Language of Scottish Burghs: Standardization and Lexical Bundles (1380-1560)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199945153
eISBN:
9780199345939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945153.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, English Language

The realization that communication is largely built of recurrent fixed elements was captured in Sinclair’s idiom principle at the beginning of 1990s. Exploring the processes of fixedness and ... More


Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Chiara Ghezzi and Piera Molinelli (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

This volume investigates the role of some functional units—discourse and pragmatic markers—complementing theoretical chapters with case studies. These markers are used by speakers to index discourse ... More


Romanian atunci and French alors: Functional and discourse properties

Mihaela Popescu

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

Through a synchronic and contrastive approach, the chapter outlines the pragmatic behaviour of the Romanian adverb atunci ‘then’ and of its French correspondent, alors. The chapter describes ... More


: The development of functional roles and Romance languages: Processes and patterns

Piera Molinelli

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

Different topics dealt with in the volume are taken up to highlight the benefits of an integrated and comparative approach to the study of discourse and pragmatic markers in Romance languages. The ... More


The development of discourse and pragmatic markers

Chiara Ghezzi

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

This methodological chapter is intended as a contextualizing and theoretical introduction. It aims to establish the premises for the theoretical and methodological framework adopted in the volume, as ... More


Deverbal pragmatic markers from Latin to Italian (Lat. quaeso and It. prego): The cyclic nature of functional developments

Chiara Ghezzi and Piera Molinelli

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter describes how Latin verbs quaeso and rogo ‘I ask, I pray’ and Italian verbs prego ‘I pray’ and chiedo ‘I ask’ have developed politeness-related functions, and discusses them in relation ... More


Mă rog: A pragmatic marker in Romanian

Michaela Livescu

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

The chapter offers a diachronic and sociolinguistic analysis of the Romanian politeness marker mă rog ‘please’, originally derived from the verb a ruga ‘to pray’. Through the analysis of the ... More


Cyclicity in semantic/pragmatic change: The medieval particle ja between Latin iam and Modern déjà

Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter proposes an analysis of the Medieval French particle ja (< Latin iam ‘now, as of this moment’). Ja occurs very frequently in Medieval texts, but disappears in the course of the ... More


French déjà, Piedmontese Regional Italian già: A case of contact-induced pragmaticalization

Chiara Fedriani and Emanuele Miola

in Discourse and Pragmatic Markers from Latin to the Romance Languages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681600
eISBN:
9780191761430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681600.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter analyses the Romance descendants of Latin (de) iam ‘already’, exploring the pragmatic values acquired by Fr. dejà and the Piedmontese Regional Italian cognate già. Both adverbs are ... More


Uncharted dimensions

Daniel Gutzmann

in Use-Conditional Meaning: Studies in Multidimensional Semantics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198723820
eISBN:
9780191791161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723820.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The book concludes with a discussion of some topics that the author considers to be possible fields for further investigation. The final chapter looks at use-conditional meaning and the notion of ... More


Usualization

Hans-Jörg Schmid

in The Dynamics of the Linguistic System: Usage, Conventionalization, and Entrenchment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814771
eISBN:
9780191852466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814771.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The chapter discusses the nature of the process of usualization and explains its contribution to the conventionalization of innovations, to linguistic variation, change, and persistence. The process ... More


Change

Hans-Jörg Schmid

in The Dynamics of the Linguistic System: Usage, Conventionalization, and Entrenchment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198814771
eISBN:
9780191852466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814771.003.0019
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter discusses how the Entrenchment-and-Conventionalization Model explains language change. First, it is emphasized that not only innovation and variation, but also the frequency of ... More


Pragmatics, Indirectness, and Neg-politeness: A Basis for Politeness Modeling

Geoffrey Leech

in The Pragmatics of Politeness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780195341386
eISBN:
9780190225933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341386.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents a goal-oriented approach to communication, in which both the speaker and the hearer engage in problem solving to arrive at pragmatic meaning. Especially in explaining ... More


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