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Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book is an exploration of the relation between knowledge, reasons, and justification. According to the primary argument of the book, you can rely on what you know in action and belief, because ... More


Infallibilism or Pragmatic Encroachment?

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

If the arguments of previous chapters are sound, then fallibilist purism about knowledge is false. This raises the question of which to retain, fallibilism or purism? The first part of the chapter ... More


Pragmatic Encroachment and Epistemic Value

Pascal Engel

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Some philosophers, who defend ‘pragmatic encroachment’ and ‘subject-sensitive invariantism’, argue that changes in the importance of being right and significant increases of the costs of error in ... More


Fallibilism

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Fallibilism is the doctrine that it is possible to know that something is the case even though in some sense you could be wrong. This chapter begins by examining a number of senses in which you ... More


Wagering on Pragmatic Encroachment

Daniel M. Eaton and Timothy H. Pickavance

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 8

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198806967
eISBN:
9780191844461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806967.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Pragmatic encroachment, the view that knowledge is sensitive to one’s practical situation, is a marked departure from traditional epistemology. What follows from this view? This chapter gives a ... More


Contextualism

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

According to epistemic contextualism, the content of a knowledge attribution varies with the context of the knowledge attributor. Therefore, whether a subject is truly said to have knowledge can vary ... More


Clarifying Pragmatic Encroachment: A Reply to Charity Anderson and John Hawthorne on Knowledge, Practical Adequacy, and Stakes

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833314
eISBN:
9780191871658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833314.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses concerns that pragmatic encroachers are committed to problematic knowledge variance. It first replies to Charity Anderson and John Hawthorne’s new putative problem cases, which ... More


Stakes, Practical Adequacy, and the Epistemic Significance of Double-Checking

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833314
eISBN:
9780191871658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833314.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In their chapter “Knowledge, Practical Adequacy, and Stakes,” Charity Anderson and John Hawthorne present several challenges to the doctrine of pragmatic encroachment. In this brief reply to their ... More


Knowledge and Reasons

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter provides a principled argument for a pragmatist link between knowledge and action. The main conclusion is the thesis (KJ) that what you know is warranted enough to justify you in action, ... More


Pragmatic Encroachment and Theistic Knowledge

Matthew A. Benton (ed.)

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

If knowledge is sensitive to practical stakes, then whether one knows depends in part on the practical costs of being wrong. When considering religious belief, the practical costs of being wrong ... More


Knowledge, Practical Adequacy, and Stakes

Charity Anderson and John Hawthorne

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833314
eISBN:
9780191871658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833314.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Defenses of pragmatic encroachment commonly rely on two thoughts: first, that the gap between one’s strength of epistemic position on p and perfect strength sometimes makes a difference to what one ... More


Theoretical Responses and Methodology

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 3 begins with a partial taxonomy of the theoretical responses to the puzzling patterns of knowledge ascriptions. This includes a characterization of pragmatic encroachment that captures a ... More


Arguments for Strict Purist Invariantism

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A number of arguments against the epistemological views motivated by the salient alternative, contrast and practical factor effects are set forth. The negative arguments suggest that these effects ... More


Pragmatic Encroachment: Its Problems Are Your Problems!

Matthew McGrath

in Normativity: Epistemic and Practical

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198758709
eISBN:
9780191818622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758709.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of pragmatic encroachment about knowledge holds that whether a subject knows that p can vary due to differences in practical stakes, holding fixed the strength of the subject’s epistemic ... More


Pragmatic Intellectualism

Mark Schroeder

in Reasons First

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198868224
eISBN:
9780191904745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198868224.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 8 introduces and defends the default reliance account of the nature of binary belief and the resulting package of views about epistemic reasons—Pragmatic Intellectualism. According to the ... More


Epistemic Evaluation: Purposeful Epistemology

David K. Henderson and John Greco (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199642632
eISBN:
9780191807145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642632.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume aims to explore and apply a particular methodology in epistemology. The methodology is to consider the point(s) or purpose(s) of our epistemic evaluations, and to pursue epistemological ... More


Does Friendship Exert Pressure on Belief?

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Conversational Pressure: Normativity in Speech Exchanges

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198856436
eISBN:
9780191889707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198856436.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It has been alleged that we should be epistemically partial to our friends, that is, that there are cases in which the demands of friendship would require one to give a friend the benefit of the ... More


How Much is at Stake for the Pragmatic Encroacher

Jeffrey Sanford Russell

in Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833314
eISBN:
9780191871658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833314.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

People who defend “pragmatic encroachment” about knowledge generally advocate two ideas: (1) you can rationally act according to what you know; (2) knowledge is harder to achieve when more is at ... More


Oxford Studies in Epistemology Volume 6

Tamar Szabó Gendler and John Hawthorne (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833314
eISBN:
9780191871658
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833314.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Oxford Studies in Epistemology is a biennial publication offering a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this important field. Under the guidance of a distinguished editorial board composed ... More


How to Be an Epistemic Expressivist

Michael Ridge

in Metaepistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198805366
eISBN:
9780191843433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805366.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Arguments from the practicality of moral judgment are typically taken to be among the more powerful arguments for meta-ethical expressivism. However, analogous arguments seem unpromising in ... More


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