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Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Jonathan Jacobs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This is a study of the key features of the moral psychology and metaethics of three important medieval Jewish philosophers, Saadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides. They are selected ... More


Beyond Default Principles: Trimming the Hedges

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues against the hedged principles laid out in Chapter 6. It contends that the best explanation of the possibility of practical wisdom entails that morality can be codified. It gives ... More


Practical Wisdom

Sarah Broadie

in Ethics with Aristotle

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195085600
eISBN:
9780199833108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195085604.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The main topics are Aristotle on the structure and psychology of rational choice (prohairesis); on practice and production; on practical versus theoretical truth; on particulars as the sphere of ... More


Jewish Moral Thought and Practical Wisdom

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses the main points of comparison and contrast between Jewish thought and the practical wisdom approach to ethics, with Aristotle's conception of it as the guiding example. The ... More


Practical Wisdom and Reciprocity of Virtue (NE VI.12–13)

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Roughly speaking, proper virtue is natural virtue plus practical wisdom. Aristotle’s Reciprocity of Virtue thesis says that while people may possess only some natural virtues, a person with any ... More


Pagan Virtue: An Essay in Ethics

John Casey

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240037
eISBN:
9780191680069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240037.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the classical virtues of courage, temperance, practical wisdom, and justice, which are largely ignored in modern moral philosophy, centrally define the good for Man. The ... More


Practical Wisdom

John Casey

in Pagan Virtue: An Essay in Ethics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240037
eISBN:
9780191680069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240037.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter suggests practical wisdom informs, and is the outcome of, other virtues. Following Aristotle the chapter suggests that practical wisdom is especially connected with temperance. The man ... More


6. Virtues

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

The just‐war tradition furnishes a rule book for war, but rules are not enough to ensure just behaviour. As Aristotle perceived, virtues are also necessary. This chapter examines what virtue is and ... More


The Limits of Political Action

Dominic J. O’Meara

in Platonopolis: Platonic Political Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285532
eISBN:
9780191717819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285532.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

What limits political action? To what extent is it autonomous? To what external factors is it subjected? These questions are discussed as Neoplatonist philosophers approached them, as are the themes ... More


Practices of Reason: Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

C. D. C. Reeve

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235651
eISBN:
9780191679094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235651.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an exploration of the epistemological, metaphysical, and psychological foundations of the Nicomachean Ethics. Rejecting current orthodoxy, this book argues that ... More


Intelligent Virtue

Julia Annas

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199228782
eISBN:
9780191725524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228782.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The book develops an account of virtue which, in a contemporary version, foregrounds the idea that virtue is an exercise of practical intelligence (ideally, a form of practical wisdom) similar to the ... More


Conclusion: An Apology for Keynes

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Keynes's Vision: A New Political Economy

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283201
eISBN:
9780191596254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283202.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Discusses the significance of Keynes's idealism, and considers his overall contribution.


The Fabric of Character: Aristotle's Theory of Virtue

Nancy Sherman

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239178
eISBN:
9780191598395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239173.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Fabric of Character explores Aristotle's account of virtuous character and its development. I argue that traditional conceptions of Aristotelian habituation have ignored the critical ... More


5 Tradition, Rationality, and Moral Life: Medieval Judaism's Insight

Jonathan Jacobs (ed.)

in Judaic Sources and Western Thought: Jerusalem's Enduring Presence

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199583157
eISBN:
9780191728952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583157.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explicates a rationalist conception of tradition, the main elements of which are attributed to Saadia, Bahya, and Maimonides. It is a conception in which fulfilment of the requirements ... More


The Two Deepest Mysteries in Moral Philosophy

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows how the main principle points the way to a solution to the two deepest mysteries in moral philosophy, one metaphysical and one epistemological. The metaphysical mystery is to ... More


Four Intellectual Traditions in the Study of Public Administration

Jos C.N Raadschelders

in Public Administration: The Interdisciplinary Study of Government

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693894
eISBN:
9780191731877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693894.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

The many theories-in-use in the study can be categorized according to four main intellectual traditions. Practical wisdom has its roots in antiquity; practical experience dates back to the ... More


Requirements, Ideals, and Moral Motivation

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This is a brief discussion of some specific issues of pronounced concern to medieval Jewish thinkers. These include the relation between moral requirements and moral ideals, and also the conception ... More


Goods

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Recent Anglo-American epistemology has largely focused on propositional knowledge: true belief with a third, good-making property (justification, warrant). This chapter proposes a broadened ... More


Deliberation and Choice in Aristotle

Heda Segvic

in Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546541
eISBN:
9780191728600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546541.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How can every virtuous action be chosen, on Aristotle's view, if choice requires deliberation (since surely some situations do not permit time for deliberation)? How can Aristotle claim, and what ... More


The Idiot

Mark Rowlands

in Can Animals Be Moral?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199842001
eISBN:
9780199979844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842001.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The concept of control, identified in the arguments of Aristotle and Kant, is rendered more precise in this chapter. The central dialectical figure of Myshkin is introduced. Myshkin is an individual ... More


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