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Internal Reasons and Contractualist Impartiality

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines a proposal concerning the nature of practical reasons: that all such reasons are internal reasons. It is the first obstacle that was placed in the way of the Wittgensteinian ... More


Knowledge and Practical Interests

Jason Stanley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e., by how much is at stake for that person at ... More


The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Katerina Deligiorgi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Autonomy is a key concept in contemporary moral philosophy with deep roots in the history of the subject. However, there is still no agreed view about the correct way to formulate an account of ... More


Practical Reason in Law and Morality

Neil MacCormick

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198268772
eISBN:
9780191713071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268772.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The concept of practical reason is central to contemporary thought on ethics and the philosophy of law — acting well means acting for good reasons. Explaining this requires several stages. How do ... More


Beyond Default Principles: Trimming the Hedges

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues against the hedged principles laid out in Chapter 6. It contends that the best explanation of the possibility of practical wisdom entails that morality can be codified. It gives ... More


Reasons

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the notion of a reason for action. It begins by distinguishing epistemic from practical reasons, and suggests that all practical reasons must be grounded in well-being. It ... More


Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Maria Alvarez

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, ... More


Desires, Intentions, and Reasons for Action

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

With practical reason, as with theoretical reason, there is an important difference between reasons that are in some sense basic and those based on further reasons. Beliefs, actions, and desires can ... More


Natural Law and Natural Inclinations

Matthew Levering

in Biblical Natural Law: A Theocentric and Teleological Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535293
eISBN:
9780191715839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535293.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter surveys the efforts of three contemporary Catholic theorists to recover a deeper appreciation for the natural law: Martin Rhonheimer, Servais Pinckaers, and Graham McAleer. Whereas ... More


The Retrieval of Ethics

Talbot Brewer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The virtue ethics movement in recent philosophical ethics can usefully be divided into two quite separate streams of thought. Some have turned to the texts of Plato and Aristotle for new answers to ... More


The ‘Justifiability’ of Faith‐beliefs: An Ultimately Moral Issue

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that reflective believers' concern is ultimately not just for the epistemic, but for the moral justifiability of their taking faith-beliefs to be true. In response to the doxastic ... More


Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good

Sergio Tenenbaum (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195382440
eISBN:
9780199870158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382440.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Most philosophers working in moral psychology and practical reason think that either the notion of “good” or the notion of “desire” have central roles to play in our understanding of intentional ... More


Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long claimed to be the ‘dominant conception of practical reason’, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the ... More


Impartial Evaluation and Rational Authority

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The arguments in the first half of this chapter demonstrate that an account of moral standards based upon an interpersonal conception of impartiality, in stark contrast with its impersonal ... More


Legal Rights

Pavlos Eleftheriadis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545285
eISBN:
9780191719899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545285.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

How can there be rights in law? We learn from moral philosophy that rights protect persons in a special way because they have peremptory force. But how can this aspect of practical reason be captured ... More


Others as Ends

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Much of what we want, such as food and entertainment and good company, we want for our own consumption or enjoyment; but we can also want those same sorts of things for other people. Indeed, if we ... More


Practical Reason

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by discussing the nature of self-interested reasons themselves, agreeing with Derek Parfit that what matters is not personal identity. It suggests that what matters to each of us ... More


Action, Belief, and Desire

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The parallels between the theoretical and the practical reason are extensive. This chapter considers the structural ones, such as the analogy between, on the one hand, inferential beliefs and the ... More


The Philosopher's Stone

Jacqueline Mariña

in Transformation of the Self in the thought of Schleiermacher

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199206377
eISBN:
9780191709753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206377.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines several fundamental philosophical problems regarding the conditions of the possibility of moral transformation preoccupying the younger Schleiermacher, especially as he ... More


Aspects of Reason

Paul Grice

Richard Warner (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198242529
eISBN:
9780191597534
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198242522.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book, based on Grice's 1979 Locke Lectures at Oxford and published posthumously, elaborates the notions of reasons, reasoning, and rationality, with particular emphasis on the unity of practical ... More


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