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Deliberative‐Analytic Policy Inquiry: Postempiricist Practices

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Moving beyond the traditional conceptions of value-neutrality and context independence that have dominated the epistemology of the policy sciences, this chapter offers a social constructivist ... More


Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

G. F. Schueler

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book involves rethinking the answer to Davidson's question, ”What is the relation between a reason and an action when the reason explains the action by giving the agent's reason for doing what ... More


Efforts, Purposes, and Practical Reason

Robert Kane

in The Significance of Free Will

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The task of constructing an indeterminist account of free will without appeal to obscure or mysterious notions of agency or causation (begun in Ch. 8) is continued in this chapter. The theory is ... More


Explanations in Terms of the Agent's Reasoning

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Practical reasoning has been misrepresented by the so‐called practical syllogism as not essentially involving evaluations. Correcting this error helps show why it is implausible to hold, as e.g. J. ... More


Obligation

David Owens

in Shaping the Normative Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691500
eISBN:
9780191744938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691500.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Should we breach an obligation, we are subject to blame. Obligation also shapes our practical deliberation about whether to discharge the obligation. According to the Sanction Theory of Obligation, ... More


The Inherently Normative Nature of Action Explanations

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

There is a crucial difference between explaining actions on the basis of the agent's actual or possible practical deliberation (the deliberative model) and explaining them on the basis of some ... More


Why Take Morality to be Objective?

Angus Ritchie

in From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defends our pre-philosophical commitment to moral objectivism. It is an essential prelude to the main argument, for it establishes the standard which the rest of the book will use to ... More


Understanding human agency

Erasmus Mayr

in Understanding Human Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606214
eISBN:
9780191731631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606214.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A different non-causal account of acting for a reason is developed which explains this notion in terms of following a standard of success. Following a standard of success includes a teleological ... More


The Epistemic Norms of Action

Mikkel Gerken

in On Folk Epistemology: How we Think and Talk about Knowledge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198803454
eISBN:
9780191841637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803454.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 6 concerns the normative relationship between action and knowledge ascriptions. Arguments are provided against a Knowledge Norm of Action (KNAC) and in favor of the Warrant-Action norm (WA). ... More


The Authority of Reasons

Daniel Star

in Knowing Better: Virtue, Deliberation, and Normative Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199570416
eISBN:
9780191804182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570416.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter builds up to the presentation of a new argument for the account of normative reasons introduced in the previous chapter. This argument utilizes a new conception of practical authority ... More


Passion and the Two Sides of Virtue

in Confronting Aristotle's Ethics: Ancient and Modern Morality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226283982
eISBN:
9780226284019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284019.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter shows that virtue, the good condition of the soul, is the power to perform for their own sake virtuous actions, which have the right relation to both internal and external goods. We ... More


Knowing Better

Daniel Star

in Knowing Better: Virtue, Deliberation, and Normative Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199570416
eISBN:
9780191804182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570416.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes an idea associated with Timothy Williamson’s work, that the norm of practical reasoning is knowledge, and argues that the account of normative reasons previously defended provides ... More


Trust, Distrust, and In Between

Edna Ullmann-Margalit

in Normal Rationality: Decisions and Social Order

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802433
eISBN:
9780191840753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802433.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The springboard for this paper is the nature of the negation relation between the notions of trust and distrust. In order to explore this relation, an analysis of full trust is offered. An ... More


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