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4 Malnutrition and Poverty in Latin America

S. M. Ravi Kanbur

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the state of malnutrition and poverty in Latin America, and attempts to quantify the magnitudes of the problem and identify the poor and the malnourished. Growth plays a minor ... More


Poverty

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226146
eISBN:
9780191718595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter explores the poverty phenomenon, distinguishing between the status of objective poverty and the subjective feeling of poverty. It is argued that defining objective poverty in terms of a ... More


Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Sudhir Anand, Paul Segal, and Joseph E. Stiglitz (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The international community's commitment to halve global poverty by 2015 has been enshrined in the first Millennium Development Goal. How global poverty is measured is a critical element in assessing ... More


How Not to Count the Poor

Sanjay G. Reddy and Thomas Pogge

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that the World Bank's approach to estimating the extent, distribution, and trend of global income poverty is neither meaningful nor reliable. The Bank uses an arbitrary ... More


Raising the Standard: The War on Global Poverty 1

Surjit S. Bhalla

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are two standard approaches to the measurement of poverty: an exclusive survey-based method, and the alternative method of using distribution from the surveys and means from the national ... More


Poverty or Income Distribution: Which Do We Want to Measure? 1

Robert Johnston

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares concepts of poverty and deprivation used in the pioneering slum surveys in London in the late nineteenth century with income and consumption concepts today. These are found to ... More


China is Poorer than We Thought, but No Less Successful in the Fight against Poverty 1

Shaohua Chen and Martin Ravallion

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In 2005, China participated for the first time in the International Comparison Program (ICP), which collects primary data across countries on the prices for an internationally comparable list of ... More


Nuclear Energy and Environmental Justice

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 5 shows that, even when accidents are ignored, fission causes many serious pollution-induced health effects. In addition, atomic energy is ... More


Poverty

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198286547
eISBN:
9780191718601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286546.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the poverty phenomenon, distinguishing between the status of objective poverty and the subjective feeling of poverty. It is argued that defining objective poverty in terms of a ... More


Minimum income standards and household budgets (Social Policy Association prize-winning paper)

Deeming Chris

in Social policy review 22: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2010

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847427113
eISBN:
9781447303497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847427113.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter concentrates on food poverty, especially with regard to poverty through insufficient household purchasing power. It uses a variety of statistical methods to attempt to determine the food ... More


Reducing child poverty in the European Union: the role of child benefits1

Herwig Immervoll, Holly Sutherland, and Klaas de Vos

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition): What do we know?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342539
eISBN:
9781447301738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the role of child benefits in protecting the children in Europe from financial poverty. It defines ‘child benefits’ as the regular cash payments that are made to parents or ... More


Poverty and low living standards: effects and impacts

Michael O’Brien

in Poverty, policy and the state: The changing face of social security

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347992
eISBN:
9781447303046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347992.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In the last two decades in New Zealand, a range of studies has focused on the living standards of those below the poverty line and the effects of poverty and managing daily life on state income ... More


Income poverty

Peter Saunders

in Down and out: Poverty and exclusion in Australia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428394
eISBN:
9781447302155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter presents conventional poverty estimates for Australia to show its magnitude and how its incidence varies across socioeconomic groups. It compares Estimates of Australian poverty with ... More


Beyond low income: economic resources, financial hardship and poverty

Peter Saunders

in Down and out: Poverty and exclusion in Australia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428394
eISBN:
9781447302155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter extends the analysis of income poverty by combining income-based estimates with other (primarily economic) information that is designed to establish whether those with incomes below the ... More


Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1

Athar Hussain

in World poverty: New policies to defeat an old enemy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343956
eISBN:
9781447304340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter describes new research on urban poverty in China, which has the largest population in the world. It sets out to answer two sets of questions. First, how many urban poor are there in ... More


Social Security for the Urban Poor: A Study in Gujarat

K.P. Kannan and Jan Breman

in The Long Road to Social Security: Assessing the Implementation of National Social Security Initiatives for the Working Poor in India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198090311
eISBN:
9780199082490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090311.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Approximately 377 million of India’s 1.2 billion population live in urban areas, 95 million of whom live below poverty line. Although urban areas have a lower incidence of poverty compared to rural ... More


What Is Wrong with the Poverty Line

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Using household income to measure income inequality and define poverty has many flaws. Comparing individuals and households of the same age cohort is far more likely to be meaningful, because it is ... More


The Poverty Line and the Value of Public Rental Housing Subsidies to the Poor

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

There is one very simple and costless way to alleviate poverty in one fell swoop. All one has to do is to transfer full private ownership rights of the public housing units to the occupying tenant ... More


The Poverty Paradox

Romain D. Huret

in The Experts' War on Poverty: Social Research and the Welfare Agenda in Postwar America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780801450488
eISBN:
9781501709531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450488.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the invention of the modern poverty paradox – the increase of poor people in spite of economic growth in the 1950s. On this matter, the federal government played a pioneering ... More


An Economist at War

Romain D. Huret

in The Experts' War on Poverty: Social Research and the Welfare Agenda in Postwar America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780801450488
eISBN:
9781501709531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450488.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the role of the Council of Economic Advisers that transformed the science of poverty into a War on Poverty. Robert J. Lampman played a major role in this political decision.


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