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The Poor Law

Raymond Cocks

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XIII: 1820–1914 Fields of Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239757
eISBN:
9780191705151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239757.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on the poor law in the 19th century begins with a discussion of the English poor law and how it became the most comprehensive system of public poor relief before the coming of the ... More


Core Purposes of Pension Systems

Nicholas Barr and Peter Diamond

in Reforming Pensions: Principles and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311303
eISBN:
9780199893461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311303.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The primary objective of pensions is economic security in old age, achieved through consumption smoothing, insurance, poverty relief, and redistribution. The primary objective of pension design is to ... More


Citizens and Residents

Oliver Zimmer

in Remaking the Rhythms of Life: German Communities in the Age of the Nation-State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199571208
eISBN:
9780191751233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571208.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the practice of municipal citizenship. Whereas economic liberalization favoured uncontrolled movement, municipal citizenship offered a means to contain the dynamics that the ... More


Failed Generosity

Christian Smith, Michael O. Emerson, and Patricia Snell

in Passing the Plate: Why American Christians Don't Give Away More Money

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195337112
eISBN:
9780199868414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337112.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines various data sources on charitable giving in the United States to establish six crucial facts about the giving of American Christians. These are that at least one out of five ... More


The Basic Economics of Pensions

Nicholas Barr and Peter Diamond

in Pension Reform: A Short Guide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195387728
eISBN:
9780199870905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387728.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The primary objective of pensions is economic security in old age, achieved through consumption smoothing, insurance, poverty relief, and redistribution. The primary objective of pension design is to ... More


Making work for welfare in the United States

Michael Wiseman

in 'An offer you can't refuse': Workfare in international perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341952
eISBN:
9781447301462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341952.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses the policy developments that have resulted in increasing levels of decentralisation and from the principle that relief from poverty is a citizenship right. The discussion is ... More


My Share of Responsibility: Citizen and Neighbor

Leonard Rogoff

in Gertrude Weil: Jewish Progressive in the New South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630793
eISBN:
9781469630816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630793.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In her later years she continued her community activism in poverty relief, health care, and interfaith and interracial relations. She served on the Charles B. Aycock Memorial Commission. Her personal ... More


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