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Poverty

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226146
eISBN:
9780191718595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter explores the poverty phenomenon, distinguishing between the status of objective poverty and the subjective feeling of poverty. It is argued that defining objective poverty in terms of a ... More


4 Malnutrition and Poverty in Latin America

S. M. Ravi Kanbur

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the state of malnutrition and poverty in Latin America, and attempts to quantify the magnitudes of the problem and identify the poor and the malnourished. Growth plays a minor ... More


How Not to Count the Poor

Sanjay G. Reddy and Thomas Pogge

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that the World Bank's approach to estimating the extent, distribution, and trend of global income poverty is neither meaningful nor reliable. The Bank uses an arbitrary ... More


Raising the Standard: The War on Global Poverty 1

Surjit S. Bhalla

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are two standard approaches to the measurement of poverty: an exclusive survey-based method, and the alternative method of using distribution from the surveys and means from the national ... More


Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Sudhir Anand, Paul Segal, and Joseph E. Stiglitz (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The international community's commitment to halve global poverty by 2015 has been enshrined in the first Millennium Development Goal. How global poverty is measured is a critical element in assessing ... More


China is Poorer than We Thought, but No Less Successful in the Fight against Poverty 1

Shaohua Chen and Martin Ravallion

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In 2005, China participated for the first time in the International Comparison Program (ICP), which collects primary data across countries on the prices for an internationally comparable list of ... More


Poverty

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198286547
eISBN:
9780191718601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198286546.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the poverty phenomenon, distinguishing between the status of objective poverty and the subjective feeling of poverty. It is argued that defining objective poverty in terms of a ... More


Poverty or Income Distribution: Which Do We Want to Measure? 1

Robert Johnston

in Debates on the Measurement of Global Poverty

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558032
eISBN:
9780191721335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558032.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares concepts of poverty and deprivation used in the pioneering slum surveys in London in the late nineteenth century with income and consumption concepts today. These are found to ... More


Income poverty

Peter Saunders

in Down and out: Poverty and exclusion in Australia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428394
eISBN:
9781447302155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter presents conventional poverty estimates for Australia to show its magnitude and how its incidence varies across socioeconomic groups. It compares Estimates of Australian poverty with ... More


The Evolution of Poverty in the European Union: Concepts, Measurement, and Data

Koen Decancq, Tim Goedemé, Karel Van den Bosch, and Josefine Vanhille

in Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful Are European Welfare States?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926589
eISBN:
9780199369720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In this chapter alternative choices in the definition and measurement of poverty are discussed thereby focusing on three central choices that have to be made. First, one has to select an appropriate ... More


Poverty Lines

Martin Ravallion

in The Economics of Poverty: History, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190212766
eISBN:
9780190212803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212766.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Even before there were poverty measures for descriptive purposes, there were attempts to define what constitutes a reasonable minimum income level to not be considered poor in specific settings for ... More


Beyond low income: economic resources, financial hardship and poverty

Peter Saunders

in Down and out: Poverty and exclusion in Australia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428394
eISBN:
9781447302155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter extends the analysis of income poverty by combining income-based estimates with other (primarily economic) information that is designed to establish whether those with incomes below the ... More


Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1

Athar Hussain

in World poverty: New policies to defeat an old enemy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343956
eISBN:
9781447304340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter describes new research on urban poverty in China, which has the largest population in the world. It sets out to answer two sets of questions. First, how many urban poor are there in ... More


Poverty and Inequality Measures

Martin Ravallion

in The Economics of Poverty: History, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190212766
eISBN:
9780190212803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212766.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter turns to the task of aggregating the information on the distribution of the chosen measure of economic welfare into one or more summary statistics on poverty or inequality. After ... More


Poverty under Planning: Levels and Change

K. L. Datta

in Growth and Development Planning in India

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190125028
eISBN:
9780190991579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190125028.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Describing the manner in which poverty is incorporated as a parameter in planning, this chapter delineates the use of poverty estimates in policy-making, and in tracking progress of development over ... More


What Is Wrong with the Poverty Line

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Using household income to measure income inequality and define poverty has many flaws. Comparing individuals and households of the same age cohort is far more likely to be meaningful, because it is ... More


Uganda: A New Set of Utility-Consistent Poverty Lines

Bjorn Van Campenhout, Haruna Sekabira, and Fiona Nattembo

in Measuring Poverty and Wellbeing in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198744801
eISBN:
9780191805967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744801.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Uganda has seen impressive economic growth and substantial poverty reductions over the past few decades. However, recent research relying on non-monetary wealth indicators suggests much more modest ... More


Anti-Poverty Effectiveness

Qin Gao

in Welfare, Work, and Poverty: Social Assistance in China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190218133
eISBN:
9780190672966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190218133.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 5 investigates Dibao’s anti-poverty effectiveness. The chapter shows that, based on various poverty lines and across urban and rural areas, Dibao’s anti-poverty effectiveness is limited and ... More


Poverty

Nicola Amendola and Fernando Salsano

in Measuring Wellbeing: A History of Italian Living Standards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199944590
eISBN:
9780190218850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944590.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Some commentators argue that greater economic growth implies less absolute poverty. This is wrong. If the economic development process is accompanied by an increase in inequality, this may prevent ... More


The Absolute Poverty Approach

Gary S. Fields

in Employment and Development: How Work Can Lead From and Into Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198815501
eISBN:
9780191853166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815501.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

“Poverty” has been defined as the inability of an individual or a family to command sufficient resources to satisfy basic needs. The workman who, in Adam Smith’s day, could not appear in public ... More


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