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Doing and Being: An Interpretation of Aristotle's Metaphysics Theta

Jonathan Beere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199206704
eISBN:
9780191709784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206704.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

Doing and Being confronts the problem of how to understand two central concepts of Aristotle's philosophy: energeia and dunamis. While these terms seem ambiguous between actuality/potentiality and ... More


Aristotle's Refinements of Plato's Theory

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's refinements of Plato's theory of composition. Aristotle is generally sympathetic to the Platonic outlook, but differs over the details. In some cases, Aristotle's ... More


Number and Substance

Svetla Slaveva-Griffin

in Plotinus on Number

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195377194
eISBN:
9780199869572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377194.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the relationship between number and substance in the intelligible realm. Plotinus formulates three hypotheses about the existence of number in the intelligible: 1) number is ... More


Mapping and Imagining Forests: From Mercantilism to Imperial Forestry

Arupjyoti Saikia

in Forests and Ecological History of Assam, 1826–2000

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069539
eISBN:
9780199081240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069539.003.0002
Subject:
History, Indian History

In the early twentieth century, the forests of Assam were described as dense forests. Centuries later, the described forests of the northern bank of river Brahmaputra no longer looked like the way it ... More


Property Dualism

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ontology of property dualism. It puts forward the arguments for the distinctness thesis and shows that they have a degree of force. It provides a sketch of dualist ontology, ... More


The Growth of S2: Potentiality and Actuality

Daniel W. Graham

in Aristotle's Two Systems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243151
eISBN:
9780191680649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents theories that were peripheral to S1 and states that they were transformed under the pressure of new principles to become key components of a new system. Since the important ... More


Infants and Foetuses

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Typical persons are rational, can use language, are intentional systems, require certain kinds of treatment from others, are agents of responsible behaviour, and have some special kind of ... More


A New Ontology?

Paul M. Collins

in Trinitarian Theology: West and East: Karl Barth, the Cappadocian Fathers, and John Zizioulas

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270324
eISBN:
9780191683985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270324.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The being of God in the Church Dogmatics is characterized by the concepts of act, action, activity, and event, rather than by the language of substance. It is from Karl Barth's understanding that the ... More


Powers of Possibility: Experimental American Writing since the 1960s

Alex Houen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609291
eISBN:
9780191731723
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609291.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

In The Meaning of Contemporary Realism (1957) Georg Lukács discussed how the power struggle of the Cold War made it all the more pressing for literary writers to present ‘concrete potentialities’ of ... More


Counterfactuals and Comparative Possibility

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Proposes an analysis of counterfactual conditionals in terms of possible‐world semantics. Various issues arising from the proposed analysis are then discussed, including possible equivalent ... More


War on People: Drug User Politics and a New Ethics of Community

Jarrett Zigon

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520297692
eISBN:
9780520969957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297692.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

A War on People takes up two interrelated concerns increasingly of import to political anthropologists and theorists. The first is the seemingly widespread lack of motivation for participating in ... More


Intellects

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles II

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246540
eISBN:
9780191597879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246548.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aquinas devotes the entire third (last part) of Book II to considering only one kind of created things: intellects, or more precisely, only such kinds of created things as are essentially ... More


Substance, Definition, and Essence

David Charles

in Aristotle on Meaning and Essence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256730
eISBN:
9780191597183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925673X.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's approach to the definition of composite substances in the central books of the Metaphysics follows the explanation‐involving pattern set out in the Posterior Analytics. The definition of ... More


Probability: The New Modality of Science

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The Aristotelian tradition in science, dominant before the advent of modern science, saw real modalities in nature: necessity, possibility, contingency, potentiality, and essence. Throughout the ... More


Procession and Decline

A. C. Lloyd

in The Anatomy of Neoplatonism

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238065
eISBN:
9780191597916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238061.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Devoted to the key Neoplatonic concepts of procession and emanation. The two terms are taken to express the same idea, although procession is preferred as more neutral. Points out how procession can ... More


The Promise of Democracy: Nonpossessive Freedom and Caring Solidarity

Fred Dallmayr

in Freedom and Solidarity: Toward New Beginnings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813165783
eISBN:
9780813165813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165783.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter includes the testimony of a number of thinkers—some influenced by Heidegger—to elucidate the “promise of democracy.” It argues that democracy is not just a formal procedure but a dynamic ... More


Introduction

Alex Houen

in Powers of Possibility: Experimental American Writing since the 1960s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609291
eISBN:
9780191731723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609291.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

With references ranging from Aristotle and Spinoza to Agamben, the Introduction starts with consideration of how individuals’ capacities and faculties have been conceived in terms of potentiality. ... More


‘Back! Back! Back! Central Mind Machine Pentagon…’: Allen Ginsberg and the Vietnam War

Alex Houen

in Powers of Possibility: Experimental American Writing since the 1960s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609291
eISBN:
9780191731723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609291.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

After considering Ginsberg's travels in south‐east Asia in the early 1960s, the chapter offers an extended reading of his anti‐Vietnam War ‘auto poem’ ‘Wichita Vortex Sutra’ (1966), showing how it ... More


‘This Black World of Purest Possibility’

LeRoi Jones and Amiri Baraka

in Powers of Possibility: Experimental American Writing since the 1960s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609291
eISBN:
9780191731723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609291.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This chapter examines a range of Baraka's writings (poems, plays, and essays) from 1960 to 1979, during which time he changed from being a Beat‐affiliated writer (named LeRoi Jones) to a Black ... More


Writing Outer Space for ‘Potential America’

William S. Burroughs

in Powers of Possibility: Experimental American Writing since the 1960s

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609291
eISBN:
9780191731723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609291.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

‘My purpose in writing has always been to express human potentials and purposes relevant to the Space Age.’ That summative statement by Burroughs in 1991 is the starting point of the chapter, which ... More


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