Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 38 items

  • Keywords: potential energy x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Accretion onto a Black Hole

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores the ways that accretion onto a black hole produces energy and radiation. As material falls into a gravitational potential well, energy is transformed from gravitational ... More


Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book deals with a central topic at the interface of chemistry and physics — the understanding of how the transformation of matter takes place at the atomic level. Building on the laws of ... More


Homonuclear diatomic molecules

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

There is general agreement among chemists that the homonuclear diatomic molecules formed by hydrogen atoms (H2), halogen atoms (X2), or alkali metal atoms (M2) are held together by single chemical ... More


Gaseous alkali metal halides: ionic bonds

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The evaporation of an alkali metal halide (MX) yields a mixture of monomers and smaller amounts of dimers, trimers, and tetramers. This chapter describes the monomers in terms of their electric ... More


Homonuclear diatomic species of second-period elements from Li2 to Ne2

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the internuclear distances, dissociation energies, and magnetic properties of homonuclear, diatomic species formed from the second period elements from Li to Ne in terms of the ... More


Structure and bonding in the gaseous dihalides and dialkyl derivatives of the Group 2 and Group 12 metals

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with a discussion of the difficulties of establishing unequivocally whether a monomeric, gaseous Group 2 metal dihalide has a linear or angular equilibrium structure. The ... More


AGGREGATION OF MOLECULES TO SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the aggregation of molecules to solid and liquids. Topics covered include matter in various states of aggregation, vapour-pressure formula, general rules of phase equilibrium, ... More


Ties That Bind

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

From a distance, bits of matter tend to attract. Up close, violating a certain threshold, they repel. In equilibrium, somewhere in between, they strike a balance. The pushes are counteracted exactly ... More


Potential-Energy Methods

Sanjay Govindjee

in Engineering Mechanics of Deformable Solids: A Presentation with Exercises

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199651641
eISBN:
9780191775017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651641.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the principles of stationary (minimum) potential energy and stationary complementary potential energy. The principles are introduced via example and then carefully explained to ... More


Engineering Mechanics of Deformable Solids: A Presentation with Exercises

Sanjay Govindjee

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199651641
eISBN:
9780191775017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651641.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book covers the essential elements of engineering mechanics for mechanical elements in tension-compression, torsion, and bending. Its approach emphasizes a fundamental bottom-up approach to the ... More


Energy: science (and some history)

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Energy lies at the core of the first law of thermodynamics as a concept to quantify change. Events happen but total energy remains the same. It’s the change in energy that matters. The realization ... More


Nuclear motion

Carsten A. Ullrich

in Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory: Concepts and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563029
eISBN:
9780191775130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563029.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter focuses on the coupling of electron dynamics and nuclear motion. In principle, electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom both have to be treated quantum mechanically and on an equal ... More


Harmonic Oscillators

William J. Mullin

in Quantum Weirdness

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The first application of quantum ideas to a system with a nonuniform potential energy is to the harmonic oscillator: a pendulum, or a mass on a spring. The result is a quantization of energy with ... More


Reduced variables and characteristic relaxation times

C. M. Roland

in Viscoelastic Behavior of Rubbery Materials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571574
eISBN:
9780191728976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571574.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Time—temperature superpositioning is a common method to extend the range of viscoelastic data. Master curves can be calculated that cover many decades of time or frequency, and in principle enable ... More


Spectral Energetics

T. N. Krishnamurti, H. S. Bedi, and V. M. Hardiker

in An Introduction to Global Spectral Modeling

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195094732
eISBN:
9780197560761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195094732.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

In this chapter we present spectral energetics. This is a useful tool for the interpretation of model output. It can be used to interpret both short term weather evolution and climate time scales. ... More


Principles of minimum potential energy and complementary energy

Lallit Anand and Sanjay Govindjee

in Continuum Mechanics of Solids

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198864721
eISBN:
9780191896767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864721.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

With the displacement field taken as the only fundamental unknown field in a mixed-boundary-value problem for linear elastostatics, the principle of minimum potential energy asserts that a potential ... More


Potential Energy Surfaces

Tomas Baer and William L. Hase

in Unimolecular Reaction Dynamics: Theory and Experiments

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195074949
eISBN:
9780197560297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195074949.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

Properties of potential energy surfaces are integral to understanding the dynamics of unimolecular reactions. As discussed in chapter 2, the concept of a potential ... More


The Theory of Intermolecular Forces

Anthony Stone

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672394
eISBN:
9780191751417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672394.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory of intermolecular forces has advanced very greatly in the last few decades. Simple empirical models are no longer adequate to account for the detailed and accurate experimental ... More


Free-Energy Calculations

Vasily Bulatov and Wei Cai

in Computer Simulations of Dislocations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198526148
eISBN:
9780191916618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198526148.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Software Engineering

Free energy is of central importance for understanding the properties of physical systems at finite temperatures. While in the zero temperature limit the system should evolve to a state of minimum ... More


Introduction

Anthony J. Stone

in The Theory of Intermolecular Forces

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672394
eISBN:
9780191751417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672394.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The interactions between molecules are responsible for many of the every-day properties of matter. They can be classified into a number of components, and the nature of these components is explained. ... More


View: