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Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This book is concerned with the most devastating fungal diseases in history. These are the plagues of trees and crop plants caused by invisible spores that have reshaped entire landscapes and ... More


Potato Soup

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The Irish potato famine is the best known crop disease in history. This chapter addresses the root causes of the famine, with emphasis upon the relationship between the unprecedented population ... More


FARMING AND FEEDING THE HUNGRY: Plant Viruses and Human Enteroviruses

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses plant viruses and human enteroviruses. Population growth has an enormous impacton the global food supply. Two groups of viruses complicate the food chain. First, there are ... More


The domestication of non-cereal crops

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Non-cereal crops are dominated by pulses (large-seeded legumes) and root crops, such as potatoes and yams. With their higher protein content and nitrogen-fixing ability, pulses complement cereals ... More


People and the emergence of crops

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter is concerned with the emergence and spread of the major crop groups from their centres of origin in Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Although the initial domestication of some crops ... More


Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Leslie Clarkson and Margaret Crawford

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This book traces the history of food and famine in Ireland from the 16th to the early 20th century. It is concerned with what people ate and drank, and how consumption patterns changed over time. It ... More


Food, Economy, and Society

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the relationship between, food and drink, populations, and individuals. It considers why food and nutrition have until recently figured little in historical discussions. It ... More


Potatoes, Population, and Diet, circa 1650 to circa 1845

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

In 1845 potatoes dominated the diets of the poorest one-third of the population. This chapter examines the spread of potato cultivation and consumption from the later 17th century. Potatoes moved ... More


Dietary Changes, 1845–1920

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Following the Great Famine consumption patterns, particularly among the poorer classes, became more diversified. Potato cultivation, much depleted during the 1840s, never regained pre-famine levels, ... More


Food, Famine, and Ireland

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers whether Ireland was more vulnerable to famine than its European neighbours because of over-population, climate, peasant attitudes, or government policy. It discusses the ... More


Food and Nutrition

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Food pleases the palate and nourishes the body. Balanced nutrition is important in promoting good health and the survival of the population. The nutritional quality of Irish diets first entered ... More


Nutrition, Health, and Demography

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the connections between food, health, and population growth. Before the 19th century Ireland was probably no more disease-ridden than elsewhere in West Europe. Potato ... More


Dancing with the Mountain in the Altiplano: The Festival of the Ispallas

Frédérique Apffel-Marglin

in Subversive Spiritualities: How Rituals Enact the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793853
eISBN:
9780199919246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793853.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 7 is in a narrative voice, in order to capture how humans, non-humans, and other-than-humans all ritually dance their world into continued existence. At the festival of the Ispallas, people ... More


The Politics of Hunger, 1845–1850

Paul Bew

in Ireland: The Politics of Enmity 1789-2006

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199561261
eISBN:
9780191701832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561261.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

On 9 September 1845, the Dublin Evening Post reported the arrival of the potato blight. On 10 November, Peel ordered the purchase in America of £100,000-worth of Indian corn for shipment to Ireland. ... More


Preservation and Renewal of Alimentary Identities

Massimo Montanari

in Italian Identity in the Kitchen, or Food and the Nation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160841
eISBN:
9780231535083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160841.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses the products that entered the Italian alimentary system in the modern era. The fifteenth century marked the introduction of rice into the agronomy and eating habits of the ... More


The Hecatomb and the Church’s Silence?

DONAL A. KERR

in ‘A Nation of Beggars’?: Priests, People, and Politics in Famine Ireland, 1846–1852

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207375
eISBN:
9780191677649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207375.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The total failure of the potato resulted in death on a massive scale through hunger, disease, and exposure during the winter of 1847. Although by the standards of the time, there had been a major ... More


“An entire nation of paupers”: Contextualizing Poverty and Famine in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Ireland and Kilkenny

Jonny Geber

in Victims of Ireland'S Great Famine: The Bioarchaeology of Mass Burials at Kilkenny Union Workhouse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813061177
eISBN:
9780813051475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061177.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Ireland in the mid-nineteenth century was characterized by widespread poverty, and a large part of the population was completely dependent on the potato for subsistence. When a blight destroyed the ... More


Mr. Hayman: On Sweet Potatoes

Bernard L. Herman

in A South You Never Ate: Savoring Flavors and Stories from the Eastern Shore of Virginia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469653471
eISBN:
9781469653495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653471.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the idea of terroir through the sweet potato, in particular the heirloom cultivar of the Hayman sweet potato. Terroir is about much more than the taste of place as an expression ... More


The Sisters of Mercy: A Tale of Two Cities

Edward Rohs and Judith Estrine

in Raised by the Church: Growing up in New York City's Catholic Orphanages

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823240227
eISBN:
9780823240265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823240227.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

Beginning in 1855, this chapter provides an overview of the historic roots of the Sisters of Mercy in Brooklyn and their involvement with the impoverished immigrant community, fifty five percent of ... More


The Ethnoecology of Crop Diversity in Andean Potato Agriculture

Stephen B. Brush

in Farmers' Bounty: Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100495
eISBN:
9780300130140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100495.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter describes the ethnobiology of Andean potatoes as an example of how anthropological research can contribute to an overall understanding of the ecology and evolution of a crop in its ... More


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