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The Roles of Love, Attachment, and Altruism in the Adjustment to Military Trauma

Bita Ghafoori and Robert Hierholzer

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter summarizes research on the associations among love in the form of a secure adult attachment, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and altruism. The chapter is organized into five ... More


Posttraumatic Stress and Posttraumatic Growth in Childhood Cancer Survivors and Their Parents

Margaret L. Stuber

in Comprehensive Handbook of Childhood Cancer and Sickle Cell Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195169850
eISBN:
9780197562192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195169850.003.0021
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Oncology

Few would disagree that a diagnosis of childhood cancer is shocking and frightening to the child and to the child’s family. In addition to the sudden and dreadful diagnosis, the intensive and often ... More


The Impact of War on Mental Health

Evan D. Kanter

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the impact of war on mental health, both on the military and on civilian populations. It examines in depth posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).


Trauma, Learned Helplessness, Its Neuroscience, and Implications for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Vincent M. LoLordo and J. Bruce Overmier

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Forty years ago it was discovered that animals that had previously experienced inescapable aversive events, but not ones that had learned to escape these events, subsequently failed to learn to ... More


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and the War for Mental Health

Dana Becker

in One Nation Under Stress: The Trouble with Stress as an Idea

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199742912
eISBN:
9780190258436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199742912.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter examines how the concept of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) helps stifle disturbing moral ambiguities, whether in relation to war, child abuse, terrorism, or male-to-female ... More


Psychophysiology of Emotional Memory Networks in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Roger K. Pitman and Scott P. Orr

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter suggests that findings from research into the mental disorder currently known as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may shed light on evolutionary biobehavioral mechanisms of memory ... More


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder of the Virtual Kind: Trauma and Resilience in Post-9/11 America

Allan Young

in Trauma and Memory: Reading, Healing, and Making Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754057
eISBN:
9780804768122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754057.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews an evolution in the construction of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following the 9/11 attacks in the United States. It covers the epidemiology of post-9/11 PTSD and the ... More


Exploring the Effects of Combat Exposure on American Civic Life

Christopher S. Parker

in Veterans' Policies, Veterans' Politics: New Perspectives on Veterans in the Modern United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042077
eISBN:
9780813043456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042077.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Military service is believed to contribute to civic life on veterans’ return to civil society: it is believed to produce productive, allegiant citizens. What if exposure to combat also damages the ... More


Anxiety, Trauma, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders

Wendy B. Smith

in Youth Leaving Foster Care: A Developmental, Relationship-Based Approach to Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195375596
eISBN:
9780199893355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375596.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Chapter 6 presents an overview of anxiety disorders and outlines the specific disorders. Recent research on epidemiology is provided. The psychological and biological aspects of anxiety and ... More


Prevention and Rehabilitation of Psychological Injuries

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The perceived need to prevent and rehabilitate psychological injuries has encouraged the development of various psychological and pharmacological interventions in the last two decades. This chapter ... More


Trauma- and Stress-Related Disorders

Marleen Wong, Pamela Vona, and Stephen Hydon

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

The chapter outlines the prevalence of traumatic events in the lives of our nation’s children and adolescents and highlights populations that are particularly vulnerable to trauma exposure. The ... More


Violence, Culture, and the Politics of Trauma

Arthur Kleinman

in Writing at the Margin: Discourse Between Anthropology and Medicine

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520209657
eISBN:
9780520919471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520209657.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses the trauma that results from political violence and the ways in which political violence is being turned into a health problem. It first introduces posttraumatic stress ... More


Anxiety Disorders

Kirstin Painter and Maria Scannapieco

in Understanding the Mental Health Problems of Children and Adolescents: A Guide for Social Workers

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190927844
eISBN:
9780197554548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190927844.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Chapter 7 addresses anxiety disorders, one of the most common mental health problems experienced by children and adolescents. The difference between the normal anxiety everyone experiences and ... More


Severe Mental Illness Treatment Literature: An overview

Justin M. Simpson and Glendon L. Moriarty

in Multimodal Treatment of Acute Psychiatric Illness: A Guide for Hospital Diversion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158831
eISBN:
9780231536097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158831.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter reviews the literature on treatment programs for people with severe mental illness (SMI), which includes schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, bipolar and major depressive ... More


Neurobiological, Cognitive, and Behavioral Consequences of Child Maltreatment

Katherine C. Pears and Jacqueline Bruce

in Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195342680
eISBN:
9780197562598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195342680.003.0075
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Child maltreatment is a serious public pediatric health problem that affected 900,000 children between the ages of 0 and 18 years in 2006; more than 1,500 of these children died as a result of ... More


Emotion's Multiple Effects on Memory

Daniel Reisberg and Friderike Heuer

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores the multiple effects of emotion on memory and argues that there are several levels of complexity in human emotional learning not captured by the known neurobiological ... More


Tough Hearts: Building Resilient Soldiers

Michael D. Matthews

in Head Strong: How Psychology is Revolutionizing War, Revised and Expanded Edition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190870478
eISBN:
9780197510933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190870478.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Soldiers must be prepared to face a variety of challenges and adversity, ranging from long separations from family to killing and dealing with the injury and death of their fellow soldiers. The ... More


Stress: The New Black Death?

Dana Becker

in One Nation Under Stress: The Trouble with Stress as an Idea

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199742912
eISBN:
9780190258436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199742912.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This book explores the meaning of the American society's contemporary reliance on stress as a bellwether cultural concept. It considers what accounts for the widespread appeal of stress, what social ... More


Coming Home

Melinda L. Pash

in In the Shadow of the Greatest Generation: The Americans Who Fought the Korean War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814767696
eISBN:
9780814789223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814767696.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the process of leaving Korea and what happened to veterans once they returned to the home front. In contrast to previous wars, Korean War veterans returned home individually, ... More


PTSD and Panic Disorder

Justin M. Simpson and Glendon L. Moriarty

in Multimodal Treatment of Acute Psychiatric Illness: A Guide for Hospital Diversion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158831
eISBN:
9780231536097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158831.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes a treatment plan for people suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder and panic disorder. The first step is to perform assessment, which includes interviewing the patient, ... More


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