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Appeals Unanswered: From Amsterdam to Lausanne

Donald Markwell

in John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198292364
eISBN:
9780191715525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292364.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Within three weeks of leaving the Paris Peace Conference, Keynes had begun to write a book on the Treaty and the economic condition of Europe. He was uncertain whether he would persevere with it, but ... More


Foreign Aid and Economic Development in Post‐war Lebanon

Ghassan Dibeh

in Foreign Aid for Development: Issues, Challenges, and the New Agenda

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580934
eISBN:
9780191723346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580934.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows that foreign aid in post-war Lebanon passed through two phases with distinct features that have had far reaching implications for post-war development. In the first phase lasting ... More


The Second World War, 1939–1945

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The Treasury lost much of its authority between 1940 and 1945, as far as the conduct of the Second World War was concerned, but it played an important role in financial diplomacy and in planning ... More


3i Fifty Years Investing in Industry

Richard Coopey and Donald Clarke

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289449
eISBN:
9780191684708
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289449.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

3i (Investors in Industry, and formerly the Industrial and Commercial Finance Corporation, etc.) is Britain's leading venture capital company. Founded in 1945 as a result of a combination of ... More


Entr’acte: How the Development of International Society Differed from the Legislators’ Expectations

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This section offers some explanations of the arrangements for the legal restraint of warfare which have not worked well. It explains that the arrangements made between 1945 and 1950 have had to ... More


How Strategic Is UN Peacebuilding?

Nicholas Sambanis

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes results from a quantitative study on UN peacekeeping (Doyle and Sambanis) to assess the extent to which UN peacekeeping operations are strategic. Although UN missions are ... More


Psychology and the Mid-Century Crisis

Mathew Thomson

in Psychological Subjects: Identity, Culture, and Health in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287802
eISBN:
9780191713378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287802.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the way the world wars and the rise of political extremism, particularly Nazism, highlighted sadism and a potential for collective irrationality as inherent to human nature. ... More


Post-war Reconstructions

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0018
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

The seven years of the American occupation of Japan can be divided into two periods: the period of reform devoted to the adoption of measures for ‘demilitarization and democratization’; and the ... More


The Treasury Under Labour, 1945–1951

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The period 1945–1951 saw the Treasury become the central department of government again, with enhanced responsibility for co-ordinating economic policy. However, the enlargement of the Treasury's ... More


The United Nations and the New Legal Order of the World

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the establishment of the United Nations Organizations in 1945 and considers it a central act of recognition by the war-surviving generation that something striking had to be ... More


Housewives and citizens: post-war planning and the post-war years

Caitríona Beaumont

in Housewives and citizens: Domesticity and the women's movement in England, 1928-64

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086076
eISBN:
9781781705971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086076.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

Having participated actively in the war effort, voluntary women's organisations were united in their determination to ensure that the views and interests of housewives and mothers were incorporated ... More


‘Can we distinguish the sheep from the wolves?’:1 Émigrés, Allies, and the Reconstruction of Germany

Jessica Reinisch

in The Perils of Peace: The Public Health Crisis in Occupied Germany

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199660797
eISBN:
9780191748295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660797.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at members of the German medical professions in war-time exile, and contrasts British, American, French and Soviet responses to their requests to assist in the rebuilding of ... More


The British Way and Purpose, 1942–1943

S. P. Mackenzie

in Politics and Military Morale: Current Affairs and Citizenship Education in the British Army 1914-1950

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202448
eISBN:
9780191675362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202448.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

The second half of 1942 and the first months of 1943 were to witness both a progressive increase in educational activity and the intensification of the conflicts and controversies already becoming ... More


From Reconstruction to the Post-War Boom

José Antonio Ocampo

in The World Economy through the Lens of the United Nations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198817345
eISBN:
9780191858864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817345.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the early post-war history of the world economy as reviewed in the Survey. It first looks at the task of reconstruction, which the Survey considered to have been very successful. ... More


European Socialists and the International Order, 1918–1925

Talbot C. Imlay

in The Practice of Socialist Internationalism: European Socialists and International Politics, 1914-1960

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199641048
eISBN:
9780191774317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199641048.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the collective efforts of British, French, and German socialists to place a socialist stamp on the emerging post-war political order both within and between countries. The ... More


Reconstituting the International, 1940–1951

Talbot C. Imlay

in The Practice of Socialist Internationalism: European Socialists and International Politics, 1914-1960

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199641048
eISBN:
9780191774317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199641048.003.0008
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter traces the revival of international socialism, beginning in the early 1940s and ending with the Socialist International’s founding congress in July 1951. It focuses on the efforts of ... More


Whose Nation, Whose State? Working-Class Nationalism and Antisemitism in Poland, 1945‒1947

Padraic Kenney

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13: Focusing on the Holocaust and its Aftermath

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774600
eISBN:
9781800340701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774600.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies working-class nationalism and antisemitism in post-war Poland. It argues that in early post-war Poland, citizen–state relations expressed themselves in part through national ... More


Peacebuilding and Development

Mats Berdal

in International Development: Ideas, Experience, and Prospects

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199671656
eISBN:
9780191751127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671656.003.0022
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The attempt to explore, through philosophical reflection or academic inquiry, the relationship between war and development has a long history. It is only with the end of the Cold War, however, that ... More


World War I and the 1920s: From Tax Squeeze through Double Squeeze to Spending Squeeze

Christopher Hood and Rozana Himaz

in A Century of Fiscal Squeeze Politics: 100 Years of Austerity, Politics, and Bureaucracy in Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198779612
eISBN:
9780191824661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779612.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter describes a decade of different types of fiscal squeeze under four different governments: massive tax hikes coupled with cuts in civilian services under the war coalition government in ... More


Reconstituting the International, 1918–1923

Talbot C. Imlay

in The Practice of Socialist Internationalism: European Socialists and International Politics, 1914-1960

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199641048
eISBN:
9780191774317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199641048.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines the post-war efforts of European socialists to reconstitute the Socialist International. Initial efforts to cooperate culminated in an international socialist conference in ... More


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