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Reparations and Mental Health: Psychosocial Interventions Towards Healing, Human Agency, and Rethreading Social Realities

M. Brinton Lykes and Marcie Mersky

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This paper provides an overview of psychosocial and mental health theory and practice as it has emerged in contexts of war, post-war, and transitional situations. It identifies several models that ... More


Symptoms and syndromes of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides a typology of disorders of fear and anxiety — such as anxiety disorder, phobias including agoraphobia, panic, and social anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and ... More


Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Human emotional suffering has been studied for centuries, but the significance of psychological injuries within legal contexts has only recently been recognized. As the public becomes increasingly ... More


The Hippocampus and Post-Traumatic Disorders

J. Douglas Bremner and Eric Vermetten

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The hippocampus plays an important role in post-traumatic mental disorders. Alterations in the hippocampus have been shown in patients with a number of stress-related mental disorders, including ... More


BUILDING A FRAMEWORK: Health, Stress, Crisis, and Trauma

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The field of trauma response has been influenced by a number of theories that contribute to understanding. Stress theories consider the cumulative impact of working and living in stressful ... More


THE RIGHT STUFF: Trauma and Coping

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The training and personality style of emergency responders prepares them to deal with high drama situations. However, this exposure has an impact on their emotional and psychological well-being. This ... More


In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Cheryl Regehr and Ted Bober

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

In the wake of disaster, emergency service workers including police officers, firefighters, and paramedics are first on the scene and last to leave. Their heroic actions save lives, provide comfort ... More


Adapting to Crisis

Carla L. Storr, Daniel Lakin, and Wietse A. Tol

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Crises are all too common, as each year, billions of people across the globe are exposed to potentially traumatic events. This chapter primarily describes crisis responses from a US-focused ... More


Epidemiology of post-traumatic stress disorder

Nicole R. Nugent, Ruth Brown, Kelcey Stratton, and Ananda B. Amstadter

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter uses a life course approach to summarize the distribution and patterns of exposure to traumatic events and associated development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). First the ... More


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

This chapter reviews the evidence basis for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents. The bulk of the research involves cognitive-behavioral therapy ... More


Gender, Trauma, and Distress

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses exposure to potentially traumatic events and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), limitations of current knowledge and future research directions, and the ... More


Writing at the Margin: Discourse Between Anthropology and Medicine

Arthur Kleinman

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520209657
eISBN:
9780520919471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520209657.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

In this collection, a scholar in medical anthropology takes stock of his recent intellectual odysseys. An anthropologist and psychiatrist who has studied in Taiwan, China, and North America since ... More


General Assessment Issues with Psychological Injuries

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Forensic assessors know sufficient information about psychological injuries to be dangerous—to claimants, to insurers, to the courts, and to themselves. This chapter seeks to increase the knowledge ... More


Detecting Exaggeration and Malingering in Psychological Injury Claims

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the methods for identifying exaggeration and malingering in civil forensic evaluations involving post-traumatic stress disorder. The discussion is divided into four sections: (a) ... More


Psychological Distress

Elizabeth Beck, Sarah Britto, and Arlene Andrews

in In the Shadow of Death: Restorative Justice and Death Row Families

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195179415
eISBN:
9780199893799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179415.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter examines the psychological distress associated with a death sentence. Sixty-three percent of the sample of interviewees indicated that they had been diagnosed with depression and that ... More


Epigenetic influences on mental illness over the life course

Monica Uddin and Levent Sipahi

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Lifetime experiences have long been recognized as important determinants of mental health and illness; however, the biological mechanisms through which social exposures influence mental health, and ... More


A Psychology of Fear

Samuel Justin Sinclair and Daniel Antonius

in The Psychology of Terrorism Fears

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388114
eISBN:
9780199949816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388114.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the concept of terrorism fears and differentiate it from more conventional, model-driven frameworks for clinical psychopathology. This chapter will discuss ... More


The Trauma Paradigm and Its Discontents

Alan Gibbs

in Contemporary American Trauma Narratives

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641147
eISBN:
9781474400794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641147.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

The Introduction assesses and critiques the notion of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related theories of trauma that have come to be dominant in cultural and literary studies of the ... More


Learning points

Helen Martyn

in Developing reflective practice: Making sense of social work in a world of change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342386
eISBN:
9781447302032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342386.003.0018
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses the lessons that can be learned from the cases of direct social work with the children who were introduced in the previous chapters. These include the importance of a good ... More


Animal models of post-traumatic stress disorder: Towards understanding of individual differences

Lisa Heltzel and Judith R Homberg

in Genes, brain, and emotions: Interdisciplinary and Translational Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198793014
eISBN:
9780191834745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793014.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Fear learning and memory allows organisms to respond adaptively to cues and contexts that are associated with danger upon a future encounter. Sometimes fear responses go awry, leading to an intrusive ... More


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