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How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Penelope Mackie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What are the essential properties of ordinary individuals such as people, cats, trees, and tables? The question is notoriously difficult, yet must be answered to obtain a satisfying account of the ... More


Individual Essences and Bare Identities

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the question of whether ordinary individuals have non-trivial individual essences: essential properties that are not only necessary but also sufficient for their identities in ... More


God, the Best, and Evil

Bruce Langtry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

To create a possible world is to actualize it strongly or weakly. A world is prime if God can create it and he cannot create a world better than it. This book's conclusions include: (1) If there is ... More


Origin Properties and Individual Essences

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Graeme Forbes has argued that many ordinary persisting things (including people, animals, and plants) can be attributed non-trivial individual essences that include distinctive features of their ... More


Towards Non-Being: The Logic and Metaphysics of Intentionality

Graham Priest

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199262540
eISBN:
9780191602672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262543.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Towards Non-Being presents an account of the semantics of intentional verbs such as ‘believes’, ‘fears’, ‘seeks’, and ‘imagines’. It tackles problems concerning intentional states which ... More


Counterpart Theory and the Puzzles of Transworld Identity

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the proposal that counterpart theory should be adopted as a solution to the problems about identity across possible worlds discussed in the previous chapters: a solution that ... More


Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Alvin Plantinga

Matthew Davidson (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of my essays, dating from 1969, concerning the metaphysics of modality. The first two chapters are a defense of the idea of modality de re against criticisms from William ... More


Preliminaries

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter characterizes essentialism, and distinguishes essentialism about individuals from essentialism about natural kinds, arguing that the first does, but the second need not, involve de re ... More


Ways a World Might Be: Metaphysical and Anti-Metaphysical Essays

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251483
eISBN:
9780191602320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251487.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book features a collection of papers on metaphysical topics. These papers echo the recurring themes of the Quinean picture, resulting from his critique of logical empiricism. They reflect an ... More


Modal Realism

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The models studied in modal logic are set theoretical structures. So one can regard the model theory of modal logic as a branch of set theory. The philosophical question arises: what is the ... More


Our Knowledge of the Internal World

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199545995
eISBN:
9780191719929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545995.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

On the traditional Cartesian picture, knowledge of one's own current inner experience is the unproblematic foundation for all knowledge. The philosophical problem is to explain how we move beyond ... More


Modality, Modal Epistemology, and the Metaphysics of Consciousness

Christopher S. Hill

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Cartesian modal arguments for property dualism presuppose that facts about the essential natures of pain and other qualitative properties can be grasped a priori by merely conceiving of them or ... More


Modality

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that neither the modal realism of David Lewis nor abstract possible worlds reductionism can satisfy Truthmaker or TSB when it comes to truths of de re modality. On the contrary, ... More


The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Charles S. Chihara

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book gives a critical exposition of modal realism, the philosophical doctrine that there exist many possible worlds of which the actual world — the universe in which we live — is just one. The ... More


Formal Semantics

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that the treatment of names as having nondescriptive, indefinable senses does not preclude a powerful formal semantics; that the referential properties of names can be treated ... More


Modal basics

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces basic concepts related to modality that occur throughout the book. It discusses kinds of necessity and possibility — particularly narrow and broad logical modalities. It ... More


Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A collection about the intentionality of speech acts and propositional attitudes. The chapters in the first section develop a framework for pragmatics—the study of the interaction of speech acts and ... More


THE CRITIC OF NATURE AND GENIUS

Mark Wilson

in Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199269259
eISBN:
9780191710155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269259.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The vital role of ‘concept’ as our chief means for expressing an evaluation of our present capacities for semantic diagnosis and control is reviewed, leading to chastened expectations that lie ... More


Modal reality

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a picture of the reality behind talk of possible worlds. It shows how divine powers can make secular possibility-claims true. The theory to this point has allowed that items ... More


Causes and Effects in The Revival of the Religious Sciences

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

In Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya’ ‘ulum al-din), a work that was written after the Incoherence (Tahafut), causes and effects play a very important role. Every event in this world is ... More


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